The Largest Security-Cleared Career Network for Defense and Intelligence Jobs - JOIN NOW

Military

COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT BOS


Positive Performance

TREND 1: Unit Operational Readiness (OR) Rate

SUSTAIN:

1. OR rate of 90% (M1s), 90-100% (M2s).

2. Continually improved PMCS.

(TA.7.3.2 Fix/Maintain Equipment)


TREND 2: The unit ministry team (UMT) and battalion CSM are key advisors to the battalion commander.

SUSTAIN:

1. CSM personally welcomed the newly-arrived UMT.

2. CSM aware of the critical role CSM and UMT play as special advisors to the commander.

Techniques:

1. CSM and UMT cross-talk their predeployment concerns for soldier family care.

2. Mutually plan for family support group sustainment.

3. Coordinate common priorities for soldier care.

(TA.7.4.3.4 Perform Chaplaincy Activities)


TREND 3: UMT focuses primarily on individual soldier care issues.

SUSTAIN:

1. Coordinated shower runs for soldiers.

2. Planned soldier sustainment.

Techniques:

1. UMT should focus on predeployment concerns among soldiers.

2. Coordinate efforts at Home Station with installation and family life chaplains.

(TA.7.4.3.4 Perform Chaplaincy Activities)


TREND 4: Division chaplain has a plan for UMT training and sustainment.

SUSTAIN: Division and battalion chaplains coordinated on the planning for the current rotation.

Technique: Division and battalion chaplains should conduct a post-deployment AAR to capture issues raised regarding support and sustainment of deployed UMT.

(TA.7.4.3.4 Perform Chaplaincy Activities)


TREND 5: CASEVAC

SUSTAIN:

1. The team exhibited constant improvement during the operation.

2. In many instances the team developed its own CASEVAC plan in the absence of a TF plan.

Techniques:

1. Continue to develop the CASEVAC plan. Incorporate it into the TACSOP.

2. Tailor each plan to meet the requirements of the specific mission.

3. Be sure to provide appropriate graphics.

(TA.7.4.4.2 Evacuate Casualties)


TREND 6: CASEVAC

SUSTAIN: Use of nonstandard evacuation platforms was exceptional.

(TA.7.4.4.2 Evacuate Casualties)


TREND 7: Conducting Unit Resupply

SUSTAIN:

1. Resupply operations are flawless.

2. XO and 1SG have a good working relationship.

3. Adheres to SOPs.

4. Information collection facilitates reconstitution.

5. 1SG is the workhorse behind the resupply operation.

Technique: Continue to mentor company XO.

(TA.7.5.2 Supply)


TREND 8: Unit Resupply

SUSTAIN:

1. Sufficient stocks of Class III, IV, and V to support TF.

2. Solid plan for follow-on support.

(TA.7.5.2 Supply)


Needs Emphasis

TREND 1: The medical platoon leader is not involved in the planning and writing of the health service support (HSS) plan. See TA 4.4.5, Synchronize Tactical Operations.

(TA.7.0 Combat Service Support)


TREND 2: Inadequate support for nonorganic units. CSS planning for nonorganic assets lacks detail.

PROBLEMS:

1. There are frequently no battle rosters for nonorganic personnel.

2. Time/distance preclude DS units from obtaining CSS from their parent units.

3. TF CSS resources are consumed by small groups of users which are attached, OPCON, or DS who bring no CSS assets to augment the TF CSS element.

Techniques:

1. Specify in the OPORD exactly which TF units will support which nonorganic assets. Listing the task organization and command relationships is not enough.

2. Always conduct CSS rehearsals.

(TA.7.0 Combat Service Support)


TREND 3: Battalions are not prepared to conduct extended cold weather operations.

PROBLEMS:

1. Improper/inadequate cold weather equipment.

2. Inadequate maintenance on tracked vehicle heaters.

3. Insufficient PLL.

4. Lack of a maintenance plan.

Techniques:

1. Ensure sufficient tentage and stoves are on-hand to ensure the welfare of all soldiers.

2. Make sure tents and tent stoves are properly erected and used.

3. Adjust and validate existing load plans to accommodate tentage, stoves, and other cold weather equipment.

4. Train soldiers and discipline them to use tent stoves safely.

5. Fix broken tracked vehicle heaters. Establish a system to track heater status.

6. Maintain float heaters on-hand at battalion level to facilitate rapid exchange of broken heaters.

7. Designate and train an organizational mechanic as a heater repairman.

8. Maintain a small but adequate heater PLL at battalion level.

(TA.7.0 Combat Service Support)


TREND 4: Lodgment areas should integrate CSS for all resident elements.

PROBLEMS:

1. Units request supplies through their own supply channels.

2. Multiple resupply convoys for the same lodgment areas.

3. Lack of asset visibility.

RESULTS:

1. Multiple LOGPACS and resupply lifts.

2. Increased risk in a possibly hostile environment with a restricted road network.

3. No consolidation of requirements nor cross-leveled supplies.

4. Units run out of supplies although they were available in the lodgment areas.

Techniques:

1. Establish a single logistics manager for each lodgment area. Recommend the TF HHC commander perform this duty.

2. Organize all available organic, attached, and DS CSS personnel and equipment to operate under the logistics manager's supervision.

  • Minimize movement of CSS assets by maximizing consolidation and control.

  • Conduct a single resupply convoy daily from BSA to the lodgment area and a single TF convoy to company lodgments.

  • Establish mutually supporting Class IX and maintenance systems for all occupants and their systems, including ULLS access.

  • Consolidate and allocate resources, as required, to accomplish the commander's intent.

  • Maintain liaison with the FSB/BCT ALOC through the BCT A/L net, and coordinate all movements, resupply, and requirements with the FSB support operations officer.

  • Conduct daily logistics meetings with lodgment units to ensure timely forecasting and synchronization of resupply while coordinating total requirements with the TF S-4.

  • Coordinate the resupply of company lodgments as required, including security movement and preconfigured company LOGPACs.

  • Maintain accurate on-hand status for all commodities.

  • Maintain accountability and supply discipline.

(TA.7.0 Combat Service Support)


TREND 5: Procedures and Policies - Field Trains

PROBLEMS:

1. Uncertainty regarding responsibility.

2. Unclear procedures.

Techniques:

1. Develop clear field train SOP which describes duties and responsibilities for key personnel.

2. Review unit maintenance SOPs to ensure they capture procedures unique to the assigned mission.

(TA.7.0 Combat Service Support)


TREND 6: FIST-V and Related Equipment Maintenance

PROBLEMS:

1. All FIST-Vs nonmission-capable at times.

2. Standard equipment missing or broken.

RESULT: Unwarranted changes in TF plan.

Technique: Emphasize FIST-V maintenance, PPCs, and standard load plans across the TF.

(TA 7.3.2 Fix/Maintain Equipment)


TREND 7: Considerable basic load deployment shortfalls.

PROBLEM: UMT lacked maps, graphics, radio, religious literature, SOP, etc.

RESULT: UMT had to borrow basic survival equipment for the operation.

Technique: Immediately develop a working SOP. Incorporate lessons learned from current operations.

(TA.7.4.3.4 Perform Chaplaincy Activities)


TREND 8: Procedures for handling the media vary greatly across the brigade sector.

PROBLEM: Procedures for handling the media in the AOR frequently differ from one unit to another.

Techniques:

1. Standardize media-handling procedures throughout the sector.

2. Allow media representatives the same access as the general public.

3. Ensure that checkpoints report the presence of media, their names, and agencies.

4. Escort media from one checkpoint to another when feasible. It is a good technique to maintain control and to give an opportunity to tell the unit's story.

(TA.7.4.3.5 Provide Public Affairs Services)


TREND 9: Difficulty establishing command and control at the mass casualty location.

PROBLEMS:

1. Unit TACSOPs often do not delineate responsibility for C2at the site.

2. Medics and combat lifesavers frequently misutilized.

3. Failure to designate and train site OIC/NCOICs.

RESULT: Medically trained personnel waste time performing administrative tasks.

Techniques:

1. Develop unit TACSOPs that contain mass casualty procedures delineating responsibility for C2at the site.

2. Ensure that medics and combat lifesavers are utilized to render first-aid and perform triage.

3. Use less medically skilled personnel as litter bearers.

4. Designate site OIC/NCOICs. Train them to respond to mass casualty emergencies.

(TA.7.4.4 Provide Health Services)


TREND 10: Units do not plan for or use far-forward care IAW FM 8-10-4.

PROBLEMS: Task force too often fails to plan and execute far-forward care during the battle. Instead, TF initiates CASEVAC following change of mission.

RESULT: Increased number of died of wounds (DOW).

Technique:

1. Increase survivability by planning, rehearsing, and executing far-forward care.

2. Reference: FM 8-10-4.

(TA.7.4.4.1 Provide Medical Treatment)


TREND 11: Use of nonmedical vehicles for casualty transportation and medical evacuation.

PROBLEM: The use of nonmedical vehicles for casualty transportation and medical evacuation is seldom planned and exercised.

Techniques:

1. Plan for and exercise nonstandard medical evacuation as part of CSS planning, rehearsal, and execution.

2. Identify the vehicles, drivers, and medical personnel or combat lifesavers who will accompany the casualties.

3. Consider all available ground vehicles for augmenting medical evacuation assets.

4. Do not wait for a mass casualty situation to occur. Coordinate the release of the assets (and when the tactical situation permits, rehearse them) beforehand.

5. Reference: FM 8-10-6.

(TA.7.4.4.2 Evacuate Casualties)


TREND 12: Battalions are generally not prepared to conduct adequate field sanitation operations during extended deployments.

PROBLEMS:

1. Soldier hygiene is often inadequate.

2. Plans for dealing with human waste are haphazard or nonexistent.

3. No handwashing facilities at latrines and dining sites.

4. Field feeding operations are not conducted to standard.

Techniques:

1. Plan for field sanitation.

2. Acquire the raw materials needed to construct adequate slit trenches, soakage pits, and incinerators. Include them in unit load plans.

3. Inspect field sanitation kits.

4. Ensure required supplies are on-hand, used, and replenished.

5. Train soldiers in field sanitation. Establish the proper standard and enforce it.

6. Train and employ the field sanitation team. Empower the team to make corrections.

7. Teach leaders what a proper field feeding operation looks like and enforce the standard.

8. Get the physician's assistant involved.

(TA.7.4.4.3 Provide Preventative Medicine)


TREND 13: Unit supply distribution systems not flexible enough to meet the needs of the unit.

PROBLEM: Supply point distribution is frequently not sufficiently responsive to assure continued support in all conditions.

Techniques:

1. Deploy with sufficient initial stockages to sustain until supply lines are established.

2. Use supply point distribution during the build-up/creation until secure bases are established.

3. Execute forward stockages of supplies as the preferable long-term condition. Gives the unit flexibility and freedom to operate without constant concern over day-to-day LOC security and condition.

(TA. 7.5 Distribute)


TREND 14: Internal distribution and prioritization of Class IV stocks inadequate.

PROBLEMS:

1. Precludes conducting the full range of field services (e.g., latrine construction).

2. Initial stockage of Class IV material, particularly plywood and 2x4s, frequently exceed shipping capability.

Techniques:

1. Establish a total Class IV requirement for stability operations.

2. Include material for all slice/attached OPCON units.

3. Determine checkpoint, sign, latrine, fighting position, and living area requirements.

4. Plan for local procurement and establish contracting officers at company lodgment level.

5. Include Class IV requirements in overall resupply operations.

(TA.7.5.2 Supply)


TREND 15: LOGPAC Operations

PROBLEMS:

1. Support platoon not conducting doctrinal LOGPAC operations.

2. Support platoon assets permanently attached to company/teams.

3. Restrictive internal policy for TCs on HEMMETs.

4. LOGPACS not tailored to support each company's specific needs.

RESULTS:

1. Class III/IV support reactionary vice anticipatory.

2. Support platoon leader lost C2of assets.

  • Impeded response to last-minute taskings.

  • Sporadic support to TF.

3. Mismanagement of assets and personnel.

Techniques:

1. Train on the tasks, conditions, and standards set forth in the mission training plan (ARTEP manual) for the support platoon.

2. Read, understand, and comply with unit TACSOP.

3. Consider assigning 11-series soldiers as TCs on HEMMETs when 88M-series soldiers are not available.

(TA.7.5.2 Supply)


TREND 16: Processing Deadline Faults

PROBLEM: Faults identified by operators on Form 5988E are not processed.

RESULTS:

1. Parts not ordered.

2. Erroneous status on battalion 2406.

Technique: Follow up to ensure deadline faults are noted on the 2406 and parts are on order.

(TA.7.5.2 Supply)


TREND 17: Centralized Management of Engineers

PROBLEMS:

1. Engineer assets are often idle.

2. Engineer effort frequently piecemealed throughout the TF AOR.

3. Engineer priorities of work seldom synchronized with the TF priority of work/effort.

4. TF often loses visibility of engineer assets and their status.

RESULTS:

1. TF remains vulnerable while survivability assets lay idle.

2. Sustainment of engineers in direct support of the maneuver unit must be monitored by the supported unit to get maximum effort and efficiency.

Techniques:

1. Treat the engineer effort as if it were a daily preparation of the defense in HHC.

2. Do not piecemeal the effort; assign teams of engineers to complete entire projects before they move on to the next site; weight the main effort.

3. Assign a "CINC engineer"' within each company/team who tracks all digging and mine clearing.

4. Conduct a positive hand-over of assets from company to company by the XO.

5. Develop a system in the TOC to track route clearance and engineer effort for checkpoints, observation posts, lodgment areas, survivability positions, etc.

6. Review and update the daily priority of effort and work. Synchronize the delivery of Class IV to the sites. Ideally, when the engineers arrive, the right amounts of Class IV are on-hand and ready for construction.

7. Place command emphasis on all classes of supply and maintenance for the TF priority of support to engineers.

8. Monitor status of critical assets (rollers, plows, ACEs, SEEs, CEVs, etc.) in the TOC.

(TA.7.6 Provide Sustainment Engineering)


TREND 18: Prepare LZ/PZ. Units frequently do not plan and prepare LZ/PZ at lodgment areas, checkpoints, observation posts, and other areas of troop concentration.

PROBLEMS:

1. Stability operations result in groups of soldiers scattered throughout the AOR.

2. Roads to these potential "firebases" can be cut off by enemy action or weather.

RESULTS:

1. Soldiers become isolated.

2. Rapid resupply, insertion of forces, and evacuation of personnel is difficult.

Techniques:

1. Always plan for and designate LZ/PZs.

2. Train and equip soldiers for LZ/PZ operations. Pay particular attention to marking, communications, and security at the sites.

(TA.7.6.2 Perform LOC Sustainment)


btn_tabl.gif 1.18 K
btn_prev.gif 1.18 KMobility/Survivability BOS
btn_next.gif 1.17 KCommand and Control BOS



NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list


One Billion Americans: The Case for Thinking Bigger - by Matthew Yglesias