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Live Fire/Miles Drills


1. Select two - three drills to emphasize; continue emphasis into ISB and through combat operations.

2. Conduct thorough (re)training of leaders before beginning any collective training.

3. Collective training:

Crawl stage:
1. Begin with walk throughs in close-in training areas (CITAs).

Walk stage:
1. Continue in CITAs with MILES execution against MILES enemy OR with replicated sound/sight cue.
2. At JRTC, treat all MILES-rigged weapons as if they were live, i.e.,don't practice MILES shooting in the ISB at soldiers wearing their MILES harness; those soldiers "hit" will be considered casualties.
3. Emphasize the basics of individual movement techniques: crawling and rushing are BOTH important in executing rifle squad drills.
4. Using MILES, require soldiers to achieve three out of four hits at 200 meters day and 100 meters night.
--mount and use PAQ4s.
--include FOs in all drill training.
--integrate 60-mm mortar drills into rifle and platoon drills.

Run stage:
1. Live Fire Exercise (LFX) range: use a range that provides computerized feedback or ensures you can count bullet holes in targets at the end of each LFX for use in AARs.
2. Revisit crawl and walk stages at the range (to include the use of MILES) before moving to LFX at full speed.
3. If using a Multi-Purpose Range Complex (MPRC):
-devote front half to walk-through/MILES stages
-devote a back portion for LFX execution
4. ALWAYS perform an AAR on each level with an emphasis on bullet holes on target in the LFX stage.
5. Look for, and emphasize, the avoidance of three common problems:
-shooting too high
-not using SOSR in breaching drills
-not searching in detail when required to avoid booby traps

4. Rehearsals: treat the crawl and walk-throughs as rehearsals. Take time to ensure junior leaders know how to rehearse--both generically and mission specific. Practice both as a part of live fire and MILES training.

5. Challenge each type of organic unit to focus on two - three drills with training emphasizing execution to standard under conditions that replicate combat as closely as possible. Avoid battle-focused PT execution of drills because of the absence of combat conditions and the absence of an observer to provide a detailed AAR of the drill.

6. Consider running a point man/team competition.

- allow each platoon to enter its best team.
- use MILES and run the force-on-force competition in a local training area.
- incorporate indicators that a point team should detect when moving at the head of a platoon, e.g., ambush, cache, and supply points.
- include actions in reacting to snipers and chance contact.
- if time is available, run a live-fire portion of the competition on a small portion of the MPRC (develop the scenario, etc., two - three weeks in advance with MPRC personnel).

7. If time permits, run live fires in the following order for:

- movement to contact
- attack of a fortified position
- clearing a village
- mounted counterambush

Note: Work hard to incorporate 60-mm mortar support for attack of a fortified position.

8. Run rifle squads through the old time infiltration course. Most range officers can assist in establishing one of these. The primary point of the infiltration course is to permit squads moving in infiltration to hear what direct fire rounds sound like coming closely overhead.

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Command Post (CP) Training



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