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Corinto Expedition Nicaragua 02 May 1896 04 May 1896

The Tennessee adventurer, William Walker, was a spec tacular figure in the Nicaraguan scene from about l855 to the date of his death in l860. After thirty years of Con servative control, during which the capital was permanently located at Managua, Jose 8antos Zelaya, in l893, began a sixteen years dictatorship. His regime was characterized by brazen speculations, and by mischievoue intrigue in the political affairs of other Latin American nations. The first term of Zelaya as president expired in 1896, but he forced his re-election, and continued his regime as virtual dictator. This caused a great deal of dissension there being more than the unusual unrest among the people, and agitation between the different factions - which result ed in foreigners being again endangered. On this occasion the threatened area was that of Corinto.

The British abandoned the last shreds of their Mosquito protectorate, and when a revolt broke out in western Nicaragua during 1896, the United States landed marines at Corinto on Zelaya's invitation, protected property, and returned the port. A British naval force took possession of the city and port of Corinto, 1896, in satisfaction of damages done to British interests and insult to a British acting consul. Security was given for the payment of the claim and the British force was withdrawn.

The British government had a representative present in the person of the commander of HMS Cormus, and the United States was represented by Commander Franklin Hanford, in the Alert. The Nicaraguan commandant requested the Ameri can Consul, Henry Palazio, to cause an American landing force to be sent ashore, as he was unable to furnish protection to foreigners with the forces at his disposal. The Consul com municated this request to Commander Hanford, who acquiesced by sending l5 Marines, under First Sergeant Frederick W. M. Poppe, and l9 sailors, all under the command of Lieutenant Albert W. Dodd. This force landed about 3 o'clock in the afternoon of May 3nd, and remained ashore until the morning of the 4th, when withdrawn. The British vessel also had a landing party ashore at this time,



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