Integrated Defensive Electronic Countermeasures (IDECM)
The Integrated Defensive Electronic Countermeasures (IDECM) program is developing a techniques generator (TG) and fiber optic towed decoy (FOTD) for aircraft self-protection against radio frequency (RF) missile threats. The IDECM jamming system uses a combination of onboard transmitters and the fiber optic towed decoy to deceive enemy radars and missile systems.
IDECM is a Navy-led joint program. The Air Force and Navy merged two separate acquisition programs into one joint program. This merger eliminated duplicate development efforts, reduced unit procurement cost by increasing the total program buy and lowered projected sustainment costs.
The IDECM suite is intended to provide self-protection and increased survivability for tactical aircraft against radio frequency (RF) and infrared (IR) surface-to-air and air-to-air threats. The major hardware component to be developed by the IDECM program is the IDECM RFCM (radio frequency countermeasure) system. The additional major functional component to be developed under the IDECM program is IDECM Integration.
IDECM will integrate specific electronic self protection systems on the host aircraft. For the IDECM lead aircraft, the F/A-18E/F, these systems are defined as the radar warning receiver, the Common Missile Warning System (CMWS, after completion of its own OPEVAL in the USMC AV-8B and the USAF F-16 Block 40 CAS), the AN/ALE-47 chaff/flare dispenser, the AN/ALE-50 (off-board decoy) launch controller/dispenser and the RFCM. Upon completion of its own OPEVAL, the Advanced Strategic Tactical Expendable is one of several expendables which may be dispensed by the AN/ALE-47. Integration of these systems is intended to provide threat system warning, threat missile detection/warning, and the most effective countermeasure response, to increase survivability of the host aircraft against IR and RF threats.
The RFCM consists of an onboard receiver/processor/techniques generator which stimulates a fiber optics towed decoy (FOTD) for transmission of the countermeasure technique. The FOTD is intended to be compatible with and deployed from the AN/ALE-50 (off-board repeater) launch controller/dispenser. An optional onboard transmitter is a possible addition to the configuration.
IDECM RFCM is intended to fill the electronic self protection operational deficiency for Navy tactical aircraft. USAF requirements for a common FOTD and techniques generator and a high power FOTD, were included in the IDECM EMD contract. USAF initial interest is in IDECM RFCM applications as components of the defensive system architecture for the F-15 and B-1B.
The FOTD provides aircraft protection against modern radar-guided missiles to supplement traditional radar jamming equipment. The device is towed at varying distances behind the aircraft while transmitting a signal like that of a threat radar. The missile will detect and lock onto the decoy rather than on the aircraft. This is achieved by making the decoy's radiated signal stronger than that of the aircraft. The system will greatly enhance existing onboard defense against radar guided missiles, thus improving the survivability of both aircraft and flight crew against radar guided threats.
The IDECM acquisition/operational test and evaluation strategy for the F/A-18E/F includes an OA of the RFCM to support a RFCM LRIP in 2QFY99. The OA will be based on flight testing in an avionics test bed aircraft which is an F/A-18E/F surrogate implemented in an F/A-18C/D airframe. Due to airframe limitations, the AN/ALE-50 launch controller/dispenser with the FOTD will be pod carried and interfaced with the internal avionics.
On a parallel schedule, the F/A-18E/F platform OPEVAL is scheduled from 3QFY99 through 1QFY00. The OPEVAL aircraft will not yet be equipped with the IDECM RFCM, but will carry the AN/ALE-50 and off-board decoy.
F/A-18E/F FOT&E with IDECM RFCM is planned concurrently with the RFCM OT phase IIA (OT-IIA) which is to be the OPEVAL for the RFCM supporting RFCM Milestone-III and B-LRIP in 1QFY01. OT-IIB is planned as the OPEVAL for IDECM Integration (subsequent to the CMWS Milestone-III and integration in the F/A-18E/F) supporting the IDECM Integration Milestone-III in 3QFY02.
Milestone-II was achieved 1QFY96 without a DOT&E approved TEMP. Since 4QFY95, the Navy test and requirements communities, and the IDECM program management, have worked closely with DOT&E staff towards closure on DOT&E TEMP issues. This effort yielded a January 1996 agreement among TEMP integrated product team (IPT) principles on resolution of DOT&E issues. A March 1996 COMOPTEVFOR IDECM Test Concept paper was formally endorsed by DOT&E as answering critical DOT&E TEMP issues. COMOPTEVFOR "scrubbed" the affected portions of the current "Navy approved" TEMP to incorporate the test concept and resource requirements agreements and provided proposed TEMP changes to the IDECM PM in June 1996. The IDECM program manager chose to delay re-submission of the TEMP to OSD until the April 1997 time frame. A new TEMP IPT was constituted in September 1996 with their focus on incorporating the previous agreements in conjunction with changes required to reflect the December 1996 completion of the IDECM critical design review.
Early involvement by the OT community, including aggressive COMOPTEVFOR leadership in the IDECM program, is driving several initiatives to upgrade range/test facilities and instrumentation in support of an integrated DT/OT and modeling and simulation strategy. Multi-spectral systems and towed decoys present a number of challenging operational test and evaluation limitations, some of which may only be resolvable through the iterative integration of physics-based modeling and simulation with DT/OT events. Establishing and evaluating meaningful operational measures of effectiveness is a significant OT&E challenge for this program. Although the TEMP is not yet approved by DOT&E, the program and early T&E activity are progressing on the schedule outlined in the Navy TEMP.
The Navy has re-baselined the program several times and the resultant IDECM development strategy is a three-phased (Blocks I, II, and III) approach. IDECM Block I is deployed as an interim system consisting of the ALQ-165 Advanced Self-Protection Jammer (ASPJ) and the ALE-50 towed decoy. IDECM Block II, a second interim configuration, replaces the ASPJ with the ALQ-214 (V)2 RFCM (providing on-board jamming capability) and was tested in 2003. IDECM Block III will be the final configuration and will consist of the ALQ-214 (V)2 RFCM and the addition of the ALE-55 FOTD. The IDECM RFCM engineering and manufacturing development contract included the Air Force requirements for a common FOTD and techniques generator. The Air Force selected components of IDECM RFCM for the B-1B Defensive System Upgrade Program (DSUP) and the F-15. In 2002, the Air Force cancelled B-1 DSUP while IDECM was experiencing delays and cost overruns. The Air Force still intends to use portions of the IDECM suite as part of the F-15 electronic warfare suite.
Prior to the Phase block approach, the ALQ-214 and ALE-55 completed a limited Operational Assessment in 2000 and was assessed to be potentially operationally effective and potentially suitable. In FY01, the Navy decided to focus testing on the Block II and wait for Block III, instead of doing them concurrently. The Operational Test and Evaluation Force (OPTEVFOR) will conduct the majority of Block III operational testing in FY05 and FY06. DOTE approved the IDECM Block II Test and Evaluation Master Plan in October 2002.
IDECM EMD Contract Award: 3 Nov 95
SRR: Mar 96
SDR: Jun 96
PDR: Aug 96
CDR: Dec 96
|B-1B DSUP||Oct 96||2Q98||3Q01||2Q02||2Q02|
|Program Office Manning||22||13|
|Military Standards and Specifications Used||40||3|
|Projected Average Unit Price||$35K||$20K|
|Number of Platforms (Applicability)||2||4|
|Projected Program Cost Avoidance||$275M|
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