4-inch, single-stage, 350-GPM pump See 350-GPM transfer pump.
- 4-ton bolster trailer
- A dual-axle trailer, with 4 bolster attachments and an adjustable tow boom used for transporting pipe from the construction staging areas to the construction site.
- 5-mile pipeline set
- Consists of the pipes, valves, elbows, anchors, couplings, gaskets, and other materials needed to build 5 miles of pipeline,
- 5-ton cargo long bed
- A truck that is the primary vehicle for construction of military pipelines; the truck is used to pull the 4-ton bolster trailer, transport the pipe to the construction site, and haul equipment and soldiers to and from the construction site.
- 6-inch, bolt-on-type hose-to-cam-lock, male and female adapter
- Device that is installed on the ends of the 6-inch hose-and-reel kit.
- 6-inch, cam-lock, female-by-double-grooved adapter
- Device that is connected to the cam-lock gate valve on the discharge line leading to the 210,000-gallon collapsible fabric tank
- 6-inch, cam-lock, male-by-double-grooved adapter
- Device that is connected to the hose that goes to the elbow coupler on the tank inlet.
- 7 l/2-ton crane
- Used for lifting and placing scraper-receiver assembly, strainer assembly, launcher assembly, and valves along the pipeline and at pumping-station locations.
- 12-foot, noncollapsible discharge 4-inch hose
- Used in the contaminated-fuel module and the 50,000-gallon TPT, optional-tank configuration.
- 12-foot noncollapsible suction, 6-inch hose
- Used in the tank-farm assembly and tanker-truck receipt manifold.
- 12 foot, suction, 4-inch hose assembly
- Used in the tanker-truck receipt manifold; contaminated-fuel module and the 50,000-gallon, TPT, optional-tank configuration.
- 40-ton crane
- Used for lifting and placing mainline pumps at construction staging areas and at pumping-station locations.
- 50- and 500-foot, lightweight, collapsible, discharge, 6-inch hose
- Used in the tank-farm assembly, contaminated-fuel module, tanker-truck receipt manifold, switching manifold and fuel-dispensing assembly.
- 350-GPM transfer pump
- An air-cooled 3-cylinder diesel engine and a self-priming centrifugal pump mounted on a 2-wheel frame assembly; this pump is used as part of the contaminated-fuel module to load a tanker-truck with off-specification fuel for disposal or blending. See also 600-GPM hose-line pump; 800-GPM mainline pump; 1,250-GPM hose-line pump; centrifugal pump flood-and-transfer pump.
- 600-foot, 6-inch hose-reel assembly
- Consists of 600 feet of 6-inch lightweight hose packaged on reels; MAW is 150 psi
- 600-GPM hose-line pump
- A wheel-mounted variable-speed, self-priming centrifugal pump with manual and automatic controls and a turbocharged, air-cooled, 6-cylinder diesel engine; this pump is a component of the tank-farm assembly. See also 350-GPM transfer pump; 800-GPM mainline pump; 1,250-GPM hose-line pump; centrifugal pump; flood-and-transfer pump.
- 800-GPM mainline pump
- A skid-mounted, diesel-engine-driven, centrifugal 3-stage, high-pressure pump with an output of 800 GPM at 1,800 feet of head this pump is used as a booster pump on the IPDS pipeline. See also 350-GPM transfer pump; 600-GPM hose-line pump; 1,250-GPM hose-line pump; centrifugal pump; flood-and-transfer pump.
- 1250-GPM hose-line pump
- A skid-mounted, 6 cylinder, single-stage, turbocharged, diesel engine; this pump is in the IPDS and is used for flood, transfer, and general utility service. See also 350-GPM transfer pump; 600-GPM hose-line pump; 800-GPM mainline pump; centrifugal pump; flood-and-transfer pump.
- 6,000- and 10,000-pound rough-terrain forklift
- Used to load and unload pipeline components at construction staging areas along the pipeline trace.
- Army Facilities Components System; consists of the TMs that makeup a system for rapidly determining the Class IV materials, layout, and construction effort required.
AFFF aqueous film-forming foam
ANSI American National Standards Institute
API American Petroleum Institute
- API gravity
AR Army regulation
Army Facilities Component System See AFCS
- atmospheric pressure
- Comparable to static pressure in liquids because it is caused by the weight of air above the earth's surface.
AVGAS aviation gasoline
AVLUB aviation lubricant
- ball valve
barrel See bbl.
base terminal See pumping station 1
- Determining the sequence in which two or more products are to be pumped; introducing products into the pipeline in a sequence that results in the least formation of interracial material.
- barrel(s) a common unit of measurement of liquids in the petroleum industry; one barrel equals 42 US gallons.
- beach interface
- Valves and fittings needed to connect the IPDS to the OPDS.
- Bernoulli equation
- An equation that expresses the energy relationship for a liquid flowing through a pipe between two points.
- bulk-fuel tank assembly; a 210,000-gallon tank that is primarily used for initial storage at beachheads as an integral part of the TPT tank-farm complex.
- blank flange
- A flange used to close the end of a pipe or to close a pipeline to produce a dead end; a blank flange is used to ensure that there will be no movement of product. A blind flange is not the same as a blank flange.
- bolted coupling
- Standard, split-ring, groove-type coupling used in the steel pipeline system; this coupling provides a sufficient amount of angular deflection and slack adjustment for expansion and contraction of the line between adjacent joints.
BPH barrel(s) per hour
bulk-fuel tank assembly See BFTA
- bulk-petroleum distribution system
- The network that gets bulk fuel to using units; the system can consist of ocean-tanker loading and unloading facilities, storage terminals, pump stations, pipelines, hose lines, tank vehicles, and rail tank cars.
- cam lock
- A quick-connect fitting found on valves and hoses in the TPT and low-pressure areas of pump stations.
- cam-lock coupling
- Low-pressure, quick-disconnect coupling used on some components of the TPT and for drains in the pumping stations. See also double-grooved coupling; single grooved coupling.
- Quantity of fuel pumped per unit of time, expressed in BPH or GPM. Also called throughput.
- cathodic protection
- The measures taken to stop the flow of direct electrical currents from the pipeline to and through the soil in which it is buried.
- Formation of a cavity or partial vacuum around a fan, propeller, or impeller that is revolving above a certain critical speed causing a loss of efficiency.
- Unit of viscosity equal to 1/100 poise.
- Unit of kinematic viscosity equal to 1/1 00 stoke.
- centrifugal pump
- Consists of one or more impellers mounted on a rapidly rotating shaft; the liquid enters the impeller at the center (eye) and is impelled outward from the center by centrifugal force at high velocity into the volute of the pump casing. The function of the volute is to catch the impeller discharge and convert peripheral (tangential) velocity head into pressure head while conducting the liquid at a reducing rate of flow to the discharge nozzle of the pump casing. See also 350-GPM transfer pump; 600-GPM hose-line pump; 800-GPM mainline pump; 1,250-GPM hose-line pump; flood-and-transfer pump.
cfm cubic foot (feet) per minute
- change in length ((delta) L)
civil military cooperation See CIMIC
- cold bend
- Steel pipe-bending method; a pipe joint is pulled until stressed beyond the yield point of the material thus causing a permanent set.
- collapsible, dispensing 1-, 1 1/2-, 2-, and 4-inch hose
- Used in the fuel-dispensing assembly and the 50,000-gallon TPT, optional-tank configuration; this hose is available in various lengths.
COMMZ communications zone
- contaminated-fuel module
CONUS continental United States
DA Department of the Army
- Darcy-Weisbach equation
Defense Fuel Supply Center See DFSC.
Defense Logistics Agency See DLA.
- design fuel
- Fuel type for which a pipeline system is designed; military pipelines most likely will transport diesel and jet fuels and kerosene.
- Defense Fuel Supply Center; procures and arranges for delivery of bulk-petroleum products to the military services; DFSC contracts with a commercial supplier in CONUS or overseas and ensures that required fuel is shipped to the theater.
- differential pressure
- The difference between suction pressure and discharge pressure of a pump; increment of pressure added by each pump operating in series in pumping stations; pressure drop or loss between inlet and outlet of a filter, meter, or other accessory offering resistance to flow.
- discharge side
- Downstream or outlet side of a pump having the discharge pressure of the product.
- Preparing the bottom for a river crossing.
- Defense Logistics Agency; is responsible for the integrated management of bulk Petroleum DLA works through the DFSC.
DOD Department of Defense
- double-grooved coupling
DS direct support
- dynamic head
engineer command See ENCOM
EOL end of line
- expansion device
FM field manual
FORSCOM United States Army Forces Command
- friction loss
FSSP fuel-system supply points
ft foot (feet)
- fuel unit
GAA general agency agreement
- gate valve
go-devil See scraper.
GPM gallons per minute
GR gross requirement
GS general support
- head capacity (normal)
HEMTT heavy expanded mobility tactical truck
- hose line assembly
- hydraulic drive head
ID inside diameter
inland Petroleum Distribution System See IPDS
- A mixture, or commingling, between adjacent products in a multiproduct pipeline interracial mixture.
- intermediate terminals
- Serve as reserve-storage installations and as dispensing installations.
- Inland Petroleum Distribution System, a rapidly deployed petroleum system consisting of aluminum pipe, pumping stations, and TPTs for use in contingency operations; an IPDS is composed of modules to provide required configurations for preplanned or emergency deployment.
IS0 International Standards Organization
- jackrabbit start
joint petroleum office See JPO
JP jet petroleum
lizard See traveling shield
- mainline pump-station set
MAWP maximum allowable working pressure. See also working pressure.
- meter strainer
- A skid-mounted device that measures the quantity and flow rate of fuel moving into and out of the TPT; the strainer protects the meter.
METT-T mission enemy, terrain troops, and time available
- modular design
MOGAS motor gasoline
MSC military sealift command
MSR main supply route
MTOE modification table of organization and equipment
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NCOIC noncommissioned officer in charge
- nonrising-stem valve
OD outside diameter
Offshore Petroleum Discharge System See OPDS
OIC officer in charge
OPLAN operations plan
- petroleum terminal
pig See scraper.
- pig walkers
- crew members.
- pipe-fitter's general tool kit
- Contains a variety of hand tools needed for all types of pipe fitting to work on 1/8- to 2-inch pipe.
- pipe-fitter's supplemental tool kit
- Contains a minimum of hand tools required for cutting, threading, and fitting the 2 1/2- to 4-inch pipeline supplements the pipe-fitter's general tool kit.
- pipe fittings
- Standard groove-type fittings that include elbows, Ts, reducers, blank ends, and adapters.
- pipeline-construction, grooved-coupling, steel-tubing set
- Contains the tools and equipment needed to construct and maintain steel-coupled-type pipelines and pumping-station manifolds.
- pipeline strainer assembly
- Consists of skid-mounted dual strainers and associated valves and piping, assembly is supplied with the IPDS for installation in the pipeline pumping stations upstream of the pumps.
- pipeline suspension-bridge set
- Consists of towers, guy wires, deadman anchors, cables, suspenders, and other materials needed to construct a bride; assemblies are available in 100-, 200-, and 400-foot kits.
- pipeline valves
- These valves cut off, control, and direct the fuel flow in a pipeline.
- pipeline vent assembly
- A 1-foot-long section of steel pipe with a 3/4-inch weldolet coupling and a 3/4-inch ball valve, fittings, and nipple; vent assemblies are installed at high points to vent air from the pipeline.
- pipe saw
- A reciprocating-type saw powered by an air motor that can cut steel, cast iron and stainless or alloy steep pipe; this saw has an 8-inch capacity for hazardous locations.
- pit-leak clamp
- Used to stop a small hole caused by corrosion or other damage. See also repair clamp; split-leak clamp.
- plot plan
- A dimensional layout of major equipment involved in a system.
- plug valve
- Valve that has a revolving plug with an opening so that fuel flows when the opening is aligned with the pipe; used in a tank-farm manifold and on launchers and receivers where quick and positive closing of the valves is essential. See also ball valve check valve; gate valve; nonrising-stem valve pressure-control valve pressure-reducing valve pressure-regulating valve rising-stem valve; thermal-relief valve.
POL petroleum oils, and lubricants
- pressure-control valve (5 psi)
psi pound(s) per square inch
psig pound(s) per square inch gauge
- pumping station
RPM revolutions per minute
S&I standardization & interoperability
S&P stake and platform
S3 Operations and Training Officer (US Army) (S3)
SALMS Single-Anchor Leg-Mooring System
SB supply bulletin
small emplacement excavator See SEE
specific gravity See SG
- split-leak clamp
- Consists of stirrups, a saddle, and a gasket to be fitted around the pipe at a fault. See also pit-leak clamp; repair clamp.
STANAG standardization agreement
- strainer assembly
tactical petroleum terminal See TPT.
- Theater Army Material Management Center; is the theater petroleum item manager for bulk-petroleum products; TAMMC records consumption data, coordinates with the petroleum group to program future requirements, and submits petroleum requirements for the theater to the JPO.
- A 210,000-gallon, collapsible, fabric tank in the IPDS, for storage of petroleum products; there are two tanks per tank-farm assembly, with three tank-farm assemblies per fuel unit and three fuel units per TPT.
- tank-farm assembly
- The basic storage unit in a TPT consisting of two 210,000- gallon, collapsible, fabric tanks; one 600-GPM hose-line pump; and associated hose, valves, and fittings. Three tank-farm assemblies make one fuel unit.
- tanker-truck receipt manifold
- The hoses, valves, and fittings necessary to give a TPT the capability of receiving products from tanker trucks; there are three manifolds per TPT, one for each fuel unit.
- tapping machine
- A lightweight drilling machine with an adjustable, automatic feed rate used to tap into a pressurized pipeline to drain for pipe or coupling replacement.
- A physical property of liquids that affects viscosity, density, specific gravity, and other physical properties; all measurements are corrected to 60oF.
- A bulk facility for receipt storage, transportation and issue of petroleum products; the facility may be a base terminal for receipt and shipment of product b y tanker, a pipe-head terminal (head terminal) at the downstream end of the pipeline, or an intermediate terminal on the pipeline. The terminal consists of a tank farm or tank-farm complex, tank-farm manifold, and central pumping-station area.
- theater army
- Provides broad planning guidance for Army petroleum support, supervises current operations, and conducts long-range planning.
Theater Army Material Management Center See TAMMC
- thermal-relief valve
- An automatic valve used to release pressure above a given setting; valves are set 10 percent above the maximum pipeline pressure. See also ball valve check valve; gate valve; nonrising-stem valve; plug valve pressure-control valve; pressure-reducing valve pressure-regulating valve; rising-stem valve.
throughput See capacity
- Welding unconnected sections together.
TM technical manual
TO theater of operations
TOE table(s) of organization and equipment
TRADOC United States Army Training and Doctrine Command
- traveling shield
U-loops See expansion devices.
- Opposite to the direction of pipeline flow, which is downstream.
US United States (of America)
USAEDH United States Army Engineer Division Huntsville
- weight density
Z-loops See expansion devices
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