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Cougar A1/A2
Typhoon
Cougar Hardened Engineer Vehicle (HEV)
Cougar Medium Mine Protected Vehicle (MMPV)
Joint Explosive Ordnance Disposal Rapid Response Vehicles (JERRV)

Program History 2003-2005

Experiences during Operation Iraqi Freedom II and contingency operations in the Global War On Terrorism created an immediate mission essential requirement for the Cougar, specifically the Cougar HEV variant. As a result, I Marine Expeditionary Force initiated an urgent Universal Need Statement in December 2003, to purchase 27 HEVs. The rapid procurement and fielding of the HEV was indicative of MARCORSYSCOM's responsiveness to the needs of the Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) and the individual warfighter. The severity of the threat of unexploded ordnance and improvised explosive devices to operating forces and mine clearing teams had resulted in the loss of many lives. Many Marine Corps operating forces required adequate HEVs to negate these hazardous conditions and their effects.

On 5 March 2004, Technical Solutions Group, Inc., then a wholy owned subsidiary of Force Protection, Inc., announced that it had developed a new Tactical Armored and Mine Protected Vehicle optimized for urban warfare and low intensity conflicts. The Typhoon was designed to excel in urban combat, low intensity conflicts, troop transport, and patrol duty. The Typhoon was C-130 transportable and was stated to be ready for production by the third quarter of 2004.

On 26 April 2004, Force Protection, Inc. announced that its subsidiary Technical Solutions Group (TSG) had been awarded a contract to manufacture and deliver up to 27 Typhoon mine and ballistic protected vehicles. The 27 vehicles, training programs and consumable spare parts had a total value of $9.7 million. Initial deliveries were scheduled to begin in September 2004 and all of the initial release would be delivered before the end of the year.

US Representative Henry Brown, who at the time represented the First District of South Carolina where TSG was located, stated, "I am very proud of TSG and all of their employees for receiving this critically important contract. These mine and ballistic protected vehicles will go a long way toward protecting all of the brave men and women in uniform who are in harm's way in Iraq and other parts of the world as we continue the global war on terrorism. And back home, I am very thankful that this procurement will provide significant new jobs and a boost for the local economy. Since these vehicles perform such a valuable service, I am hopeful that we can expect further contracts in the future."

The first 14 of the contracted 27 HEVs were shipped to various bases during September 2004. This new vehicle, first used in Operation Iraqi Freedom II, was distributed throughout the Marine Corps beginning September 2004.

The Department of Defense FY05 Supplemental Request included $24.9 million for the Cougar Medium Mine Protected Vehicle. The Cougar family of medium-size mine protected vehicles was specifically designed to withstand mine explosions. The vehicle could be configured for a wide range of tasks including Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD). These vehicles were to be used to protect EOD teams during mine clearing/counter IED operations.

On 21 April 2005, via the Joint Rapid Acquisition Cell, the Deputy Secretary of Defense designated the Marine Corps Systems Command as the joint agent for the procurement of 122 Joint EOD Rapid Response Vehicles (JERRVs) for all joint EOD forces in theater. These vehicles were designed with protection capabilities that were very similar to the Cougar HEV already in service with the Marine Corps. Thirty-eight of the vehicles were scheduled to be fielded to the Marine Corps. All JERRV production deliveries were expected to occur by June 2006.

On 12 May 2005 the Senate Armed Services Committee authorized $441.6 billion for FY06 defense spending, which included a recommendation to fund another $9.8 million for the USMC Cougar Hardened Engineer Vehicles in Counter IED Systems.

Force Protection Industries Inc. of Ladson, South Caroline, was awarded on 13 May 2005, a $45,721,366 firm-fixed-price, indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity contract by Marine Corps Systems Command, with a maximum ordering quantity of 122 Cougar Joint Explosive Ordnance Disposal Rapid Response Vehicles (JERRV) and associated manuals, spares and field support. The initial delivery order was for 71 out of the 122 vehicles available on the contract. Work would be performed in Ladson, South Carolina (60 percent) and Charlotte, Michigan (40 percent), and work was expected to be completed by May 2006. The contract was a sole source award to Force Protection Industries Inc. as they were the sole manufacturer of the Cougar JERRV.

Force Protection Industries Inc. of Ladson, South Carolina, was awarded on 18 May 2005, a $16,549,582 firm-fixed-price delivery order by Marine Corps Systems Command, under a previously awarded contract (M67854-05-D-5091). The delivery order was for 17 Cougar Joint Explosive Ordnance Disposal Rapid Response Vehicles (JERRV), associated manuals, and spares. A maximum of 122 vehicles could be ordered off of the contract. Work would be performed in Ladson, South Carolina (60 percent) and Charlotte, Michigan (40 percent), and work was expected to be completed by May 2006. The contract was a sole source award to Force Protection Industries Inc. as they are the sole manufacturer of the Cougar JERRV.

On 23 June 2005 Force Protection, Inc. announced a delivery order for 34 additional mine-protected Cougar Joint Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Rapid Response Vehicles (JERRV) for an amount not to exceed $24.9 million. This was the third such order made during May-June 2005 under a joint contract awarded by the Department of Defense for 122 Cougar JERRV vehicles to be used in Iraq and Afghanistan. It was funded by the Joint Explosive Device (IED) Defeat Task Force and fulfilled the contract, bringing the total number of vehicles ordered to 122 for an amount not to exceed $87 million. Under the contract, Force Protection would manufacture the vehicles and provide training, spare part blocks and technical data. The first vehicles were expected to reach the field by early fall 2005.




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