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Military

GLOSSARY

A²C²
Army airspace command and control

AADIC
area air defense commander

AAGS
Army Air-Ground System

AAWC
antiair warfare commander

AAWS
antiair warfare section

ABCA
American, British, Canadian, Australian

ABCCC
airborne battlefield command and control center

ACC
air component commander

ACCS
Army Command and Control System

ACE
analysis and control element (Army); aviation combat element (Air Force)

ACOM
United States Atlantic Command--a unified, maritime command

ACR
armored cavalry regiment

ACSIM
assistant chief of staff for installation management

active missile defense
measures taken to intercept, destroy, or negate the effects of an enemy missile launch

ACU
area common user

AD
air defense

ADA
air defense artillery

ADC
area damage control

ADCOM
air defense command

ADCON
administrative control

ADCOORD
air defense artillery coordinator

admin
administration

ADPE
automatic data processing equipment

ADPU
automatic data processing unit

AET
assessment and evaluation team

AFAC
airborne forward air controller

AFCC
Air Force component commander

AFCENT
Allied Forces Central Europe

AFSCC
Air Force service component command

AFSOC
Air Force special operations component

AFSOD
Air Force special operations detachments

AFSOE
Air Force special operations elements

AFSOF
Air Force special operations forces

AGCCS
Army Global Command and Control System

AHFEWS
Army High-Frequency Electronic Warfare System

AID
United States Agency for International Development

ALCOM
Alaskan Command

allocation
the translation of apportionment into total numbers of resources

all-source analysis system
a system that collects and fuses intelligence data to support the commander's decision-making process

ALOC
air lines of communication

AME
air mobility element

AMEDD
Army medical department

AMOPES
Army Mobilization and Operations Planning and Execution System

amphibious objective area
a geographical area--delineated in the initiating directive for command and control--within which the objectives to be secured by the amphibious task force are located

ANGLICO
air and naval gunfire liaison company

AO
area of operations

AOA
amphibious objective area

AOB
alternate operating base

AOC
air operations center

AofI
area of interest

AOR
area of responsibility

APA
Army pre-positioned afloat

APOD
aerial port of debarkation

apportionment
the determination and assignment of the total expected effort by percentage and/or by priority that should be devoted to the various air operations and/or geographic areas for a given period of time

area of assistance
area of land, sea, and air designated for the conduct of peacetime military operations other than war

area of conflict
area of land, sea, and air designated for the conduct of hostile military operations other than war

area of operations
a geographical area assigned to an army commander by a higher commander; the AO has lateral, forward, and rear boundaries that usually define it within a larger joint geographical area

area of responsibility
a defined area of land or sea in which responsibility is specifically assigned to the combatant commander of the theater for the development and maintenance of installations, control of movement, and conduct of joint operations involving troops under his control, along with parallel authority to exercise these functions

AREC
air resource element coordinator

ARL
aerial reconnaissance low

ARLO
Army liaison officer

ARFOR
Army forces, the headquarters and mission forces assigned to an Army service component command, subordinate joint force command, or multinational command

ARFOR commander
the senior army commander

Army Command and Control System
a system that encompasses the command and control systems, communications, and hardware and software required to implement the Army's portion of the Joint Operations Planning and Execution System and execute full-dimensional operations doctrine

Army service component commander
the senior army commander of an Army service component command assigned to a unified command; referred to as commander the ASCC: the ASCC performs service functions assigned by the UNAAF for the Army forces within the command and performs three strategic and operational-level tasks-- establishes linkages, conducts operations, and conducts support operations; the ASCC functions in both the operational and service chain of command

ARSOA
Army special operations aviation

ARSOC
Army special operations component

ARSOCC
Army special operations component commander

ARSOF
Army special operations forces

ASA-FM
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Financial Management

ASAS
all-source analysis system

ASCC
Army service component commander

ASCS
air support control section

ASE
Army support element

ASG
area support group

ASI
all-source intelligence

ASM
air-to-surface missile

ASMB
area support medical battalion

ASMP
Army Strategic Mobility Program

ASOC
air support operations center

assign
to place units or personnel in an organization where such placement is relatively permanent and the organization controls and administers the units or personnel for the primary function, or greater portion of the functions, of the unit or personnel

ASUWC
antisurface warfare commander

ASWC
antisubmarine warfare command

ATACMS
Army Tactical Missile System

ATARS
Advanced Tactical Air Reconnaissance System

ATCS
air traffic control section

ATF
amphibious task force

ATO
air tasking order

attack operations
actions taken to neutralize or destroy an adversary's ability to produce, deploy, and employ theater missiles

ATTN
attention

auto
automation

AUTODIN
automatic digital network

AVIM
aviation intermediate maintenance

AVUM
aviation unit maintenance

AWACS
Airborne Warning and Control System

battle
a series of related tactical engagements

battle command
the art of motivating and directing soldiers and their organizations into action to accomplish missions; includes visualizing a future state and formulating concepts of operations to achieve that state, assigning missions, prioritizing and allocating resources, and selecting the critical time and place to act

battle management and command, control, communications, and intelligence
the process of coordinating and integrating joint and service capabilities to conduct passive defense, active missile defense, and attack operations

battlefield coordination element
an Army fire support coordination element located at an Air Force air operations center whose function is to monitor and interpret the land battle situation and provide land force needs for tactical air support to the air operations center and the Air Force component commander

battle space
components determined by the maximum capabilities of a unit to acquire and dominate the enemy; includes areas beyond the AO; varies over time according to how the commander positions his assets

BCE
battlefield coordination element

BCOC
base cluster operations center

BDA
battle damage assessment

BDCT
base defense coordination team

bde
brigade

BDOC
base defense operations center

BIDS
biological identification/detection system

bn
battalion

branches
options for changing dispositions, orientation, or direction of movement and accepting or declining battle; branches preserve the commander's freedom of action

command and control

C²W
command and control warfare

C3
command, control, and communications

C3CM
command, control, and communications countermeasures

C3I
command, control, communications, and intelligence

C3IC
coalition coordination, communications, and integration center

C4
command, control, communications, and computers

C4I
command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence

C4IS
Command, Control, Communications, and Computers Information System

CA
civil affairs

C&C
collection and classification

CALL
Center for Army Lessons Learned

CAD
combat arms division

campaign
a series of related military operations designed to achieve one or more strategic or operational objectives within a given time and space

campaign plan
a plan for a series of related military operations aimed to achieve one or more strategic and operational objectives within a given time and space

CAP
crisis action planning

CAS
close air support

CATF
commander, amphibious task force

CCT
combat control team

C-Day
the unnamed day deployment operations commence

CDC
combat direction center

CENTCOM
United States Central Command

CFC
Combined Forces Command (Korea)

CHS
combat health support

CI
counterintelligence

CIA
Central Intelligence Agency

CID
criminal investigation division

CINC
the commander in chief of a unified or specified command

CINCPAC
Commander in Chief, Pacific

CJCS
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

CJTF
commander of the joint task force

CM
cruise missile

CMISE
corps military intelligence support element

CNR
combat net radio

co
company

COA
course of action

COCOM
combatant command

CofS
chief of staff

COID
combat operations intelligence division

combatant command
one of the unified or specified commands established by the President; nontransferable authority established by Title l0, United States Code, Section 134, exercised by combatant commanders; COCOM provides full authority to organize and employ commands and forces as the CINC considers necessary to accomplish assigned missions; the authority to perform those functions of command over assigned forces involving organizing and employing commands and forces, assigning tasks, designating objectives, and giving authoritative direction over all aspects of military operations, joint training, and logistics necessary to accomplish the missions assigned to the command

combatant commander
a commander in chief of a combatant command

combat power
the four primary elements--maneuver, firepower, protection, and leadership combine to create combat power--the ability to fight; through effective application and sustainment, in concert with one another, these elements will decide the outcome of campaigns, major operations, battles, and engagements

combat zone
that area required by combat forces for the conduct of operations forward of the ARFOR rear area boundary

COMCARGRU
commander, carrier battle group

comdt
commandant

commander's intent
a concise expression of the purpose of the operation, a description of the desired end state and how the posture of units at the current operation end state facilitates transition to future operations; may include the commander's vision of how operations will progress toward that end

communications zone
the rear part of the theater that is contiguous to the combat zone; contains those theater installations and organizations required to support combat and combat support forces; has a three-dimensional aspect and reaches back to the CONUS base

COMMZ
communications zone

compt
comptroller

COMSEC
communications security

COMSOC
commander of the special operations command

CONPLAN
operation plan in concept format

constraint
actions the commander must take or methods that must be employed

CONUS
continental United States

coordinating authority
the authority granted to a commander or individual assigned responsibility for coordinating specific functions or activities involving forces of two or more countries or commands, two or more services, or two or more forces of the same service; this authority can require consultation among involved agencies or their representatives but cannot compel agreement; unresolved disagreements are referred to the appropriate authority

CORDS
Civil Operations Revolutionary Development Support

COSCOM
corps support command

countermobility
to delay, channel, or stop offensive movement by the enemy in order to destroy enemy forces directly or indirectly by enhancing the effectiveness of friendly direct- and indirect-fire weapon systems

CP
command post

CRC
control and reporting center

crisis action planning
the JOPES process involving the time-sensitive development of joint operation plans and orders in response to an imminent crisis; follows prescribed crisis-action planning to formulate and implement an effective response within the time frame permitted by the crisis

CS
combat support

CSCE
communications system control element

CSD
combat support division

CSG
cryptologic support group

CSR
controlled supply rate

CSS
combat service support

CSSAMO
combat service support automation management office

CSSD
combat service support division

CSSE
combat service support element

CTF
combined task force

CVBG
carrier battle group

CWC
composite warfare commander

CZ
combat zone

D3
decide, detect, and deliver

D3A
decide, detect, deliver, and assess

DA
department of the Army

DASC
direct air support center

DASC-A
direct air support center (airborne)

DCA
defensive counterair

DCS
defense communications system

DCSENG
deputy chief of staff for engineers

DCSHNA
deputy chief of staff for host nation activity

DCSI
deputy chief of staff for intelligence

DCSIM
deputy chief of staff for information management

DCSLOG
deputy chief of staff for logistics

DCSOPS
deputy chief of staff for operations

DCSPER
deputy chief of staff for personnel

DCSRM
deputy chief of staff for resource management

DCS Sys Auto
deputy chief of staff for systems automation

DDN
Defense Data Network

DDS
data distribution system

DEA
Drug Enforcement Agency

deception
those measures designed to mislead the enemy by manipulating, distorting, or falsifying evidence to induce the enemy to react in a manner prejudicial to its interests

decide, detect, deliver
targeting process that identifies enemy targets for possible engagement and determines the appropriate system to be used to capture, destroy, degrade, or neutralize the target in question

decisive engagement
an engagement in which a unit is considered fully engagement committed and cannot maneuver or extricate itself; in the absence of outside assistance, the action must be fought to a conclusion and either won or lost with the forces at hand

Defense Logistics Agency
provides logistics support to the Army in areas of supply support, logistics services, and defense contract administrative support

deliberate planning
the JOPES process involving the development of joint operations plans for contingencies identified in joint strategic planning documents; conducted principally in peacetime; accomplished in prescribed cycles that complement other DOD planning cycles and in accordance with the formally established Joint Strategic Planning System
DEPCJTF
deputy commander of the joint task force

det
detachment

DFSA
designated finance support activity

DIA
Defense Intelligence Agency

direct support
a mission requiring a force to support another specific force and authorizing it to answer the supported force's request for assistance directly

DIRLAUTH
direct liaison authorized

DISA
Defense Information System Agency

DISE
Deployable Intelligence Support Element

DISNET
Defense Information Systems Network

div
division

DLA
Defense Logistics Agency

DMA
Defense Mapping Agency

DOCC
deep operations coordination center

DOD
Department of Defense

DOS
Department of State

DS
direct support

DSE
deception staff element

EAC
echelons above corps

EEI
essential elements of information

ELINT
electronic intelligence

EMP
electromagnetic pulse

engagement
small, tactical conflicts, usually between opposing maneuver forces

EOD
explosive ordnance disposal

EPW
enemy prisoner of war

EUCOM
United States European Command--a unified command

EUSA
Eighth United States Army--the Army component to Combined Forces Command, Korea

EW
electronic warfare

EW/C
early warning/control

FAC
forward air controller

FAC(A)
forward air controller (airborne)

FACP
forward air control post

FB
finance battalion

FC
finance command

FFA
free-fire area

FID
foreign internal defense

FLOT
forward line of own troops

FM
field manual

FOB
forward operating base

FORSCOM
United States Army Forces Command--the Army component of US Atlantic Command (a unified command)

FSCC
fire support coordination center

FSCL
fire support coordination line

FSE
fire support element

FSS
fire support section

FST
finance support team

G1
assistance chief of staff, personnel

G2
assistant chief of staff, intelligence

G3
assistant chief of staff, operations and plans

G4
assistant chief of staff, logistics

G5
assistant chief of staff, civil affairs

G6
assistant chief of staff, signal

GCCS
Global Command and Control System

GCE
ground combat element

GDP
general defense plan

GIE
global information environment

GLO
ground liaison officer

GP
general purpose

GS
general support

HCS
helicopter control section

helo
helicopter

HEMCO
heavy equipment maintenance company

HHB
headquarters and headquarters battery

HHC
headquarters and headquarters company

HHD
headquarters and headquarters detachment

HNS
host nation support

HQ
headquarters

HQDA
Headquarters, Department of the Army

HSS
health service support

HUMINT
human intelligence

hvy
heavy

I&W
indications and warnings

ICAC²
Integrated Combat Airspace Command and Control

IES
imagery exploitation system

IEW
intelligence and electronic warfare

IG
inspector general

IGSM
intermediate general support maintenance

IMA
information mission area

IMET
international military education and training

IMINT
imagery intelligence

infrastructure
a term generally applicable to all fixed and permanent installations, fabrications, or facilities for the support or control of military forces

INSCOM
United States Army Intelligence and Security Command

intel
intelligence

interdiction
an action to divert, disrupt, delay, or destroy the enemy's surface military potential before it can be effectively used against friendly forces

in-transit
the immediate access to data pertaining to the location

visibility
of materiel in transit from the provider to the requester

IO
international organizations

IPB
intelligence-preparation-of-the-battlefield

IPW
interrogation prisoner of war

IR
information requirements

ISB
intermediate support basing

ISC
integrated systems control

ISE
intelligence support element

ITO
integrated tasking order

J1
personnel directorate at a joint headquarters

J2
intelligence directorate at a joint headquarters

J3
operations directorate at a joint headquarters

J4
logistics directorate at a joint headquarters

J5
plans and policy directorate at a joint headquarters

J6
communications-electronics directorate at a joint headquarters

JCCC
joint communications control center

JCGRO
joint central graves registration office

JCIOC
joint counterintelligence operations center

JCMEB
joint civil-military engineering board

JCMEC
joint captured materiel exploitation center

JCS
Joint Chiefs of Staff

JCSE
joint communications support element

JDC
joint deployment community

JDEC
joint documents exploitation center

JFACC
joint force air component commander; a COCOM functional option

JFC
joint force commander

JFLCC
joint force land component commander; a COCOM functional option

JFMCC
joint force maritime component commander; a COCOM functional option

JFSOCC
joint force special operations component commander

JFUB
joint facilities utilization board

JIC
joint intelligence center

JIF
joint interrogation facility

JIPC
joint imagery processing center

JMAO
joint mortuary affairs office

JMBPO
joint military blood program office

JMC
joint movement center

JMCC
joint movement control center

JMEC
joint materiel exploitation center

JMFU
joint meteorological forecasting unit

JMRO
joint medical regulating office

JOA
joint operations area

JOC
joint operations center

joint command
a subordinate command of a unified command composed of joint forces and commanded by a subordinate joint force commander exercising operational control over the joint force

joint force
a general term applied to a force that is composed of significant elements of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force or two or more of these services operating under a subordinate joint force commander authorized to exercise operational control over joint forces or service components operating under a unified commander

joint operations area
that portion of an area of conflict in which a joint force commander conducts military operations pursuant to an assigned mission and the administration incident to such military operations

joint rear area
a specific land area within a joint force commander's area of operations that is designated to facilitate protection and operation of installations and forces supporting the joint force

joint rear area coordinator
the officer given responsibility for the overall securing of the JRA and for furnishing a secure environment to facilitate sustainment, host nation support, infrastructure development, and movements of the joint force

joint zone
an area established for the purpose of permitting friendly surface, air, and subsurface forces to operate simultaneously

JOPES
Joint Operations Planning and Execution System

JPO
joint petroleum office

JPOTF
joint psychological operations task force

JPOTG
joint psychological operations task group

JRA
joint rear area

JRAC
joint rear area coordinator

JKCC
joint rescue coordination center

JSCP
Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan

J-SEAD
joint suppression of enemy air defenses

JSOA
joint special operations area

JSOACC
joint special operations aviation component command

JSOCC
joint special operations component commander

JSOTF
joint special operations task force

JSPS
Joint Strategic Planning System

J-STARS
joint surveillance target and attack radar system

JTB
joint targeting board

JTCB
joint targeting coordination board

JTF
joint task force; a COCOM option

JTL
joint target list

JTLS
Joint Theater Logistics System

JTTP
joint tactics, techniques, and procedures

JULLS
Joint Universal Lessons Learned System

JZ
joint zone

LAAD
low altitude air defense

LAAM
light antiaircraft missile

lab
laboratory

LANDCENT
land component of Allied Forces Central Europe, subordinate to Allied Command Europe

LCC
land component commander

LEMCO
light equipment maintenance company

letter of instruction
a means for defining interagency linkages at the operational level

light forces
units from an Army light, airborne, or air assault division or ranger regiment

line of
all the routes--land, water and air--that connect an

communications
operating military force with a base of operations and along which supplies and military forces move

lines of operation
the directional orientation of a force in relation to the enemy; lines of operation connect the force with a base of operations and its objective

linkage
a relationship between two or more parties, elements, or commands in any form that formulates a mutual understanding, agreement, or exchange of information

littoral theater
a theater established on a shore or coastal region where major actions between land, sea, and air operations are combined and must be synchronized

lndry
laundry

LNO
liaison officer

LOC
line of communication

LOGCAP
Logistics Civil Augmentation Program

logistics
the process of planning and executing the movement and sustainment of operating forces to execute military strategy and operations; includes the design, development, acquisition, storage, movement, distribution, maintenance, evacuation, and disposition of materiel; the movement, evacuation, and hospitalization of personnel; the acquisition or construction, maintenance, operations, and disposition of facilities; and the acquisition or furnishing of services

logistics support element
a multifaceted logistical organization with a work force of DA civilians, military, and contractors that is easily tailored to meet theater logistics requirements; the LSE can control the interface among strategic, operational, and tactical logistics

LOI
letter of instruction

LPT
logistics-preparation-of-the-theater

LSE
logistics support element

MACOM
major Army command

MAGTF
Marine air-ground task force

main battle area
the portion of the battlefield in which the decisive battle is fought to defeat the enemy

maint
maintenance

major operation
the coordinated actions of large forces in a single phase of either a theater or subordinate campaign; a major operation could contain a number of battles or could be a single critical battle

MARLO
Marine liaison officer

MASINT
measurement and signatures intelligence

MATCS
Marine air traffic control squadron

MBA
main battle area

MCA
movement control agency

MCC
movement control center

MCCC
Marine Corps component commander

MCSF
mobile cryptological support facility

MDCI
multidiscipline counterintelligence

MEDCOM
medical command

MEF
Marine expeditionary force

METL
mission-essential task list

METT-T
mission, enemy, terrain, troops, and time available

MI
military intelligence

MIA
missing in action

military end state
the required military conditions determined by the theater commander and integrated into the campaign plan that, when achieved, attains the strategic objectives or allows the main effort to be assumed by other instruments of national power to achieve the final strategic end state

MILNET
military network

mission forces
Army forces assigned, attached, apportioned, or allocated with an ARFOR commander to an Army service component command, a subordinate joint force command, or a multinational command to conduct missions as assigned by these commands

MLRS
Multiple Launch Rocket System

MMC
materiel management center

MOA
memorandum of agreement

MOE
measures of effectiveness

MOOTW
military operations other than war

MOPP
mission-oriented protection posture

MOS
military occupational specialty

MOU
memorandum of understanding

MP
military police

MRS
Mobility Requirement Study

MSCC
Marine service component command

MTMC
Military Traffic Management Command

MWRO
morale, welfare, recreation office

multinational
diplomatic-military actions between two or more

operations
agencies, with armed forces of two or more nations, to achieve the strategic end state; alliances or coalitions can be formed to carry out these actions

NAF
Naval air facility

NAFI
nonappropriated fund instrumentalities

NALE
naval and amphibious liaison element

NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NAVSOF
naval special operations forces

NBC
nuclear, biological, chemical

NCA
National Command Authorities

NCC
Naval component commander

NEO
noncombatant evacuation operations

NFA
no-fire area

NGO
nongovernmental organization

NICP
national inventory control point

NIST
national intelligence support teams

NSA
National Security Agency

NSCC
Navy service component command

NSNW
nonstrategic nuclear weapons

NSOC
Navy special operations component

NSS
National Security Strategy

NSWTG
Naval special warfare task group

NSWTU
Naval special warfare task unit

NTACS
Navy Tactical Air Control System

obj
objective

OCONUS
outside the continental United States

OCA
offensive counterair

ODA
Special Forces Operational A Team

OP
operational projects

OPCOM
operational command

OPCON
operational control

operational art
the skillful employment of military forces to attain strategic and/or operational objectives through the design, organization, integration, and conduct of theater strategies, campaigns, major operations, and battles; operational art translates combatant command strategy and theater design into operational design and, ultimately, tactical action by integrating the key activities of all levels of war within the theater

operational design
the design element of Army operational art; the application of operational art includes the design, organization, and execution of subordinate campaigns and major operations.

operational firepower
to apply the amount of fire that may be delivered by operational forces through all available means and systems, the application of firepower and nonlethal means to achieve a decisive impact on the conduct of a campaign or major operation

operational-level logistics
military operations other than war activities during peacetime and conflict that do not necessarily involve armed clashes between organized forces

OPLAN
operations plan

opns
operations

OPORD
operations order

opposed entry
combat operations required to land deploying forces

OPSEC
operations security

OTC
officer in tactical command

PA
public affairs

PACOM
United States Pacific Command

PAO
public affairs officer

passive missile defense
those individual and collective measures taken to posture the force to minimize the effects of a missile attack

PE
peace enforcement

peacekeeping operations
operations using military forces and/or civilian personnel at the request of the parties to a dispute to help supervise a cease-fire agreement and/or separate the parties

PERSCOM
personnel command

PIR
priority intelligence requirements

plt
platoon

PM
provost marshal

POTF
psychological operations task force

PRC
population and resource control

PSD
personnel service directorate

PSS
personnel service support

PSYOP
psychological operations

PVO
private voluntary organization

QASAS
quality assurance specialist - ammunition surveillance

QSTAG
quadripartite standardization agreement

RAOC
rear area operations center

RCCM
regional contingency construction manager

RCEM
regional contingency engineering manager

RDTE
research, development, test, and evaluation

REAT
reconstitution assessment and evaluation team

recce
reconnaissance

renov
renovation

restrictions
prohibitions on specific actions or categories of actions

RFA
restricted fire area

RGFC
Republican Guard Forces Command

RISTA
reconnaissance, intelligence, surveillance, and target acquisition

ROC
rear operations center

ROE
rules of engagement

RPMA
real property maintenance activities

RPV
remotely piloted vehicle

RSI
rationalization, standardization, and interoperability

rules of engagement
directives issued by competent military authority that delineate the circumstances and limitations under which US forces will initiate and/or continue combat engagement with other encountered forces

RWCM
regional wartime construction manager

S1
personnel officer

S2
intelligence officer

S3
operations and training officer

S4
supply officer

S5
civil affairs officer

S&S
supply and services

SACC
supporting arms coordination center

SAILS
Standard Army Intermediate Level Supply System

SALT
supporting arms liaison team

Sandcrab
AN/TLQ-17A; a jamming/direction-finding system

SAO
security assistance office

SAPO
subarea petroleum office

SEAD
suppression of enemy air defenses

SECDEF
Secretary of Defense

sequels
actions after operations; sequels are an important means of anticipating the course of action and accelerating the decision cycle; they are based on the possible outcomes of operations--victory/success, defeat/failure, or stalemate; they establish general dispositions, objectives, and missions for subsequent subordinate operations; they can be amended as necessary and ordered into effect

SF
Special Forces

SFOB
Special Forces operating base

SIGINT
signals intelligence

SIGSEC
signal security

SJA
staff judge advocate

SLOC
sea lines of communication

SOA
special operations aviation

SOC
special operations command

SOCCE
special operations command and control element

SOCOM
United States Special Operations Command

SOCOORD
special operations coordination element

SOF
special operations forces

SOFA
status of forces agreement

SOFSCC
special operations forces component command

SOI
signal operating instructions

SOSC
special operations support command

SOTSE
special operations theater support element

SOUTHCOM
United States Southern Command

SPACECOM
United States Space Command

split-based operations
dividing logistics management functions so that only those functions absolutely necessary are deployed, allowing some management functions to be accomplished from CONUS or another theater

SPO
security, plans, and operations

SPOD
seaports of debarkation

sqdns
squadrons

SRA
separated reporting activities

STRATCOM
United States Strategic Command

strategic advantage
the overall relative power relationship of opponents that enables one nation or group of nations to effectively control the course of a military/diplomatic situation

strategic concentration
the assembly of a designated force in areas from which intended operations shall begin so that the force is best disposed to initiate the plan of campaign

strategic end state
the set of required diplomatic, economic, informational, and military conditions integrated by the NCA in national security policy to achieve a desired strategic outcome or national security objectives in a crisis situation

sup
supply

supported CINC
the CINC for the theater of focus; see also supporting CINC

supporting CINC
a CINC for an economy-of-force theater or deferred theater; theater resources may be reallocated/reoriented toward support for the theater of focus; see also supported CINC

SVS
Secure Voice System

SWC
strike warfare commander

SWO
staff weather officer

sys auto
systems automation

TAACOM
theater army area command

TAADCOM
theater army air defense command

TAC
tactical air coordinator

TAC(A)
tactical air coordinator (airborne)

TACAIR
tactical air

TACC
tactical air command center (USMC); tactical air control center (USN)

TACOM
tactical command

TACON
tactical control

TACP
tactical air control party

TACS
theater air control system

TACSAT
tactical satellite

TADC
tactical air direction center

TAI
target area of interest

TALCE
theater airlift control element

TALSM
theater army logistics system manager

TAMCA
theater army movement control agency

TAML
theater army medical laboratory

TAMMC
theater army materiel management center

TAOC
tactical air operations center

TAPOC
theater army personnel operations center

TBM
tactical ballistic missile

TCAE
technical control and analysis element

TCF
tactical combat force

TDA
table of distribution and allowances

TECHINT
technical intelligence

TENCAP
tactical exploitation of national capabilities

TF
task force

TFC
theater finance command

THAAD
theater high-altitude air defense

theater
the geographical area outside the continental United States for which a commander of a unified or specified command has been assigned military responsibility

theater base
a sizable portion of the joint rear area containing logistics facilities, such as ports of debarkation, marshaling areas, logistics stockage areas, movement control points, logistics headquarters and units, and the rear portion of the intratheater communications zone, together with airfields and air bases, transitioning land forces, theater missile defense forces, the theater rear headquarters, and strategic reserves

theater design
the theater commander's strategic intent to be derived by a strategic estimate and translated into his theater strategy and campaign plans, which provide strategic direction and operational focus to the principal subordinates

theater missile defense
protection against theater missile attack through an integrated and coordinated mix of mutually supporting measures, all service components participate in TMD; TMD for force projection, forward presence, reinforcing forces, and designated theater strategic assets, such as ports, airfields, or civilian population centers, must be considered; supporting measures are called TMD pillars and entail passive missile defense, active missile defense, attack operations, and battle management and C3I

theater of operations
that portion of a theater of war necessary for military operations to achieve an assigned mission and for the support incident to the operations

theater of war
that area of air, land, sea, and space that is or may become directly involved in the operations of war

theater strategic environment
a composite of the conditions, circumstances, and influences in the theater that describe the diplomatic-military situation, affect the employment of military forces, and affect the decisions of the operational chain of command

theater strategic maneuver
the employment of unified and joint forces from positions of strategic concentration against the strategic center of gravity to achieve the military end states within the strategic end state

THREATCON
terrorist threat conditions

threat conditions
a system that provides procedures for terrorism analysts to assess the terrorist threat and for commanders to determine appropriate security measures based on the assessed threat of terrorist attack

TOC
tactical operations center

TOE
table of organization and equipment

total asset visibility
the immediate access to data pertaining to the location of aircraft, ships, trucks, and trains moving equipment and supplies from the provider to the requester

TOR
terms of reference

TPFDD
time-phased force and deployment data

TPFDL
time-phased force and deployment list

TRADOC
United States Army Training and Doctrine Command

trans
transportation

Trackwolf
AN/TSQ-152(V); operational-level, high frequency skywave communications-intelligence collection and direction-finding system used to support the operational-level commander

TRANSCOM
United States Transportation Command

Trojan
AN/TSQ-190(V); intelligence dissemination satellite terminal that provides access for intelligence processing and dissemination systems

U-2R
variant of U-2 aircraft sensing platform

UAV
unmanned aerial vehicle

UCP
Unified Command Plan

UN
United Nations

UNAAF
Unified Action Armed Forces

unified force
a general term applied to a force composed of joint, service, special, and supporting forces operating under the command of a unified commander and in conjunction with or for interagency, United Nations, or multinational forces

Unified Command Plan
the document, approved by the President, which sets forth basic guidance to all unified combatant commanders, establishes their missions, responsibilities, and force structure; delineates the general geographical area of responsibility for geographic combatant commanders; and specifies functional responsibilities for functional combatant commanders

unified operations
a strategic operation encompassing the wide scope of subordinate actions taking place within theater unified commands under the overall direction of the commanders of those commands; a unified operation integrates joint, single-service, special, and supporting operations in conjunction with interagency, nongovernmental, private voluntary, multinational, or United Nations operations into a unity of effort in the theater

US
United States

USA
United States Army

USACOM
United States Atlantic Command

USACE
United States Army Corps of Engineers

USAF
United States Air Force

USAID
United States Agency for International Development

USAF
United States Air Force

USAMC
United States Army Materiel Command

USARJ
United States Army, Japan

USARPAC
United States Army, Pacific

USASOC
United States Army Special Operations Command

USC
United States Code

USFJ
United States Forces, Japan

USFK
United States Forces, Korea

USIA
United States Information Agency

USMC
United States Marine Corps

USN
United States Navy

USPW
United States prisoner of war

USSOCOM
United States Special Operations Command

USTAPERSCOM
United States Total Army Personnel Command

USTRANSCOM
United States Transportation Command

UW
unconventional warfare

UXO
unexploded ordnance

WMD
weapons of mass destruction

WOC
wing operations center

WWMCCS
Worldwide Military Command and Control System



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