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Needs Emphasis

3.1 Process Air Targets

* Task Force understanding of early warning systems: Task Forces generally do not understand the early warning system.


1. Understanding of various air attack warnings is limited, specifically local air defense warnings.
2. Warnings are usually not tied to, nor do they trigger any specified air attack drill.


1. Confusion at the company/team level to what the actual threat is.
2. Overall poor reaction to directed early warning.


1. Unit SOPs should clearly identify air attack drills for Tactical Assembly Areas (TAAs), offensive and defensive operations.

2. The trigger to implement these drills should be based on local air defense warnings (Snowman, Look Out, Dynamite) which more accurately identify the threat to the task force.

3. Reaction to early warnings should be incorporated into Home Station training events.

3.1.1 Select Targets to Attack

*Use of Local Air Defense Warnings (LADWs): Air defense units give evidence of not understanding LADWs.


1. Air defense (AD) units base their states of readiness on the air defense warning (ADW) of the overall area of operations rather than on what it is in their sector.

2. AD teams search and scan for non-existent threats.


1. AD fire units get left behind by the protected unit
2. AD protection not adequate to threat to supported unit.


1. Incorporate explanation and discussion of LADWs in Home Station training.
2. Use forward area air defense (FAAD) command, control, communications, and intelligence (C3I) systems when fielded.

TA.2 Fire Support BOS Narrative
TA.4 Command and Control BOS Narrative

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