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Military

GLOSSARY

PART I-ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

A2C2 Army airspace command and control
AADC
area air defense commander
AAGS
Army air-ground system
AAV
amphibious assault vehicle
AAW
antiair warfare
ABCCC
airborne battlefield command and control center
ABMOC
air battle management operations center
ACA
airspace control authority; airspace coordination area
ACE
aviation combat element (USMC); analysis and control element (USA)
ACM
airspace control measures
ACO
airspace control order
ACP
air control point
ACQ
acquisition
ACR
armored cavalry regiment
ACT
analysis and control team
AD
air defense
ADA
air defense artillery
ADADO
assistant division air defense officer
ADIZ
air defense identification zone
ADMIN/LOG
administrative and logistics
ADP
automated data processing
AFATDS
advanced field artillery tactical data system
AFC
automatic frequency control
AFCC
Air Force component commander
AI
air interdiction
A/C
aircraft
ALO
air liaison officer
ALOC
air lines of communications
AM
amplitude modulation
AMCI
Army-Marine Corps integration
AMMO
ammunition
ANGLICO
air/naval gunfire liaison company
AO
area of operations; aerial observer; air officer (USMC)
AOA
amphibious objective area
AOC
air operations center
AOR
area of responsibility
APC
armored personnel carrier
APDS
armored piercing discarding sabot
APOE
aerial port of embarkation
ARFOR
Army forces
ARG
amphibious ready group
ASAS
All Source Analysis Aystem
ASB
aviation support battalion
ASC(A)
assault support coordinator (airborne)
ASL
authorized stockage list
ASLT
air support liaison team
ASOC
air support operations center
ASP
ammunition supply point
ATACMS
Army Tactical Missile System
ATC
air traffic control
ATCCS
Army Tactical Command and Control System
ATF
amphibious task force
ATHS
airborne target handoff system
ATO
air tasking order
ATP
ammunition transfer point
ATS
air traffic services
AUTODIN
automatic digital network
AVIM
aviation intermediate maintenance
AVLB
armored vehicle launched bridge
AVUM
aviation unit maintenance
AWACS
airborne warning and control system

BCE
battlefield coordination element
BCS
battery computer system
BDE
brigade
BFV
Bradley fighting vehicle
BICC
battlefield information coordination center
BLT
battalion landing team
BN
battalion
BP
battle position
BSA
brigade support area
BSFV
Bradley stinger fighting vehicle
btry
battery
 
C2
command and control
C2W
command and control warfare
C3
command, control, and communications
C3I
command, control, communications, and intelligence
C4
command, control, communications, and computer
C4I
command, control, communications, computer, and intelligence
C4I2
command, control, communications, computers, intelligence and interoperability
CA
civil affairs
CACDA
Combined Arms Center, Department of the Army
CAEMS
computer-aided embarkation management system
cal
caliber
CALM
computer-aided load manifesting
CAS
close air support
CATF
commander of amphibious task force
CB
counterbattery
CCIR
command critical intelligence requirements
CCIS
common channel interswitch signaling
CCR
closed circuit refuel
CCT
combat control team (Air Force)
CDR
commander
CE
command element
CEB
combat engineer battalion
CENTCOM
Central Command
CEV
combat engineer vehicle
CEWI
combat electronic warfare intelligence
CF
command fire
CFM
cubic feet per minute
CHS
combat health support
CI
counterintelligence
CIC
combat information center
CINC
commander in chief; commander of a combatant command
CJCS
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
CJTF
commander of joint task force
CLF
commander of landing force
CMCC
corps movement control center
CMD
command
CMMC
corps materiel management center
CMO
civil-military operations
CNR
combat net radio
CO
company
COA
course of action
COC
combat operations center
COCOM
combatant command (command authority)
COLT
combat observation and lasing team
COMINT
communications intelligence
comm
communications
COMSEC
communications security
CONPLAN
operations plan in concept format
CONUS
Continental United States
COSCOM
corps support command
CP
command post
CRC
control and reporting center
CRF
crash-fire-rescue
CS
combat support
CSA
corps storage area
CSAR
combat search and rescue
CSB
corps support battalion
CSG
corps support group
CSP
contingency support package
CSR
controlled supply rate
CSS
combat service support
CSSCS
combat service support control system
CSSD
combat service support detachment
CSSE
combat service support element
CSSOC
combat service support operations center
cu
cubit
CWAR
continuous wave acquisition radar
 
DACS(A)
direct air support center (airborne)
DAO
division ammunition office
DAS
deep air support
DASC
direct air support center
DCS
Defense Communications System
decon
decontamination
demo
demolition
DEPMEDS
deployable medical system
DFSCOORD
deputy fire support coordinator
DIBITS
digital in-band interswitch trunk signaling
DISCOM
division support command
DISE
deployable intelligence support element
distro
distribution
div
division
DLA
Defense Logistics Agency
DLED
dedicated loop encryption device
DMMC
division materiel management center
DNVT
digital nonsecure voice terminal
DRB
division ready brigade
DS
direct support
DSCS
Defense Satellite Communications System
DSN
Defense Switched Network
DSSCS
Defense Special Security Communication System
DSVT
digital subscriber voice terminal
DTAMS
digital terrain analysis and mapping system
DTG
date time group
DZ
drop zone
 
E-mail
electronic mail
EA
engagement area; ea
EAC
echelons above corps
EBS
engineer support battalion
ECM
electronic countermeasures
e.g.
for example
engr
engineer
enl
enlisted
EPLRS
enhanced position locating reporting system
EPW
enemy prisoner of war
EPWB
EPW and civilian internee (CI) battalion (USA PSYOP)
EPWC
EPW/CI company
ESB
engineer support battalion
EUCE
end user computing equipment
EUCOM
European Command
EW
electronic warfare
EW/C
early warning/control
 
FA
field artillery
FAA
forward assembly area
FAAD
forward area air defense
FAADC3I
forward area air defense command, control, communications and intelligence
FAADS
forward area air defense system
FAASV
field artillery ammunition support vehicle
FAAWC
force antiair warfare commander
FAC
forward air controller
FAC(A)
forward air controller (airborne)
FACP
forward air control party
FAE
fuel air explosive
FARP
forward arming and refueling point
FAX
facsimile
FCT
firepower control team
FD
fire direction
FDC
fire direction center
FEBA
forward edge of the battle area
FEZ
fighter engagement zone
FFAR
folding fin aerial rocket
FFC
force fires coordinator
FFCC
force fires coordination center
FISP
fly in support package
FIST
fire support team
FIST-V
fire support team vehicle
FLI
force level information
FLIR
forward looking infared
FLOT
forward line of own troops
FLTSATCOM
fleet satellite communications
FM
field manual; frequency modulation
FMCC
force movement control center
FMF
Fleet Marine Force
FMFRP
fleet Marine force reference publication
FO
forward observer
FS
fire support
FSB
forward support battalion
FSC
fire support coordinator (USMC)
FSCC
fire support coordination center
FSCL
fire support coordination line
FSCM
fire support coordinating measures
FSCOORD
fire support coordinator (Army)
FSE
fire support element
FSO
fire support officer
FSS
fire support section
FSSG
force service support group
ft
foot
FW
fighter wing
F/W
fixed wing
FWD
forward
 
G-2
Army or Marine Corps component intelligence staff officer (Army division or higher staff, Marine Corps brigade or higher staff)
G-3
Army or Marine Corps component operations staff officer (Army division or higher staff, Marine Corps brigade or higher staff)
G-4
Army or Marine Corps component logistics staff officer (Army division or higher staff, Marine Corps brigade or higher staff)
G-5
Army or Marine Corps component civil affairs staff officer (Army division or higher staff, Marine Corps brigade or higher staff)
G-6
Army or Marine Corps component signal staff officer (Army division or higher staff, Marine Corps brigade or higher staff)
G/VLLD
ground/vehicular laser locator designator
gal
gallon
GBS
ground based sensor
GCE
ground combat element
GCS
ground control stations
GENSER
general service
GLO
ground liaison officer
GMF
greatly modulated frequency
GPS
global positioning system
GS
general support
GSM
ground station module
GSR
general support-reinforcing
 
H&S
headquarters and service
HA
holding area
HARM
high-speed antiradiation missile
HEI-T
high explosive incendiary with tracer
HEMAT
heavy expanded mobility ammunition trailer
HEMT
heavy expanded mobility tactical truck
HERS
helicopter expedient refueling system
HF
high frequency
HHB
headquarters and headquarters battery
HHC
headquarters and headquarters company
HHD
headquarters and headquarters detachment
HHQ
higher headquarters
HIDACZ
high density aircraft control zone
HIMAD
high to medium altitude air defense
HIMEZ
high-altitude missile engagement zone
HIPAR
high power illuminator radar
HLZ
helicopter landing zone
HMH
Marine heavy helicopter squadron
HMLA
Marine light/attack helicopter squadron
HMM
Marine medium helicopter squadron
HMMWV
high-mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle
HN
host nation
HPT
high payoff target
HQ
headquarters
HR
hour
HST
helicopter support team
HUMINT
human intelligence
HWY
highway
 
IAS
intelligence analysis system
IAW
in accordance with
ICP
intertheater COMSEC package
ID
identification
i.e.
that is
IEW
intelligence and electronic warfare
IFF
identification friend or foe
IFSAS
interim fire support automation system
IHFR
improved high frequency radio
inf
infantry
INS
inertial navigation system
intel
intelligence
IPB
intelligence preparation of the battlespace
IR
infared
ISB
intermediate staging base
IT
interrogator-translator team
ITV
improved tube-launched optically-tracked wire-guided vehicle
 
J-2
Intelligence Directorate of a joint staff
JAOC
joint air operations center
JCEOI
joint communications-electronic operating instructions
JCSE
joint communication support element
JDISS
Joint Deployable Intelligence Support System
JFACC
joint force air component commander
JFC
joint force commander
JFLCC
joint force land component commander
JIC
joint intelligence center
JLOTS
joint logistics over-the-shore
JMC
joint movement center
JOA
joint operations area
JOC
joint operations center
JOPES
joint operations planning and execution system
JPOTF
joint psychological operations task force
JRC
joint reception center
JSEAD
joint suppression of enemy air defenses
JSOA
joint special operations area
JSOI
joint signal operating instructions
JSOTF
joint special operations task force
J-STARS
Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System
JTAR
joint tactical air strike request
JTF
joint task force
JTIDS
Joint Tactical Information Distribution System
JTSA
joint theater storage area
JTTP
joint tactics, techniques and procedures
JWICS
Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System
 
kbps
kilobits per second
KHz
kilohertz
km
kilometer
 
LAAD
low altitude air defense
LAAM
light antiaircraft missile
LAN
local area network
LANTIRN
low-altitude navigation and targeting infrared for night
LAR
light armored reconnaissance
LAV
light armored vehicle
lb
pound
LCC
land component commander
LEN
large extension node
LF
landing force
LFADS
Landing Force Asset Distribution System
LMT
lightweight medium tactical
LNO
liaison officer
LOC
lines of communications
LOMEZ
low-altitude missile engagement zone
LOS
line of sight
LOTS
logistics-over-the-shore
LRSU
long range surveillance units
LST
laser spot tracker
LTACFIRE
Light Tactical Fire Direction System
LVTP(AAV)
landing vehicle tracked, personnel (assault amphibious vehicle)
LVS
logistic vehicle system
LZ
landing zone
 
m
meter
MACCS
Marine Air Command and Control System
MACG
Marine air control group
MACS
Marine air control squadron
MAFC
MAGTF all source fusion center
MAG
Marine Air Group
MAGTF
Marine air-ground task force
MAIN CP
main command post
maint
maintenance
MALS
Marine air logistics squadron
MALSP
Marine Corps Aviation Logistics Support Program
MANPADS
Man-portable Air Defense System
MARDIV
Marine division
MARFOR
Marine forces
MASS
Marine air support squadron
MATCD
Marine air traffic control detachment
MATCS
Marine air traffic control squadron
MAW
Marine air wing
max
maximum
MCC
movements control center
MCMREP
mine countermeasure report
MCRP
Marine Corps reference publication
MCS
maneuver control system
MDCI
multidiscipline counterintelligence
mech
mechanized
MEF
Marine expeditionary force
MEF (FWD)
Marine expeditionary force (forward)
MET
meteorological
METT-T
mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops and support available, time available
MEU
Marine expeditionary unit
MFWPU
medium freshwater purification unit
MG
machine gun
mgt
management
MHE
material handling equipment
MHz
megahertz
MI
military intelligence
MICLIC
mine clearing line charge
MINEOPS
minelaying operations
misc
miscellaneous
MLRS
Multiple Launch Rocket System
mm
millimeter
MOOTW
military operations other than war
MOUT
military operations on urbanized terrain
MP
military police
MPF
maritime propositioning force
MPPWCOM
Military Police Prisoner of War Command
MPS
maritime positioning ships
MPSRON
maritime prepositioning ship squadron
MRC
major regional conflict
MRE
meal ready-to-eat
MSB
main support battalion
MSC
military sealift command
MSE
mobile subscriber equipment
MSRT
mobile subscriber radio terminal
MSSG
Marine expeditionary unit service support group
MST
maintenance support team
MTACS
Marine tactical air command squadron
MWSG
Marine wing group
MWSS
Marine wing support squadron
 
N/A
not applicable
NAI
not all inclusive
NBC
nuclear, biological, and chemical
NCA
National Command Authority
NCF
naval construction force
NCO
noncommissioned officer
NCS
net control station
NEO
noncombatant evacuation operation
NFA
no fire area
NGF
naval gunfire
NGLO
naval gunfire liaison officer
NGO
naval gunfire officer
NICP
national inventory control point
NM
nautical mile
NMCB
naval mobile construction battalion
NSE
Navy support element
NSFS
Naval surface fire support
NTS
Naval Telecommunications System
NVG
night vision goggle
 
O&I
operations and intelligence
OAAW
offensive antiair warfare
OAS
offensive air support
OCAC
operational control and analysis center
off
officer
OIC
officer in charge
OPCON
operational control
OPLAN
operations plan
OPORD
operations order
ops
operations
OPSEC
operations security
 
P
package
PA
public affairs
PACOM
Pacific Command
PAR
pulse acquisition radar
PAX
passengers
PD
point detonating
PERMA
planning, embarkation, rehearsal, movement and assault
PIR
priority intelligence requirements
PLL
prescribed load list
PLS
palletized loading system
PMCS
preventive maintenance checks and services
POL
petroleum, oils, and lubricants
POTF
psychological operations task force
PSYOP
psychological operations
 
qty
quantity
 
R
reinforcing
R&S
reconnaissance and surveillance
RAAM
remote antiarmor mine
RAP
rear-area protection
RAU
remote access unit
RC
reserve component
rec veh
recovery vehicle
recce
reconnaissance (USAF)
recon
reconnaissance
regt
regiment
RFA
restricted fire area
RFI
requests for intelligence
RFL
restricted fire line
RMC
remote multiplexer combiner
ROE
rules of engagement
ROWUP
Reverse Osmosis Water Purification System
ROZ
restricted operating zone
RPV
remotely piloted vehicle
RRP
rearm/refuel point
RSR
required supply rate
RVT
remote video terminal
RW
reconnaissance wing
RX
reparable exchange
 
S1
battalion or brigade personnel or manpower staff officer (Army; Marine Corps battalion or regiment)
S2
battalion or brigade intelligence staff officer (Army; Marine Corps battalion or regiment)
S3
battalion or brigade operations staff officer (Army; Marine Corps battalion or regiment)
S4
battalion or brigade logistics staff officer (Army; Marine Corps battalion or regiment)
SAAFR
standard Army aviation flight route
SAAMS
special airlift assigned missions
SAAWC
sector antiair warfare coordinator
SACC
supporting arms coordination center
SALT
supporting arms liaison team
SAM
surface-to-air missile
SARC
surveillance and reconnaissance center
SAS
sensor acquisition section
SATCOM
satellite communications
SC
single-channel
SCATMINWARN
scatterable-minefield warning message
SCI
secret compartmented information
SCR
single-channel radio
SEAD
suppression of enemy air defenses
SEE
small equipment excavator
SEMA
special electronic mission aircraft
SEN
small extension node
SEWCC
signal intelligence electronic warfare coordination center
SFCP
shore fire control party
SHF
super high frequency
SHORAD
short-range air defense
SHORADEZ
short-range air defense engagement zone
SHTU
simplified handheld terminal unit
SIGINT
signals intelligence
SINCGARS
Single-channel Ground and Airborne Radio System
SIXCON
six container
SMFT
semitrailer mounted fabric tank
SOF
special operations forces
SOI
signal operating instruction
SOP
standing operating procedures
SOUTHCOM
Southern Command
SP
self-propelled/special purpose
SPIRIT
Special Purpose Integrated Remote Intelligence Terminal
SPMAGTF
special purpose marine air-ground task force
SPOD
seaport of debarkation
spt
support
squad
squadron
SR
short-range
SRIG
surveillance, reconnaissance, intelligence group
SSO
special security office
STON
short ton
STU-III
secure telephone unit III
SVC
service
 
TAC
tactical
TAC(A)
tactical air coordinator (airborne)
TACAN
tactical air navigation
TACC
tactical air command center (USMC); tactical air control center (USN)
TAC CP
tactical command post
TACFIRE
Tactical Fire Direction System
TACON
tactical control
TACP
tactical air control party
TACS
theater air control system
TACSAT
tactical satellite
TAD
tactical air direction
TADC
tactical air direction center
TADIL
tactical air data link
TAGS
theater air-ground system
TALO
theater airlift liaison officer
TAMCA
Theater Army Movement Control Agency
TAMMC
theater army materiel management center
TAO
tactical air officer
TAOC
tactical air operations center (USMC)
TAR
tactical air request
TARP
target acquisition reconnaissance platoon
TAVB
aviation logistics support ship
TBM
theater ballistic missile
TBMD
theater ballistic missile defense
TBP
to be published
TC-AIMS
Transportation Coordinators' Automated Information for Movements System
TCF
tactical combat force
TEK
trunk encryption key
TEP
terminal emulation processor; task execution plan
TM
team
TMD
theater missile defense
TOC
tactical operations center
TOT
time on target
TOW
tube-launched optically-tracked wire-guided
TPT
tactical petroleum terminal
TRAM
container handler, rough terrain
trans
transport
TRAP
tactical recovery of aircraft and personnel
TRI-TAC
tri-service tactical communications
trk
truck
TROJAN
AN/FS Q-144V
TRSS
tactical remote sensor system suite
TSB
tactical support battalion
TSC
theater signal command (Army)
TSK
transmission security key
TTP
tactics, techniques, and procedures
 
UAV
unmanned aerial vehicle
UHF
ultrahigh frequency
UJTL
universal joint task list
ULCS
unit level circuit switches
US
United States
USA
United States Army
USACOM
United States Atlantic Command
USMC
United States Marine Corps
USMTF
US Message Text Format
USN
United States Navy
UXO
unexploded ordnance
 
V/STOL
vertical/short takeoff and landing
veh
vehicle
VFR
visual flight rules
VHF
very high frequency
VINSON
encrypted ultra high frequency communications system
VMA
Marine attack squadron
VMAQ
Marine tactical electronic warfare squadron
VMFA (AW)
Marine fighter attack (all weather) squadron
VMGR
Marine aerial refueler transport squadron
vs
versus
VT
veribal time
 
WAN
wide area network
WCS
weapons control status
WEZ
weapons engagement zone
WOC
wing operations center
WP
white phosphorus
WPNS
weapons
 
xctry
cross country
 
yd
yard
 

PART II--TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

airborne operation.
An operation involving the air movement into an objective area of combat forces and their logistic support for execution of a tactical or a strategic mission. The means employed may be any combination of airborne units, air transportable units, and types of transport aircraft, depending on the mission and the overall situation. (Joint Pub 1-02)

amphibious operation.
An attack launched from the sea by naval and landing forces, embarked in ships or craft involving a landing on a hostile or potentially hostile shore. AS an entity, the amphibious operation includes the following phases:

a. Planning--The period extending form issuance of the initiating directive to embarkation.

b. Embarkation--The period during which the forces, with their equipment and supplies, are embarked in the assigned shipping.

c. Rehearsal--The period during which the prospective operation is rehearsed for the purpose of--

(1) Testing adequacy of plans, the timing of detailed operations, and the combat readiness of participating force

(2) Ensuring that all echelons are familiar with plans

(3) Testing communications.

d. Movement--The period during which various components of the amphibious task force move from points of embarkation to the objective area.

e. Assault--The period between the arrival of the major assault forces of the amphibious tasks force in the objective area and the accomplishment of the amphibious task force mission. (Joint Pub 1-02)

augmentation.
Augmentation is a command relationship. Units that are designated to augment another force are therefore not available to the losing command for the period of augmentation.

combined arms team.
The application of two or more arms or branches of one military Service together in an operation.

commander, amphibious task force.
The US Navy officer designated in the initiating directive as commander of the amphibious task force. Also called CATF. (Joint Pub 1-02)

common servicing.
That function performed by one Military Service in support of another Military Service for which reimbursement is not required from the Service receiving support. (Joint Pub 1-02)

connectivity.
The exchange of information by electronic means.

cross servicing.
That function performed by one Military Service in support of another Military Service for which reimbursement is required for the Service receiving support. (Joint Pub 1-02)

decisive point.
An enemy location, activity or unit that is vulnerable to attack by friendly forces and whose destruction, disruption, or capture has an adverse effect on the enemy's center of gravity.

force multiplier.
A capability that, when added to and employed by a combat force, significantly increases the combat potential of that force and thus enhances the probability of successful mission accomplishment. (Joint Pub 1-02)

force protection.
Security program designed to protect soldiers, civilian employees, family members, facilities, and equipment, in all locations and situations, accomplished through planned and integrated application of combating terrorism, physical security, operations security, personal protective services, and supported by intelligence, counterintelligence, and other security programs. (Joint Pub 1-02)

forcible entry.
The seizing and holding of a military lodgment in the face of armed opposition.

intelligence preparation of the battlespace.
An analytical methodology employed to reduce uncertainties concerning the enemy, environment, and terrain for all types of operations. Intelligence preparation of the battlespace builds an extensive data base for each potential area in which a unit may be required to operate. The data base is then analyzed in detail to determine the impact of the enemy, environment, and terrain on operations and presents it in graphic form. Intelligence preparation of the battlespace is a continuing process. Also called IPB. (Joint Pub 1-02)

joint operations area.
That portion of an area of conflict in which a joint force commander conducts military operations pursuant to an assigned mission and the administration incident to such military operations. Also called JOA. (Joint Pub 1-02)

joint servicing.
That function performed by a jointly staffed and financed activity in support of two or more Military Services. (Joint Pub 1-02)

joint targeting coordination board.
A group formed by the joint force commander to accomplish broad targeting oversight functions that may include but are not limited to coordinating targeting information, providing targeting guidance and priorities, and preparing and/or refining joint target lists. The board is normally comprised of representatives form the joint force staff, all components, and if required, component subordinate units. Also called JTCB. (Joint Pub 1-02)

over-the-horizon amphibious operation.
An operational initiative launched form beyond visual and radar range of the shoreline. (Joint Pub 1-02)

seize.
To employ combat forces to physically occupy and control a designated area.

service component command.
A command consisting of the Service component commander and all those individuals, units, detachments, organizations and installations under the command that have been assigned to the unified command. (Joint Pub 1-02)

supporting arms.
Air, sea, and land weapons of all types employed to support ground units.

supporting forces.
Forces stationed in, or to be deployed to, and area of operations to provide support for the execution of an operation order. Combatant command {command authority) of supporting forces is not passed to the supported commander. (Joint Pub 1-02)

synchronization.
1. The arrangement of military actions in time, space, and purpose to produce maximum relative combat power at a decisive place and time. 2. In the intelligence context, application of intelligence sources and methods in concert with the operational plan. (Joint Pub 1-02)

target.
1. A geographical area, complex, or installation planned for capture or destruction by military forces. 2. In intelligence usage, a country, area, installation, agency, or person against which intelligence operations are directed. 3. An area designated and numbered for future firing. 4. In gunfire support usage, an impact burst which hits the target. (Joint Pub 1-02)

target analysis.
An examination of potential targets to determine military importance, priority of attack, and weapons required to obtain a desired level of damage or casualties. (Joint Pub 1-02)

targeting.
1. The process of selecting targets and matching the appropriate response to them, taking account of operational requirements and capabilities. 2. The analysis of enemy situations relative to the commander's mission, objectives, and capabilities at the commander's disposal, to identify and nominate specific vulnerabilities that, if exploited, will accomplish the commander's purpose through delaying, disrupting, disabling, or destroying enemy forces or resources critical to the enemy. (Joint Pub 1-02)

task organization.
A temporary grouping of forces designed to accomplish a particular mission. Task organization involves the distribution of available assets to subordinate headquarters by attachment or by placing assets in direct support or under the operational control of the subordinate.

vertical envelopment.
A tactical maneuver in which troops, either air-dropped or air-landed, attack the rear and flanks of a force, in effect cutting off or encircling the force. (Joint Pub 1-02)



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