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GLOSSARY


A

A2C2 Army airspace command and control.
Consists of actions that ensure the synchronized use of airspace and enhance the C2 of the forces using airspace. A2C2 includes the organizations, personnel, facilities, and procedures needed to perform the airspace control function. When linked with the airspace control authority by communications, standardized procedures, and liaison, A2C2 becomes part of the theater integrated airspace control system.

AADC area air defense commander.
In a unified command, subordinate unified command, or joint task force, the commander will assign overall responsibility for air defense to a single commander. Normally, this will be the component commander with the preponderance of air defense capability and the command, control, and communications capability to plan and execute integrated air defense operations. Representation from the other components involved will be provided, as appropriate, to the area air defense commander's headquarters. (JP 1-02.)

AAGS Army air-ground system

AALPS automated air loading planning system

AAW anti-air warfare

ABCCC airborne battlefield command and control center

ABCS Army battle command system

ABS automatic briefing system

ACA airspace control authority

ACB air campaign branch

ACC air component commander

ACE analysis and control element; aviation combat element

ACM airspace control measures

ACO airspace control order.
An order implementing the airspace control plan that provides the details of the approved requests for airspace control measures. It is published either as part of the air tasking order or as a separate document. (JP 1-02.)

ACP airspace control plan.
A document approved by the JFC that provides specific planning guidance and procedures for the airspace control system for the joint force AOR. (JP 1-02)

AD air defense

ADA air defense artillery.
The part of the Army responsible for protecting the force and selected geopolitical assets from aerial attack, missile attack, and surveillance. Weapons and equipment for actively combating air targets from the ground.

ADE air defense element

admin administration

ADOCS automated deep operations coordination system

ADP automatic data processing

ADSI air defense system integrator

ADW air defense warning

Air Defense Warning Conditions.
A degree of air raid probability according to the following code. The term air defense division/sector referred to herein may include forces and units afloat and/or deployed to forward areas, as applicable.

Air defense warning yellow - attack by hostile aircraft and/or missiles is probable. This means that hostile aircraft and/or missiles are en route toward an air defense division/sector, or unknown aircraft and/or missiles suspected to be hostile are en route toward or are within an air defense division/sector.

Air defense warning red - attack by hostile aircraft and/or missiles is imminent or is in progress. This means that hostile aircraft and/or missiles are within an air defense division/sector or are in the immediate vicinity of an air defense division/sector with high probability of entering the division/sector.

Air defense warning white - attack by hostile aircraft and/or missiles is improbable. May be called either before or after air defense warning yellow or red. The initial declaration of air defense emergency will automatically establish a condition of air defense warning other than white for purposes of security control of air traffic. (JP 1-02.)

AFATDS automated field artillery tactical data system

AFB air force base

AFFOR air force forces

AFIWC Air Force information warfare center

AFLO Air Force liaison officer

AGCCS Army global command and control system.
Replacement system for the standard theater army command and control system (STACCS).

AGOS Air-Ground Operations School

Al air interdiction.
Air operations conducted to destroy, neutralize, or delay the enemy's military potential before it can be brought to bear effectively against friendly forces at such distance from friendly forces that detailed integration of each air mission with the fire and movement of friendly forces is not required. (JP 1-02.)

AIG address indicator groups

AIO air intelligence officer

AIRSUPREQ air support request

ALCC airlift coordination cell

allocation (air)
The translation of the apportionment decision into total numbers of sorties by aircraft type available for each operation and task.

ALLOREQ allocation request

AMC air mobility command

AME air mobility element

AMS Air Mobility School

AMSS air mobility support squadron

ANGLICO air and naval gunfire liaison company

AO area of operations.
Surface (land or sea) commanders subordinate to a JFC (or joint task force commander) have areas of operations designated by the JFC.

AOA amphibious objective area

AOC air operations center

AOR area of responsibility.
The geographical area associated with a combatant command within which a combatant commander has authority to plan and conduct operations (re: JCS J-7 Memo, 20 Oct 94, Subject: Joint Pubs Terminology Promulgations). Joint force commanders (including joint task force commanders) have areas of responsibility designated by the authority establishing the joint force.

apportionment (air)
The determination and assignment of the total expected air effort by percentage and/or by priority that should be devoted to the various air operations or geographic areas for a given period of time.

APS advanced planning system

ARFOR Army forces

ASAS all source analysis system

ASCC Army service component commander

ASCS air support control section

ASI additional skill identifier

ASOC air support operations center

ASWC antisubmarine warfare commander

ATA Army technical architecture

ATACMS Army tactical missile system

ATC air traffic control

ATCS air traffic control section

ATCCS Army tactical command and control system

ATF amphibious task force

ATM air tasking message

ATMCT air terminal movement control team

ATMD Army theater missile defense

ATO air tasking office; air tasking order

ATOB air tasking order branch

ATOC air terminal operations center

ATOCONF air tasking order conference

ATS air traffic services.
Air traffic services are defined as services performed by air traffic control specialists or air traffic organizations across the range of military operations. The services include but are not limited to: Army airspace command and control (A2C2) services, airspace information services, terminal services, forward area support services, landing area and airfield services, NAVAID services, and air traffic control maintenance services.

AW air warfare

AWC air warfare commander

AWS air warfare section

AWACS airborne warning and control system


B

BCD battlefield coordination detachment

BCE battlefield coordination element

BCTP battle command training program

BDA battle damage assessment

BDZ base defense zones

BMC4I ballistic missile command, control, communications, computer, and intelligence


C

C2 command and control

C2W command and control warfare

C3I command, control, communication and intelligence

C4I command, control, communication, computers and intelligence

CAF combat air force

CAFMS computer assisted force management system

CAP combat air patrol

CAS close air support.
Air action by fixed- and rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets which are in close proximity to friendly forces and which require detailed integration of each air mission with the fire and movement of those forces. (JP 1-02.)

CAT crisis action team

CATF commander amphibious task force

CCG commander carrier group

CCIR commander's critical intelligence requirements

C-CS communications-computer systems

CESI communications-electronic standing instructions

CG AWC carrier group air warfare commander

CID combat intelligence division

CINC commander-in-chief

CLF commander landing force

COA course of action

COE common operating environment

COD combat operations division

COMAFFOR commander air force forces

COMARFOR commander, Army forces

COMSEC communications security

CONOPS concept of operations

counterair
A USAF term for air operations conducted to attain and maintain a desired degree of air superiority by the destruction or neutralization of enemy forces. Both air offensive and air defensive actions are involved. The former range throughout enemy territory and are generally conducted at the initiative of the friendly forces. The latter are conducted near or over friendly territory and are generally reactive to the initiative of enemy air forces. (JP 1-02.)

COTC CTAPS Operator Technician Course

CPD combat plans division

CRC control and reporting center

CRTD commander's real-time tactical display

CSS combat service support

CSSC combat service support center

CSSCS combat service support control system

CTAPS contingency theater automated planning system

CTF commander task force

CTIPS command and control information processing system

CTOC corps tactical operations center

CTT commander's tactical terminal

CV AREC carrier air element coordinator

CVW STWC carrier air wing strike warfare commander

CWC composite warfare commander


D

DA Department of the Army

D/AACO departure/arrival airfield control group

DASC direct air support center

datum
The mathematical model of the earth used to calculate the coordinates on any map, chart, or survey system. Many countries use their own datums when they make their maps and surveys. These "local datums" may be completely different from those used by US Forces.

DCI director of combat intelligence

DCO director of combat operations

DESIGAREA designated area

DESRON destroyer squadron

DIRMOBFOR director of mobility forces

DISUM daily intelligence summary

DMCC deputy mission crew commander (on board J-STARS)

DMS defense message system

DO deputy commander of operations

DOB defensive operations branch

DOCC deep operations coordination center

DOD Department of Defense

DZ drop zone


E

EA electronic attack

EAC echelon above corps

EW electronic warfare

EUSA Eighth US Army


F

FAADC3I forward area air defense command, control, communications, and intelligence

FAADS forward area air defense systems.
Weapons normally employed to support maneuver forces, defending the supported commander's most critical assets against attack by enemy close air support aircraft and helicopters. They are also used in rear areas to defend such critical assets as air and sea ports of entry, command and control facilities, logistical bases, air bases, and other key sites in the theater and/or corps area.

FDS fire direction system

FEZ flight engagement zone

FLOT forward line of own troops.
A line which indicates the most forward positions of friendly forces in any kind of military operation at a specific time. The FLOT normally identifies the forward location of covering and screening forces.

FM field manual

FORSCOM Forces Command

FP force projection

FSCL fire support coordination line

FSCM fire support coordination measures

FSE fire support element


G

GAT guidance, apportionment, and targeting.
A name applied to the meeting used in some commands to address these agenda items during the conduct of the joint targeting cycle and development of the joint ATO.

GCCS global command and control system

GDSS global decision support system

GLO ground liaison officer

GPS global positioning system.
A receiver which allows the user to read his location coordinates in any of several datums; some permit user specified datums.

GTN global transportation network


H

HCS helicopter coordination section

HDC helicopter control center

HF high frequency

HIMAD high-to-medium-altitude air defense.
HIMAD systems are deployed to defend the theater and/or corps commander's high priority assets and forces against hostile air and missile attack.

HN host nation

HQ headquarters

HPT high-payoff target (Army, USMC).
The high value targets identified through war-gaming as essential to be acquired and attacked to support the successful accomplishment of the commander's mission. War-gaming provides the expected time and location of acquisition and attack to support synchronization, and assists matching of appropriate acquisition and attack systems to each HPT.

HVT high-value target (Army, USMC).
The targets identified by the intelligence officer as critical to the success of the enemy commander's plan. The intelligence officer identifies these during IPB and briefs them in his intelligence estimate as critical to the success of the most threatening and/or most likely enemy courses of action.


I

ICM intelligence correlation module; improved conventional munitions

ICP inter-theater COMSEC package

IFF identification friend or foe.
A system using electromagnetic transmissions to which equipment carried by friendly forces automatically responds, for example, by emitting pulses, thereby distinguishing themselves from enemy forces (Joint Pub 1-02). Note: Not all IFF models are encrypted.

immediate mission request:
A request for an air strike on a target which by its nature could not be identified sufficiently in advance to permit detailed mission coordination and planning.

IMOM improved many on many

Intel intelligence

INTERCOM internal communications

INTSUM intelligence summary

IPB intelligence preparation of the battlefield


J

JAOC joint air operations center

JAOSC Joint Air Operations Staff Course

JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff

JDACC Joint Doctrine Air Campaign Course

JDSS joint decision support system

JFACC joint force air component commander

JFC joint force commander

JFCA joint force commander's agent

JFCC Joint Firepower Control Course

JFLCC joint force land component commander

JFSOCC joint force special operations component commander

JI joint inspection

JIC joint intelligence center

JINTACCS joint interoperability of tactical command and control systems

JIPTL joint integrated prioritized target list

JMC joint movements center

JMEM joint munitions effectiveness manual

JMIC Joint Military Intelligence Collage

JMPP joint message preparation and parsing

JOA joint operations area

JOC joint operations center

JOPES joint operations planning and execution system

JOTS joint operational tactical system

JP joint publication

JSAC joint supporting arms coordination

JSE joint support element

J-SEAD joint suppression of enemy air defenses

JSOI joint signal operating instructions

JSOTF joint special operations task force

JSRC joint search and rescue center

J-STARS joint surveillance and target acquisition radar system

JTA joint technical architecture

JTCB joint targeting coordination board

JTL joint target list

JTF joint task force

JTMD joint theater missile defense

JTTP joint tactics, techniques, and procedures


L

LAN local area network

LCC land component commander

LO liaison officer

LRC logistics readiness center

LRP limited response package

LZ landing zone


M

MAAP master air attack plan

MACCS Marine air command and control system

MAGTF Marine air-ground task force

MACOM major command

MARFOR Marine Corps forces

MARLO Marine liaison officer

MAWTS Marine Air Weapons Tactical Squadron

MCS maneuver control system

MCS/P maneuver control system-Phoenix

MEH material handling equipment

METL mission essential task list

MI military intelligence

MISREP mission report

MLRS multiple launch rocket system

MSE mobile subscriber equipment


N

NAF numbered air force

NAI named area of interest.
The geographic area where information that will satisfy a specific information requirement can be collected.

NALE naval liaison element

NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NAVAID navigation aids.
Devices placed on the ground which help aircraft in navigation.

NAVAMPHIBASE Naval Amphibious Base

NAVFOR naval forces

NBC nuclear, biological, and chemical

NCO noncommissioned officer

NCOIC noncommissioned officer in charge

NGLO naval gunfire liaison officer

NTACS Navy tactical air control system


O

OOB offensive operations branch

OPCON operational control

opns operations

OPLAN operations plan

OPORD operations order

OPSEC operations security

OPTASKLINK operational tasking data link

OSA operational support airlift


P

PAX passenger

PIR priority intelligence requirements

PLAD plain address

PLANORDCHNG plans/orders change

POL petroleum, oil, and lubricant

preplanned mission request
A request for an air strike on a target which can be anticipated sufficiently in advance to permit detailed mission coordination and planning. Normally reflected in the ATO.

PSS plans and support section

PSYOP psychological operations

PZ pick-up zone


Q

QRP quick response package


R

RAAP rapid application of air power

RAP rocket assisted projectile

RAMCC regional air movement control center

RCC rescue coordination center

RECCE reconnaissance

REM route evaluation module

RI route indicator

RISTA reconnaissance, intelligence, surveillance, and target acquisition

ROE rules of engagement

RPV remotely piloted vehicle


S

SAAFR standard use Army aircraft flight routes.
Routes which are established below the coordinating altitude to ease the movement of Army aviation assets. Normally, these routes are located in the corps through brigade rear area of operations.

SAC supporting arms coordinator

SACC supporting arms coordination center

SADO senior air defense officer

SAM surface-to-air missile

SASO stability and support operations

SATCOM satellite communications system

SAWC sector air warfare coordinator

SEMA special electronic mission aircraft.
All US Army intelligence collection and dissemination aircraft.

SIF selective identification feature.
A capability which, when added to the basic IFF system, provides the means to transmit, receive, and display selected coded replies. (Joint Pub 1-02.)

SINCGARS single-channel ground and airborne radio system

SITMAP situation map

SITREP situation report

SOCCE special operations command and control element

SOCOORD special operations coordinator

SOF special operations force

SOLE special operations liaison element

SOP standing operating procedures

SORTIEALOT sortie allotment

SPINS special instructions

SPT.GEOM support geometry

STACCS standard theater army command and control system

STU secure telephone unit

SUWC surface warfare commander

SWO senior watch officer

SYSAD system administration

SYSCONN system control center


T

TACC tactical air control center (Navy); tactical air command center (Marine)

TACFIRE tactical fire direction system

TACOPDAT tactical operations data

TACRON tactical air control squadron.
Land based--A flexible, administrative component of a tactical air control group, which provides the control mechanism for a land-based tactical air control center (TACC), a tactical air direction center (TADC), or tactical air control parties. Ship based--Provides the control mechanism for the ship-based TADC or ship-based TACC.

TAC tactical air controller

TACS theater air control system

TADC tactical air direction center

TADIL-A tactical data information link-Army

TADIL-J tactical data information link-joint

TAI target area of interest.
The geographic area where high-value targets can be acquired and engaged by friendly forces. Not all TAIs form part of the friendly course of action. Only TAIs associated with high-payoff targets identified during war-gaming are of interest to the staff.

TAIS tactical airspace integration system

TALO theater air liaison officer

TAMCA theater army movement control agency

TAO tactical air officer

TAOC tactical air operations center

TAR tactical air reconnaissance; tactical air request

TASM tactical air support module

TBM tactical ballistic missile

TDDS tactical data display system

TIBS tactical information broadcast system

TM theater missile

TMD theater missile defense

TMDA target management display and analysis

TNL target nomination list

TOC tactical operations center

TPFDD time-phased force deployment data

TRACE total risk assessment cost estimate

TRAP tactical related applications

TRP theater response package


U

UAV unmanned aerial vehicle.
A powered, aerial vehicle that does not carry a human operator, uses aerodynamic forces to provide vehicle lift, can fly autonomously or be piloted remotely, can be expendable or recoverable, and can carry a lethal or nonlethal payload. Ballistic or semi-ballistic vehicles, cruise missiles, and artillery projectiles are not considered unmanned aerial vehicles. (Joint Pub 1-02.)

UHF ultrahigh frequency

ULN unit line number

US United States

USAF United States Air Force

USAFAS United States Field Artillery School

USAFE United States Air Force Europe

USAFEJCOC United States Army Forces Europe Joint Combat Operations Course

USAR United States Army Reserve

USAREUR United States Army Europe

USMC United States Marine Corps

USMTF United States message text format

USPACOM United States Pacific Command


W

WAN wide area network

weapons control status
The three types of weapon control used by a commander to control the fires of air defense artillery weapons. Different status may be applied to fixed- and rotary-winged aircraft. These are weapons free -- engage all aircraft not positively identified as friendly; weapons tight -- engage all aircraft positively identified as hostile; weapons hold -- engage aircraft for self-defense.

WEZ weapons engagement zone.
Consists of defined dimensions of airspace. A WEZ will be designated by the type of weapons system which will be responsible for the defined airspace. For example, a FEZ is a fighter engagement zone where aircraft will engage the enemy air threat in the defined volume of airspace.

WSB weather support branch

WSFFT water survival frequent flyer training.




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