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Positive Performance

1.1.1 Position/Reposition Forces (Units and Equipment)

* Soldier Load [Battalion Maneuver]: Leaders are doing an outstanding job of managing soldier load. Soldiers do not carry rucksacks during most missions.

RESULT: unencumbered by heavy loads, soldiers move quicker, cover more terrain and are better able to fix and finish an enemy force on contact.


1. Cache rucks in patrol bases.

2. Make use of butt packs or assault packs.

3. Use one ruck per squad with essential cold weather gear for the squad.

4. Conduct pre­combat inspections to enforce load discipline. Move Through Air

* Aviation Responsiveness [Aviation]: Aviation task forces routinely demonstrate a superior ability to react to change. From major last minute changes on battalion­sized air assaults to "911" hasty attacks, aviation task forces accomplish the mission.


1. Good SOPs that are read and understood by all aviation personnel enable these units to successfully react.

2. Write SOPs which specify the minimum information and planning required to execute potential mission changes.

3. Conduct Home Station battle drill training to develop companies and teams capable of successfully executing mission changes with minimal planning time.

1.2 Engage Enemy

* Reaction to Contact Battle Drill [Battalion Maneuver]: on contact, soldiers rapidly develop the situation, and quickly execute the battle drill in the absence of orders from leaders.


1. Good, sound squad and platoon movement techniques facilitate the transition to battle drills.

2. Leaders must constantly analyze the terrain and the enemy situation during movement and anticipate contact.

3. Battle drills must become second nature and well rehearsed; reaction must be instantaneous. Hesitancy will get soldiers killed.

Need Emphasis

1.1.1 Position/Reposition Forces (Units and Equipment)

* Land Navigation, Use of GPS [Battalion Maneuver]: Most units are overly dependent upon GPS for navigation, and have lost map reading and terrain association skills.


1. Use GPS to confirm a position, not as the principle means for navigation.

2. Practice land navigation at Home Station: conduct orienteering meets and soldier skill stakes that reinforce land navigation skills.

3. When using GPS: ­ cover up the plugger when checking grids at night; the back light creates a signature that can be clearly seen for several hundred meters.

4. The FSO is the GPS usage exception; he should continuously track his position to facilitate accurate calls for fire.

1.2.2 Conduct Close Combat

* Fratricide [Battalion Maneuver]: fratricide continues to be a problem.


1. Inadequate battle tracking.

2. Target identification.

3. Graphic control measures.

4. Coordination between units.


l. Battalions must be proactive in battle tracking and keeping subordinate units informed.

2. Leaders must enforce fire control and fire discipline.

3. Targets must be clearly identified before they are engaged.

4. Develop simple plans, with clear and concise graphics.

5. Include counter­fratricide measures in the TACSOP, and rehearse using them.

6. Practice unit crosstalk during Home Station Training, ie. during FTXs, etc.

7. For Low Intensity Conflict missions, use the anti­fratricide matrix during search and attack missions.

8. References: ­ FMs 7­8, Chapter 2; 7­10, Chapters 3­5; 7­20, Chapters 3,4. ­ CALL Newsletter 92­3, Fratricide: Risk Assessment for Company Leadership. ­ CALL Newsletter 92­4, Fratricide: Reducing Self Inflicted Losses.

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