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Annual Report to Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the Peoples Republic of China 2012 - Cover

Annual Report to Congress:
Military and Security Developments Involving the Peoples Republic of China 2012


Appendix 4. Maps And Charts


Figure 1: Sovereignty Claims in the South China Sea.
Figure 1: Sovereignty Claims in the South China Sea.

Figure 2: Disposition of PLA Forces in the Nanjing Military Region.
Figure 2: Disposition of PLA Forces in the Nanjing Military Region.

Figure 3: Taiwan Strait SAM and SRBM Coverage
Figure 3: Taiwan Strait SAM and SRBM Coverage. This map depicts notional coverage based on the range of land and sea-based missile systems, including advanced SAMs that China would likely employ in a Taiwan conflict. A single PLA Navy destroyer is used to illustrate the range of sea-based SAM coverage. Actual air defense coverage would be non-contiguous and dependent upon precise deployment sites. If deployed near the Taiwan Strait, the S-300s extended range provides the PLAs SAM force with an offensive capability against Taiwan aircraft.

Figure 4: The First and Second Island Chains
Figure 4: The First and Second Island Chains. PRC military theorists refer to two island chains along Chinas maritime perimeter. The First Island Chain includes Taiwan and the Ryuku Islands, the Second Island Chain extends from Japan to Guam.

Figure 5: Chinas Import Transit Routes and Proposed Routes for Bypassing SLOCs.
Figure 5: Chinas Import Transit Routes and Proposed Routes for Bypassing SLOCs.

Figure 6: Conventional Counter-intervention Capabilities
Figure 6: Conventional Counter-intervention Capabilities. The PLAs conventional forces are currently capable of striking targets well beyond Chinas immediate periphery. Not included are ranges for naval surface- and sub-surface-based weapons, whose employment distances from China would be determined by doctrine and the scenario in which they are employed.

Figure 7: Medium and Intercontinental Range Ballistic Missiles
Figure 7: Medium and Intercontinental Range Ballistic Missiles. China is capable of targeting its nuclear forces throughout the region and most of the world, including the continental United States. Newer systems, such as the DF-31, DF-31A, and JL-2, will give China a more survivable nuclear force.



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