Anakonda / Anaconda
Anakonda is a Polish Operational Command led, USAREUR supported exercise designed to conduct multinational training with NATO and partner nations. USAREUR participation in this exercise directly supports building theater security cooperation objectives. U.S. Army Europe multinational exercises ensure interoperability with our current, and potential, coalition partners, and for working out possible mission command issues including computer network and communications interoperability. Anakonda is a command post exercise/computer training exercise conducted in Ustka and Drawsko Pomorski Training Area, Poland.
Approximately 12,500 troops from Poland, Canada, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Great Britain and the United States participated in this multi-national exercise, held from 24th September to 3rd October in Poland.
Military training exercise entitled “Anakonda-12” was conducted on the territory of Poland from 17 to 27 September 2012. The military exercise “Anakonda-12” was voluntarily notified to the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe by Poland in November 2011 as a major exercise in 2012 below the threshold (notification number CBM/PL/11/0049/F30/O). The training exercise was organized in accordance with the Training Plan for the Polish Armed Forces for the year 2012 and was not directed against any third country. The exercise’s scenario, which was set in a fictitious country named Vislandia, envisaged an emerging crisis and featured a number of military actions as responses thereto.
The main goal of the exercise was to confirm the readiness of headquarters, commands, staffs and troops with regard to planning and conducting defensive operations with the support/participation of allied forces. The troops carried out their practical training tasks at the DRAWSKO, ORZYSZ and USTKA training facilities, and also at the coastal training areas belonging to the Polish Navy. Two briefings for the military attachés accredited to Poland were given by the commander of the exercise, on 26 and 27 September.
The main part of the exercise was divided into two phases. Phase I (20–24 September): During this phase the national defence activities were conducted with the use of troops in their operational areas of responsibility, the main task being to create appropriate conditions for counter-attack involving allied troops; Phase II (25–27 September): During this phase a counter-attack-type activity by national and allied forces took place, with the aim of restoring the pre-conflict status quo, including the State borders.
The practical part of the exercise “Anakonda-12” involved the following Polish units and subunits. From the Land Forces: Subunits of the 2nd Mechanized Corps, 11th Armoured Cavalry Division, 10th Armoured Cavalry Brigade and 2nd Mechanized Brigade, 15th Mechanized Brigade, 17th Mechanized Brigade, 21st Podhale Riflemen Brigade, 7th Coastal Defence Brigade; From the Air Force: 1st and 2nd Tactical Air Wing, 3rd Transportation Air Wing; From the Polish Navy: Contingents belonging to the 3rd and 8th Flotillas; From the Special Forces: The units “FORMOZA”, “AGAT” and “NIL”.
A number of foreign troops participated in the exercise, from the U.S. Army’s 18th Military Police Brigade and from the Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group and Multinational Corps Northeast. The total numbers of military personnel and major military equipment involved in the exercise were: 8,859 soldiers, 64 battle tanks, 162 armored combat vehicles (ACVs), 63 artillery pieces, 18 warships and cutters and 37 air sorties.
Two-week military exercises known as Anaconda 14 involved around 12,500 troops from Poland, Lithuania, Estonia, Hungary, Czech Republic, Netherlands, UK and US. US troops from the Illinois National Guard's 33rd Infantry Brigade Combat Team arrived in Orsyz, north east Poland on 24 September to take part in the exercises, which will include 120 armoured personnel carriers, 50 rocket launchers, 17 vessels, including submarines, plus 25 aircraft, including helicopters, fighters and multi-purpose aircraft, according to the PAP news agency. This year's bi-annual exercises will be the largest ever staged in Poland, according to defence minister Tomasz Siemoniak, and carry special significance in the shadow of the conflict in Ukraine.
Anaconda 2016 was the biggest NATO exercise ever executed in Poland. On June 07, 2016 Poland and more than 20 NATO member states begin the largest post-Cold War NATO military training exercise as part of efforts to reassure central and eastern European countries concerned by Russia's actions in nearby Ukraine. The Poland-led, 10-day, Anakonda-16 exercises involved 31,000 troops, 3,000 vehicles, 105 aircraft and 12 Navy ships. The Kremlin formally denounced the exercises, saying they do not contribute to an atmosphere of trust and security on the continent.
U.S. Army Col. Phil Brooks, commander of the 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division, thanked his Polish hosts for inviting them to participate in the exercise while stressing Poland's importance in the collective defense of Europe. "Poland continues to be a key ally for the United States, and the U.S. Army's participation in this exercise is just one example of our continued commitment to the government and people of Poland," said Brooks. "The fact that more than 20 countries are participating in this exercise demonstrates the value Poland brings to the NATO Alliance and our partners throughout Europe."
Polish Brig. Gen. Dariusz Gorniak, the commander of the Polish 10th Mechanized Brigade and the Land Forces Commander at Drawsko Pomorskie for Anakonda 16, said the exercise allows units to build interoperability while strengthening their collective defense. "[Anakonda] provides participating companies the opportunity to focus on the ability to operate together and defend against any threat to their security," said Gorniak. "The exercise is a chance to assure allies and partners of strength and commitment."
The majority of 1st Brigade will be training at Drowsko Pomorskie throughout Anakonda, with 1st Battalion, 64th Armor Regiment training at Zagan Training Area and 5th Squadron, 7th Cavalry Regiment training at Orsycz Training Area falling under Polish brigades. At Drawsko Pomorskie, soldiers from Albania, Bulgaria, Lithuania, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Poland, Romania, and Sweden will be training underneath the 1st Brigade along with National Guard and U.S. Army Reserve Soldiers from five states.
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