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TA.1 Positive Trend 1: Use of GPS

  1. The precision lightweight GPS receiver (PLGR) is capable of determining position on the ground to within 10 meters +/- circular probable error for horizontal distances and 10 meters probable error for vertical distances.
  2. Units then use backup computer systems (BUCS) with either the FC Revision 1 (REV1) or the survey REV 1 chip to conduct a hasty astro sighting to establish a secondary means of directional control independent of any other station.
RESULT: this method provides an accuracy of 2 mils +/-.
NOTE: while this technique meets the accurate unit location requirement for accurate predicted fires (APF), units using this method will not be on common survey extended from an SCP.


TA.2 Positive Trend 1: Observers to support deep operations

  1. The current MTOE change to include six COLTs in heavy brigades allows brigades the flexibility to employ trained observers throughout the depth of the battlefield.
  2. Brigades have the flexibility to echelon observers into the fight, providing for continuous coverage
  3. Thoroughly brief and rehearse teams prior to insertion; debrief and refit concurrently.
  4. To handle increased command and control requirements, many units have created a platoon headquarters "out of hide" to assist with command and control of deployed teams.


TA.4 Positive Trend 1: Command posts locations and operations

  1. Plan and execute command post locations, and include movements in the wargame process.
  2. Focus on appropriate division of work between the TOC, TAC and command group during the battle.
  3. Actively monitor brigade command net, administration/logistics net, and TF nets.
  4. Track friendly and enemy combat forces.
  5. Integrate NCOs and enlisted members into rear command post (RCP) operations fully
    - monitor radios and track battle
    - officers analyze information and make CSS recommendations to Main CP and FSB TOC.
  6. Improve tracking of CSS units.
  7. CSS units, submit graphic overlays to RCP with both current and proposed locations of CSS assets.

TA.4 Positive Trend 2: Engineer Battalion OPORDS and CSS integration

  1. Continue integrating the S-1 and S-4 in the Engineer battalion planning process.
  2. Provide clear, concise detail on CSS in company operations orders (OPORDs), even at the expense of redundancy with brigade/TF OPORD.
  3. FRAGO any changes to companies immediately.

TA.4 Positive Trend 3: Forward Support Battalion TOC operations

FSBs continue to train TOC and BSA alternate TOC operations with emphasis on battle tracking.

TA.4 Positive Trend 4: Risk assessment

Units should continue conducting assessments for safety, fratricide prevention and tactical risk during planning and preparation. NOTE: Units need to improve in the development of risk reduction/control measures and communicating both risks and controls to subordinate elements.

TA.4 Positive Trend 5: Adherence to the 1/3 - 2/3 planning rule

  1. Engineer companies.
    - After the task force (TF) COA decision brief, engineers have sufficient information to issue orders to engineer platoons task-organized to maneuver company/teams. This early task organization assists platoon leaders participation in the company/team planning process, orders issue and rehearsals.
    - After the TF operations order (OPORD) is issued, the engineer commander then develops his refined IPB, scheme of maneuver/fires, and company CSS plan; he then issues his OPORD.
    NOTE: Engineer commanders still need to improve the level of detail in scheme of maneuver/fires and actions on contact.
  2. Company/team commanders.
    - Issue all OPORDs either early in the morning or late at night.
    - Use warning orders (WARNOs) to help increase the amount of time the platoons have to prepare.
    - Get out as much information as early as possible instead of waiting for full-blown OPORDs.

TA.4 Positive Trend 6: Communications center node jumps

  1. Rotational signal units should plan and execute three node jumps during their rotation.
  2. Signal battalion S-3 and brigade signal officer should continue coordination to allow early integration of RAU and relay team movements in the brigade planning process.

TA.4 Positive Trend 7: FA Battalion technical rehearsals

  1. Continue to refine the rehearsal process by formalizing it in unit SOPs.
  2. Implement technical rehearsals into Home Station training.
  3. Arrive at rehearsal with FSCOORD-approved rehearsal checklist. The checklist generally has all the required tasks identified to meet the minimum requirements for a successful rehearsal.


TA.5 Positive Trend 1: S-2 terrain analysis

  1. More accurate Modified Combined Obstacle Overlay (MCOO) result in more accurate depictions of enemy avenues of approach into sectors/zones.
  2. Improved identification of:
    - enemy kill sacks
    - potential friendly engagement areas
    - defensible terrain
    - specific potential system and equipment locations
  3. Better use of TERRA BASE products, and 1:24000 scale maps.
  4. Improved coordination with supporting elements, such as engineers.
TA.5 Positive Trend 2: Use of TERRA BASE program
  1. Use the program at Home Station to develop and sustain proficiency.
  2. Prior to rotation, units should develop a standard reference file of terrain analysis products:
    - friendly and enemy maneuver
    - line of sight for retransmission (RETRANS)
    - analysis of enemy battle positions

TA.5 Positive Trend 3: Understanding the IPB process

Continue training S-2s in the IPB process for continued familiarity with the logical flow of templates, i.e., doctrinal to situational, and the uses of each.


TA.6 Positive Trend 1: Decontamination operations

Augmentation and support for decon operations is critical. Rarely were specific elements, such as MPs, engineer, or medical tasked to reinforce decon operations with personnel and equipment. They key to particularly successful decon operations is the proper augmentation and support provided by the brigade staff and the contaminated unit.


TA.7 Positive Trend 1: Unit Ministry Team (UMT)/religious support

  1. Battalion level chaplains are motivated to learn and willing to be a part of the team. This is a major step forward and should be an area the branch aggressively strives to attain.
  2. Select aggressive brigade chaplains and NCOs who want to be prepared to perform their wartime mission. Put the best NCOs in brigade level spots and make it reflect in their NCOERs that they are in the position because they are the best.
  3. Improved understanding of the basic elements of the orders process is the direct result of supervisory chaplains aggressively using AARs and "lessons learned" from other brigades to create positive change.
  4. Train-ups should incorporate lessons learned from previous rotations.
  5. Continue to emphasize chaplains' physical fitness and common soldier skill proficiency to improve individual readiness.
  6. Brigade Unit Ministry Teams (UMTs) are including their slice element UMTs in the training. This facilitates comprehensive support throughout the brigade's area of responsibility.
  7. Continue to place emphasis on training "go to war" skills.
  8. Conduct "before engagement" ministry during the onward movement phase of brigade operations following the "Nurture the Living" techniques described in FM 16-1.
  9. The use of religious preference profiles highlight the requirements of minority faith groups. This ensures their needs, particularly during high holy days, are met.
  10. A majority of UMTs have been issued radios. Some UMTs deploy equipped with SINCGARS, which works even better.

TA.7 Positive Trend 2: MICLIC maintenance and operation

Improved MICLIC maintenance and operation is the result of operators using the Technical Manual (TM) and being more familiar with the system, and leaders putting more emphasis on proper maintenance and operation.

Table of Contents
Section II: P - Positive Performance, Part 2
Section II: N - Needs Emphasis

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One Billion Americans: The Case for Thinking Bigger - by Matthew Yglesias