F-22 Raptor Training System
Boeing developed a total training system for the Air Force to support all F-22 pilot and maintenance training requirements throughout the life cycle of the aircraft.
The F-22 training system features extensive multimedia computer-based training, which are compliant with the Aviation Industry Computer-Based Training Committee (AICC) guidelines and standards. F-22 computer-based training utilizes state-of-the-art training technologies developed for the Boeing 777 commercial airliner.
The efficiency of the F-22 training system development process was enhanced by a direct linkage between the aircraft and training design databases. For example, direct feed of aircraft logistics support analysis (LSA) data into the instructional system design databases reduces learning objective development time.
Direct access to the aircraftt's CATIA (Computer-Aided Three-Dimensional Interactive Application) and COMOK (Computer Mockup) engineering databases significantly reduced graphics development time.
The F-22 academic training environment replaced many traditionally paper-based training materials with electronic delivery of courseware in multimedia equipped classrooms.
The F-22 training system also features 12 training devices to support hands-on learning objectives. These include three pilot and nine maintenance training devices. The development contracts for these devices were awarded to Hughes Training Systems of Arlington, Texas and USM of Houston, Texas.
The F-22 training system operational and support functions are integrated via a Training Management System (TMS) and Training System Support Center (TSSC). The Training Management System provides schedule management, student record keeping, and continuous evaluation of the training system's performance.
The Training System Support Center provides configuration management, a data library, device support, courseware maintenance support and contractor logistics support for all training system elements.
The training system was designed and developed during the Engineering and Manufacturing Development (EMD) phase of the F-22 program. It was established at the Air Force's training sites during the production phase of the program.
Training support for EMD aircraft testing was provided by the interim training team. This team played an instrumental role by providing training materials and instruction to the Air Force and contractor test pilots, aircraft maintainers, and test engineers.
Hughes Training Systems provided the three pilot training system devices (full-mission trainer (FMT), weapons and tactics training (WTT), and aircraft egress procedures trainer (EPT)) and the so-called 'complex' maintenance training devices (seat and canopy trainer, armament trainer, base-level forward fuselage trainer, engine Line-Replaceable Unit (LRU) trainer, the landing gear trainer, the cockpit and forward fuselage trainer, and the aft fuselage trainer.
USM provided the so-called 'simple' maintenance training devices, the fuel system trainer and the on-equipment structures trainer.
Full-mission trainersh allow the pilot to practice the entire mission from engine start-up to engine shut down. The FSM features a high resolution, full 360-degree visual system, and is not motion based.
The FMT supports formation flight training, air refueling, takeoff and landing, emergency procedures, and visual-range combat.
The weapons and tactics trainers allow the pilot to practice weapons employment and combat tactics only in a desktop environment. The WTTs are less complex than the FMT, as the pilot is only able to fly a portion of the mission. The WTTs have a throttle and stick, a limited visual system, and a PC-type computer to operate the scenarios.
Pilots can practice individual and flight weapons employment. The system can also be used the WTT for mission planning.
The egress procedures trainers allow the pilots to practice cockpit safety procedures and ejection seat inspections. In addition, the pilots aree able to practice ejection and canopy separation procedures.
A majority of the maintenance training system devices are located at the resident training center, the 'schoolhouse' that provides initial skills training for new maintainers.
The seat and canopy trainer, is used to train personnel for on-aircraft maintenance of the ACES II ejection seat and canopy functionality and hardware.
The fuel system trainer trains maintainers for fuel/defuel operations and upkeep of the aircraft's eight fuel tanks and plumbing. The single aft fuselage trainer is used to train for the engine-related systems and those pertaining to the aircraft's flight control surfaces.
As the landing gear and armament systems are those that the maintainer would be working with almost on a daily basis in the field, 14 landing gear trainers and seven armament system trainers were ordered, so that more people can be trained at one time. These devices are all located at the resident training center.
The 10 base-level engine LRU trainers and the nine forward fuselage trainers are located at the bases where the F-22 is operational.
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