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This manual provides guidance for the full range of peace operations, to include support to diplomacy (peacemaking, peace building, and preventive diplomacy), peacekeeping (PK), and peace enforcement (PE). It addresses the environment of peace operations, related concepts, principles, and fundamentals, to include planning, operational considerations, training, and supporting functions. This manual is for commanders and staffs charged with the responsibility for peace operations to assist them in planning and conducting operations. It is also useful to nonmilitary agencies and foreign military units conducting related operations.

This manual supports soldiers and leaders who execute peace operations. It serves as the foundation for further development of US Army tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) manuals and refinement of existing training support packages (TSPs), mission training plans (MTPs), training center and unit exercises, and service school curricula. It drives the examination of organizations and materiel developments applicable to peace operations.

Commanders will face ambiguous situations and uncertainty in peace operations. They are obligated to set clear objectives, define the mission, firmly guide operations, and measure progress and success. In order to assist commanders and their staffs, this manual explains the principles and tenets of peace operations and their applications; describes likely peace operations; and discusses command, control, coordination, and liaison requirements and other unique planning considerations. It also provides information concerning the UN and other organizations that may participate in peace operations.

This manual incorporates lessons learned from recent peace operations and existing doctrine to provide a framework for development in the conduct of peace operations. It builds on the discussions of peacekeeping and peace enforcement in FM 100-5(1) and applies to operations conducted by Army forces in joint, multinational, or interagency environments. It outlines selected considerations for linkages between Army units and certain nongovernmental and international organizations involved in such operations.

The basis of this manual is the US Army's expertise in conducting missions on land as a demonstration of US resolve and commitment to international peace, security, and stability. It provides guidelines for implementation of deterrence and compliance measures during peace operations in support of US National Security Strategy (NSS), National Military Strategy (NMS), and US policy.

The proponent of this manual is HQ TRADOC. Send comments and recommendations on DA Form 2028 directly to Commander, US Army Training and Doctrine Command, ATTN: ATDO-A, Fort Monroe, VA 23651-5000. Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men

1. Operations, 14 June 1993.

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