Women in ground close combat (GCC) review paperUK Ministry of Defence 19 Dec 2014 -- The aim of the review was to assess the current exclusion of women from ground close combat roles, to identify the benefits and risks of changing this policy and to make recommendations.
Limits in the Seas No. 143 - China: Maritime Claims in the South China SeaUS Department of State - Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs 05 Dec 2014 -- This study analyzes the maritime claims of the People’s Republic of China in the South China Sea, specifically its “dashed-line" claim encircling islands and waters of the South China Sea.
October 2014 Report on Progress Toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan October 2014 -- "This report is the fourteenth in a series of reports required every 180 days through fiscal year 2014 (...) This report is an historical document that covers progress in Afghanistan from April 1 to September 30, 2014, and is divided into seven parts. The executive summary highlights the key developments over the six month reporting period. The next five sections outline the progress of Afghanistan in the following areas: security, Afghan security forces, governance, reconstruction and development, and regional engagement.
Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine - 16 September 2014UN OHCHR 08 Oct 2014 -- "This is the sixth monthly report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Ukraine, based on the work of the United Nations Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine (HRMMU). It covers the period from 18 August to 16 September 2014."
The Interim Report on the Revision of the Guidelines for U.S.-Japan Defense Cooperation Released 08 Oct 2014 -- "The revision of the Guidelines fully accords with both countries’ strategic goals and interests, and will benefit the region and beyond. For the United States, the Guidelines revision aligns with the U.S. whole-of-government rebalance to the Asia-Pacific region. For Japan, the Guidelines revision corresponds to its efforts for the defense of its territory and people and the policy of 'Proactive Contribution to Peace' based on the principle of international cooperation."
The History and Development of the Xinjiang Production and Construction CorpsChina Information Office of the State Council 05 Oct 2014 -- "The Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC) started from scratch 60 years ago. It has since made strenuous efforts to fulfill faithfully the responsibilities the state has entrusted to it to cultivate and guard the border areas. (...) On the 60th anniversary of the founding of the XPCC, we issue this white paper which presents a comprehensive introduction to the history and development of the XPCC, to give the international community a better knowledge of its functions and nature as a social organization, and of XPCC members as a social group."
Report on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict in Iraq: 6 July – 10 September 2014UNAMI / OHCHR Released 02 Oct 2014 -- "This report is published jointly by the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). It covers the period from 6 July to 10 September 2014 (“the reporting period") (...) The conflict between the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) and affiliated forces, on the one hand, and the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and associated armed groups, on the other, continues to take a heavy toll on civilians"
Report: Towards the Next Defence and Security Review: Part Two - NATOHouse of Commons Defence Committee July 2014 -- "Our conclusion is that NATO is currently not well-prepared for a Russian threat against a NATO Member State. A Russian unconventional attack, using asymmetric tactics (the latest term for this is “ambiguous warfare"), designed to slip below NATO’s response threshold, would be particularly difficult to counter. And the challenges, which NATO faces in deterring, or mounting an adequate response to, such an attack poses a fundamental risk to NATO’s credibility."
Report on the Protection of Civilians in the Non International Armed Conflict in Iraq: 5 June – 5 July 2014UNAMI / OHCHR Released 18 Jul Oct 2014 -- "The non-international armed conflict that commenced in Iraq in Anbar governorate in January 2014 and has since spread to other areas of the country since the beginning of June has inflicted untold hardship and suffering on the civilian population with large-scale killings, injuries, and destruction and damage of livelihoods and property. The minimum number of civilians killed in the first six months of 2014 is 5,576, with at least 11,665 wounded. Since the beginning of June 2014, a minimum of 1,531 civilians have been killed and 1,763 have been wounded, and some 1.2 million s people have been internally displaced as a result of the violence – including over 600,000 since the beginning of June alone."
Global Strategic Trends - Out to 2045UK Ministry of Defence 01 Jul 2014 -- "Global Strategic Trends (GST) describes a strategic context for those in the Ministry of Defence (MOD) and wider Government who are involved in developing long-term plans, policies and capabilities. Without a strategic context there is a risk that planners, policy-makers and capability developers may assume a future that adheres to preconceived thoughts and assumptions. As well as providing a strategic context, this fifth edition of GST (GST 5) identifies long-term threats and opportunities, out to 2045. GST does not attempt to predict the future – it cannot. Rather, it describes those phenomena that could have a significant impact on the future and combines these differing perspectives to produce a multifaceted picture of possible outcomes."
The Operation of the HYSY 981 Drilling Rig: Vietnam's Provocation and China's Position 09 Jun 2014 -- On 2 May 2014, a Chinese company's HYSY 981 drilling rig started its drilling operation inside the contiguous zone of China's Xisha Islands (see Annex 1/5 for the locations of operation) for the purpose of oil and gas exploration. With the first phase of the operation completed, the second phase began on 27 May. The two locations of operation are 17 nautical miles from both the Zhongjian Island of China's Xisha Islands and the baseline of the territorial waters of Xisha Islands, yet approximately 133 to 156 nautical miles away from the coast of the Vietnamese mainland.
America – The Arsenal of Sovereignty By Professors Mike Marra and Dr. James Gordon Department of Military Strategy, Planning and Operations, US Army War College May 2014 -- “Arms sales of American products worldwide are breaking new records in terms of total dollars and equipment and training deployed….does this make the world more dangerous, or perhaps more secure and stable? The authors of this essay take the minority position and posit the sale of military articles, if executed under the well-designed oversight of the various agencies and departments in our government, actually help free and sovereign nations defend themselves while providing a comparative advantage to US industry."
White Book on Violations of Human Rights and the Rule of Law in Ukraine (November 2013 — March 2014)Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation April 2014, Released 05 May 2014 -- "This study covers the period from the end of November 2013 to the end of March 2014 and deals with the situation with human rights and the rule of law that emerged in Ukraine as a result of a violent seizure of power and unconstitutional coup.(..) We do not claim to report exhaustively in this White Book all tragic events that took place in Ukraine. Nonetheless, the present list of the most flagrant violations of fundamental international norms of human rights and the rule of law committed in this country, by ultranationalist, neo-Nazi, and extremist forces which have monopolized the Euromaidan protests, far from being exhaustive, gives enough grounds to claim that such violations were widespread. The essential task of this White Book is to focus on facts to which the international community and key international human rights bodies, as well as relevant nongovernmental organizations have not shown proper and impartial attention."
April 2014 Report on Progress Toward Security and Stability in Afghanistan April 2014 -- "This report is submitted consistent with sections 1230 and 1231 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181), as amended. It includes a description of the comprehensive strategy of the United States for security and stability in Afghanistan This report is the thirteenth in a series of reports required every 180 days through fiscal year 2014 (...) The information contained in this report reflects information through March 31, 2014. This is a historical document that covers progress in Afghanistan from October 1, 2013, to March 31, 2014, although some more recent updates of key events are included.
Report on the human rights situation in UkraineUN Office of the High Commisioner for Human Rights 15 Apr 2014 -- "In Crimea, a number of concerns relating to human rights could be observed before and during the 16 March referendum. On 27 March, the General Assembly in paragraph 5 of resolution 68/262 concluded that the referendum “had no validity". In addition to this, the presence of paramilitary and so called self-defence groups as well as soldiers in uniform without insignia, widely believed to be from the Russian Federation, was not conducive to an environment in which voters could freely exercise their right to hold opinions and the right to freedom of expression. There have also been credible allegations of harassment, arbitrary arrest, and torture targeting activists and journalists who did not support the referendum." [MS Word]
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, Ben EmmersonUN Human Rights Council 28 Feb 2014 -- This is the third annual report submitted to the Human Rights Council by the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, Ben Emmerson. In chapter II of the report, the Special Rapporteur lists his key activities undertaken from 10 January to 16 December 2013. In the main report, contained in chapter III, the Special Rapporteur examines the use of remotely piloted aircraft, or drones, in extraterritorial lethal counter-terrorism operations, including in the context of asymmetrical armed conflict, and allegations that the increasing use of remotely piloted aircraft, or drones, has caused disproportionate civilian casualties, and makes recommendations to States. This report constitutes the continuation of the Special Rapporteur’s interim report on the use of drones to the General Assembly (A/68/389).
Annual Report to Congress: Military and Security Developments involving the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 2013US Department of Defense Released 05 Mar 2014 -- Section 1236 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012, Public Law 112-81, as amended by Section 1292 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, provides that the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report “in both classified and unclassified form, on the current and future military power of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea" (DPRK). The report shall address an assessment of the security situation on the Korean Peninsula, the goals and factors shaping North Korean security strategy and military strategy, trends in North Korean security, an assessment of North Korea’s regional security objectives, including an assessment of the North Korean military’s capabilities, developments in North Korean military doctrine and training, an assessment of North Korea’s proliferation activities, and other military security developments.