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ON POINT II: Transition to the New Campaign

The United States Army in Operation IRAQI FREEDOM May 2003-January 2005





Part III

Toward the Objective: Building a New Iraq


Chapter 10
A Country United, Stable, and Free: US Army Governance Operations in Iraq

 

Notes

1. This account of the US Army Special Forces governance project in Ar Rutbah in April 2003 is from James A. Gavrilis, “The Mayor of Ar Rutbah,” Foreign Policy, November/December 2005, 1, http://www.foreignpolicy.com/story/cms.php?story_id=3265 (accessed 22 March 2007).

2. Gavrilis, 4.

3. George W. Bush, “Transcript of President Bush’s Address to the Nation,” 19 March 2003, 1, http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030319-17.html (accessed 23 March 2007).

4. V Corps and CJTF-7, V Corps and CJTF-7 Transition and Challenges Briefing, 30 September 2004, slide 4.

5. Ambassador L. Paul Bremer III, interview by Contemporary Operations Study Team, Windermere, FL, 6 June 2006, 2–3.

6. Steven Metz, “Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in Iraq,” Washington Quarterly (Winter 2003–04): 27.

7. Brigadier General Michael Tucker, interview by Contemporary Operations Study Team, Fort Leavenworth, KS, 20 January 2006, 5.

8. Jay M. Garner, “Iraq Revisited,” in Brian M. De Toy, ed., Turning Victory into Success: Military Operations After the Campaign (Fort Leavenworth, KS: Combat Studies Institute Press), 253.

9. Garner, “Iraq Revisited,” in De Toy, ed., Turning Victory into Success, 254.

10. Coalition Provisional Authority Order No. 1, “De-Ba’athification of Iraqi Society (16 May 2003),” http://www.cpa-iraq.org/regulations/20030516_CPAORD_1_De-Ba_athification_of_Iraqi_Society_.pdf (accessed 14 March 2006).

11. Ayatollah al-Sistani’s official Web site, Sistani.org, http://www.sistani.org/messages/eng/ir5.htm. (accessed 17 March 2006).

12. Larry Diamond, Squandered Victory: The American Occupation and the Bungled Effort to Bring Democarcy to Iraq (New York, NY: Henry Holt and Company, 2005), 41–43; Coalition Provisional Authority Regulation No. 6, “Governing Council of Iraq,” 13 July 2003, http://www.cpa-iraq.org/regulations/20030713_CPAREG_6_Governing_Council_of_Iraq_.pdf (accessed 22 March 2006); UN Security Council, “Resolution 1483 (2003),” 22 May 2003, http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N03/368/53/PDF/N0336853.pdf?OpenElement (accessed 22 March 2006). Bremer references section 9.

13. Diamond, 51.

14. Diamond, 51–52.

15. Bremer, interview, 6 June 2006, 11.

16. Bremer, interview, 6 June 2006, 11.

17. Lieutenant General David H. Petraeus, interview by Contemporary Operations Study Team, Fort Leavenworth, KS, 17 February 2006, 2.

18. Diamond, 108–111.

19. Diamond, 115–116.

20. US V Corps, V Corps Update Briefing—V Corps Commander’s Conference, 16 May 2003, slides 22–23.

21. V Corps and CJTF-7, V Corps–CJTF-7 Transition and Challenges Briefing, slide 4.

22. 4th Infantry Division, Lessons Learned: Executive Summary, 17 June 2004, 12.

23. 82d Airborne Division, Campaign Plan Overview Briefing, 1 April 2004, slide 7.

24. 2d Squadron, 3d Armored Cavalry Regiment, Sabre Squadron AO Robertson Update for 2d BDE, 3 ID Briefing, 31 May 2003, slide 28.

25. 2d Sqdn, 3d ACR, Sabre Squadron AO Robertson, slide 39.

26. 2d Sqdn, 3d ACR, Sabre Squadron AO Robertson, slide 41.

27. Major Dennis Van Wey, interview by Operational Leadership Experiences Project Team, Combat Studies Institute, Fort Leavenworth, KS, 1 December 2005, 16.

28. Baqubah CMOC S3 Information Paper: Muktar Data—Edited Version For Release, 5 August 2003.

29. Major Larry Shea, interview by Contemporary Operations Study Team, Fort Leavenworth, KS, 21 October 2006.

30. Van Wey, interview, 1 December 2005.

31. Ian Fisher, “The Struggle for Iraq: Attacks North of Baghdad Kill 3 GI’s, and barely miss governor of an Iraqi Province,” New York Times, 14 October 2003; Edward Wong, “The Struggle for Iraq: The Troops; Years later, A Division Takes Stock on Different Sands,” New York Times, 7 June 2004.

32. Lieutenant Colonel Joe Rice, interview by Benard Engel, United States Institute of Peace Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training, Iraq Experience Project, 31 July 2004, www.usip.org/library/oh/sops/iraq/sec/rice.pdf (accessed 28 November 2005).

33. Rice, interview by Engel, 31 July 2004.

34. Rice, interview by Engel, 31 July 2004.

35. Rice, interview by Engel, 31 July 2004.

36. Jason P. Beck, “Neighborhood Advisory Councils: Democracy at the Community Level,” Third US Army, 22 June 2003, 1–2, http://www.arcent.army.mil/news/archive/2003_news/june/advisory_councils.asp (accessed 1 November 2006).

37. Rice, interview by Engel, 31 July 2004, 17.

38. Lieutenant Colonel George H. Sarabia, interview by Operational Leadership Experiences Project Team, Combat Studies Institute, Fort Leavenworth, KS, 23 September 2005, 9–34.

39. Sarabia, interview, 23 September 2005, 9–34.

40. Sarabia, interview, 23 September 2005, 9–34.

41. Donald Walker, “Army Engineering Battalion Helps Community Help Itself,” DefendAmerica News, 18 March 2004, 1, http://www.defendamerica.mil/articles/mar2004/a3180d.html.

42. Walker.

43. William Booth and Rajiv Chandrasekaran, “Occupation Forces Halt Elections Throughout Iraq,” Washington Post, 28 June 2003, A20.

44. Booth and Chandrasekaran, A20.

45. Colonel Frederick Rudesheim, interview by Contemporary Operations Study Team, Fort Leavenworth, KS, 4 November 2005, 8.

46. Petraeus, interview, 18 March 2006, 8.

47. Petraeus, interview, 18 March 2006, 8.

48. Petraeus, interview, 17 February 2006, 8.

49. Petraeus, interview, 17 February 2006, 8.

50. Major General Peter W. Chiarelli and Major Patrick R. Michaelis, “Winning the Peace: The Requirement for Full-Spectrum Operations,” Military Review, July–August 2005, 12.

51. Chiarelli and Michaelis, 12.

52. Major General Peter Chiarelli, Winning the Peace—USMA Briefing, 8 March 2005, slide 46.

53. Lieutenant Colonel Steven Bullimore, interview by Contemporary Operations Study Team, Fort Leavenworth, KS, 18 May 2006, 7.

54. Bullimore, interview, 18 May 2006, 7.

55. Bullimore, interview, 18 May 2006, 7.

56. “Interview, Col. William Mayville,” Frontline: Beyond Baghdad. 1 December 2003, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/beyond/interviews/mayville.html (accessed 2 April 2007).

57. “Mayville Interview,” Frontline: Beyond Baghdad.

58. 173d Airborne Brigade, Operation CREATE DEMOCRACY Briefing, 13 May 2003, slide 18.

59. 173d ABN, Operation CREATE DEMOCRACY, slide 18.

60. 173d ABN, Operation CREATE DEMOCRACY, slide 18.

61. “Row Overshadows Kirkuk Poll,” BBC News, 24 May 2003, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/2934594.stm (accessed 27 November 2007).

62. US Department of State, US Agency for International Development, Iraq-Humanitarian and Reconstruction Assistance, Fact Sheet #35, Fiscal Year (FY) 2003, 30 June 2003, http://www.usaid.gov/iraq/updates/jun03/iraq_fs53_063003.pdf (accessed 27 November 2007).

63. “Mayville Interview,” Frontline: Beyond Baghdad.

64. See, for example, Major James L. Anderson, 2d Brigade Combat Team, 25th Infantry Division (Light), OIF Historical Account Submission #19 (19–25 June 2004), 2.

65. Anderson, 2d BCT, 25th ID (Light), Submission #19; see also, Submissions #22 and #30.

66. Colin Powell, “Annex to UN Security Resolution 1546” to UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, 5 June 2004, UN Web site, http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2004/sc8117.doc.htm (accessed 18 April 2006).

67. L. Paul Bremer III, My Year in Iraq: The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 2006), 392–396.

68. General George W. Casey Jr., interview by Contemporary Operations Study Team, Fort Leavenworth, KS, 27 November 2007, 10.

69. Matthew Tempest, “400 More UK Troops to be Sent to Iraq,” The Guardian (10 January 2005): 1–4.

70. Thom Shanker and Eric Schmitt, “U.S. to Increase Its Force in Iraq by Nearly 12,000,” New York Times, 2 December 2004, 1–2.

71. Rory McCarthy, “New Curfew After 15 Iraqi Soldiers are Shot Dead,” The Guardian (23 January 2005): 1–3.

72. “Purported al-Zarqawi Tape: Democracy a Lie,” CNN.com, 23 January 2005, 1–3.

73. Jeremy Lennard, “Voting Begins in Iraq Election,” The Guardian (28 January 2005): 1–4.

74. Kenneth Katzman, CRS Report for Congress, “Iraq: Elections, Constitution, and Government,” 22 December 2006.

75. Anthony Shadid, “Iraqis Defy Threats as Millions Vote,” Washington Post Foreign Service (31 January 2005): A01.

76. Shadid, “Iraqis Defy Threats,” A01.

77. Shadid, “Iraqis Defy Threats,” A01.

78. President George W. Bush, “State of the Union Address,” 2 February 2005, http://www.white house.gov/news/releases/2005/02/20050202-11.html (accessed 28 November 2007).

79. Katzman, CRS Report to Congress, 2.

80. “Can the Voters Build on Success?” The Economist, 5 February 2005, 43–44.

81. Bullimore, interview, 18 May 2006, 15.

82. This account based on Captain Jeremiah Cordovano, “TF 1-21 Infantry Applies the Nine Principles of War in Kirkuk: Preparing an Iraqi City for Elections,” Infantry, January–February 2006, 37–40.

83. Lieutenant General Thomas Metz, interview by Contemporary Operations Study Team, Fort Hood, TX, 13 December 2005.


Chapter 10. A Country United, Stable, and Free: US Army Governance Operations in Iraq





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