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Chapter 11

Inspections and Surveys

Inspections and surveys are valuable tools to a commander's physical-security program. These tools collectively measure and identify the readiness of a commander's physical-security program. The survey provides the installation commander with an overall security posture of the installation.


11-1. Physical-security inspections are conducted at DA installations, activities, and facilities by trained physical-security inspectors. Some facilities on an installation may be exempt from inspection due to their mission. These facilities are inspected under the guidance of regulations and directives unique to those activities. Inspection personnel will be trained and will conduct inspections according to AR 190-13.

11-2. A physical-security inspection is a recorded assessment of physical-security procedures and measures implemented by a unit or an activity to protect its assets. The inspection is recorded on DA Form 2806-1-R (see AR 190-13 for using the form).


11-3. Liaison and coordination should be established with other agencies on the installation before an inspection. The director of facility engineers can provide information to benefit the overall security program. Other agencies, such as MI (threat analysis) and local law-enforcement agencies, may have input essential to the security program.

Security Library

11-4. A security library is necessary to help personnel prepare for and conduct an inspection. This library may include—

  • The mission and history of each activity to be inspected.
  • Previous inspection reports.
  • A copy of the most current risk analysis.
  • The SOPs and ARs specific to physical security.

Entrance Interviews

11-5. Entrance interviews are usually required before the actual inspection. During the interview, the inspector establishes a rapport with the unit representative. The inspector identifies the following during the interview:

  • All members of the inspection team.
  • An overview of the last inspection.
  • Areas to be inspected and the order of inspection.
  • A review of waivers, work orders, and exceptions.
  • Changes to the unit's mission (if any).

Conducting Inspections

11-6. The inspection should be conducted from the outside to the inside of the facility, activity, or area with regard to the following:

  • Observation of the facility will be conducted during all hours of the day.
  • Interviews of managerial and operational personnel will be performed.
  • Security forces should be inspected so as not to disrupt the mission (if possible).
  • An assessment should be made of security-force training, especially if security-force knowledge proves inadequate.
  • Inspection of entry and movement control by the guard force should not hinder operations.
  • All communications systems used by the guard force should be thoroughly inspected. The guard force should have two reliable and efficient means of communication, one of which is a radio.
  • Inspections should be conducted according to regulations appropriate for the facility.

Exit Interviews

11-7. Exit interviews should be conducted as soon as possible after the inspection. The commander should be informed of any deficiencies or compliments noted. A rating on the inspection's results will not be provided during the exit interview. The approving authority, not the inspector, will determine the inspection rating. The rating will be forwarded to the unit along with the final report.

11-8. Recommendations will be made according to regulations. Written reports should be forwarded through channels in a timely manner according to the PM's SOP. The commander's report of actions taken will be required and reviewed by the PM's staff.


11-9. A physical-security survey differs from an inspection in that a survey covers a formal assessment of an installation's physical-security program. Each survey includes a complete reconnaissance, study, and analysis of installation property and operations. The survey provides the commander with an assessment of the installation's overall security posture. It consists of the threat and the mission, and it advises the commander on the installation's physical-security program's strengths and weaknesses.

Physical-Security Survey

11-10. The physical-security survey is a formal recorded assessment of an installation's physical-security program. See AR 190-13 for further information on this type of survey.

Security-Engineering Surveys

11-11. While a security-engineering survey is largely an engineer function, it must be coordinated with physical-security personnel to be successful. A security-engineering survey is the process of identifying (by means of an on-site survey) engineering requirements associated with facility enhancements for physical security and antiterrorism, including an IDS installation. This type of survey should be conducted when planning new construction, renovations, or upgrades to existing facilities where there are likely to be physical-security requirements. A security-engineering survey may also be requested by the PM or an equivalent security officer to evaluate existing security. This survey—

  • Identifies assets to be protected.
  • Identifies threats to these assets and the level of protection required to protect them.
  • Identifies the protective measures.
  • Determines the cost of the protective measures.

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