Programs need annual funding to operate. This funding is obtained by devising and documenting a resource program that looks seven years out. Looking ahead one or two years is generally not a problem. Commanders must be able to describe future requirements in the out years so that money will be available when the program arrives in future years.
- The RJC6, which resources physical-security equipment purchase and maintenance.
- The QLPR, which resources law-enforcement operations (to include security guards and special-reaction teams).
- The VTER, which provides resources for projects and temporary programs that enhance any type of security due to an increase in terrorist threat.
J-2. Recurring VTER requirements are usually shifted to QLPR as standard requirements after a period of a few years. Installations send seven-year projected requirements to the MACOMs for submission into the Army's Program Objective Memorandum (POM), which is an annual significant event for resource managers at all levels. Installation requirements should be included in the POM build; otherwise, the installation's program loses visibility from the start of the funding process. Input format is determined locally, but a generic example of the format and the type of information requested is provided at Figure J-1.
J-3. Budget execution deals with the current fiscal year (October through September), with the exception of some types of dollars (appropriations) that are multiyear (such as procurement dollars that are executable for three years). Once the resource manager notifies an installation of its available annual funding, an obligation plan by month or quarter is developed to display how and when the funds will be spent. This obligation plan is also used to forecast when the program will run out of money, which in turn will justify the submission of an unfinanced requirement (UFR) to obtain the proper level of resources. Examples of an annual obligation plan and UFR are located at Figures J-2 and J-3 following.
J-4. The most common types of appropriations that managers will be involved with are day-to-day operations or mission (OMA) funds and procurement (OPA) dollars that must be used for major projects or equipment buys over the $100,000 threshold. Army Materiel Command (AMC) uses research, development, and engineering (RD&E) dollars for operations at US Army Test and Evaluation Command (TECOM) facilities and for testing new equipment. Construction projects over $500,000 use military construction (MILCON) funds.
J-5. Resources needed for physical security are the result of planning. Commanders include physical-security programs and improvements as a part of all annual budgets. When the situation changes based on METT-TC, physical-security programs are reviewed, updated and, when necessary, approved. Commanders allocate resources consistent with the threat. Force-protection requirements provide the fundamental reasons for resourcing physical security. Security managers, force-protection officers, and PMs help identify security requirements and prioritize expenditures. When physical-security improvements are not properly planned, integrated, and budgeted for, commanders accept risks for physical-security failures.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|