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Military

CHAPTER 5

Information Networking

This chapter outlines the information required to operate an A²C² system. The matrixes depict the primary players at the various headquarters organizations--ranging from the BCE to the maneuver battalion. The information required, the source of the information, the element of the staff using the information, and the expected uses of the information are shown at the matrixes. The information shown is not all inclusive, nor will all of it be required in every scenario; it is situation dependent.

BATTLEFIELD COORDINATION ELEMENT

The A²C² element representing the LCC is located in the BCE. A plans division and an operations division are part of the BCE.

PLANS DIVISION

The BCE representative in the plans division needs information on all requests for control measures and restrictions to interface within the TACC's airspace control center. (See Chapter 2 for control measures and restrictions.) This information is provided by the appropriate corps A²C² elements. Other information required by the BCE representative in the plans division includes:

  • FLOT location and FSCL location.

  • Friendly surface-to-air missile location and associated coverage.

  • AD weapons control status.

  • Significant planned indirect fires, particularly fires forward of the FSCL.

  • Planned RPV operations and launch sites.

  • A²C² priorities.

  • ATO and ACO.

  • Disposition of Army airfields and principal landing sites.

The BCE A²C² representative, in coordination with the TACC combat plans division, provides approval or disapproval notification for Army airspace requests, orders, and recommendations to the appropriate requesting corps A²C² element (G3), corps FSE, or CRC. Additionally, the BCE representative provides the current Air Force airspace utilization priorities, control measures or restrictions, and all other elements of information necessary for the corps to maintain a complete A²C² picture.

OPERATIONS DIVISION

To interface with the TACC combat operations division, the BCE representative in the operations division needs information concerning the following:

  • Requests for immediate changes to the current A²C² plan (as established in the control plan, ATO, or ACO).

  • Changes to the weapons control status.

  • Changes to the ADA HIMAD locations.

  • Changes to FLOT and, or boundaries.

  • Additions or changes to the significant planned indirect fires.

  • Procedural changes to IFF or SIF.

  • ATO and ACO.

  • RPV or UAV missions above the coordinating altitude.

  • Locations of instrumented airfields.

  • Movement of Army airfields.

  • Reduction or suspension of Army air traffic management services.

The matrix at Figure 5-1 depicts BCE vertical informational requirements.

Fig. 5-1.       BCE VERTICAL INFORMATION NETWORKING
Information Required
Received From
Action Officer
Action/Output*
OPORD/OPLAN
(includes A²C² annex)
--Corps



Corps A²C² Elements
Corps G3s


BCE A²C² Element



P, C

A²C² Control
Measures/Restrictions

--Requests

--Approval



Corps A²C² Elements

TACC, ACC



BCE A²C² Element

BCE A²C² Element



C, A

D
--Corps A²C²
Elements
--ADA Bde
FLOT Corps A²C² Elements
Corps G3s
BCE A²C² Element P, C, D
A²C² Priorities
--Army


--Air Forces
Corps A²C² Elements



Combat Ops
BCE A²C² Element



BCE A²C² Element
P, C, D
--TACC Combat
Ops

P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Elements
ATO/Airspace Control Order TACC Combat Ops BCE A²C² Element P,C
ATO Issuing TimesCorps A²C² ElementsBCE A²C² ElementP, C, D
IFF/SIF Procedures CRC BCE A²C² Element D
--Corps A²C²
Elements
--TACC, A²C²
Unscheduled, Large
Formation Missions
TACC Combat OpsBCE A²C² Element C, D,
--Corps A²C²
Elements
--ADA Bde

NBC Contaminated Areas
Corps A²C² Elements BCE A²C² Element P, C, D
--TACC
Combat Ops
Friendly ECM Activities
(affecting avionics)
Corps A²C² Elements/
G2
BCE A²C² Element P, C, D
--TACC
Combat Ops
and Plans
SEMA/RPVs/UAVs (above
coordinating altitude)
Corps A²C² Elements/
G2/Corps FSE
BCE A²C² Element
P, C, D
--TACC
Combat Ops
and Plans
ADA Locations/Status
(HIMAD)
Corps A²C² Elements
ADA Bde
BCE A²C² Element P, C
ADA Weapons Control
Status
--Requests

--Approvals


Corps A²C² Elements/
G3
CRC


BCE A²C² Element

BCE A²C² Element


P, C, A

D
--Corps A²C²
Elements
Army ADA Priorities Corps A²C² Elements/
G3
BCE A²C² Element C, D
--TACC
Combat Ops
AD Warnings CRC
Corps A²C² Elements
BCE A²C² Element C, D
--Corps A²C²
Elements
--ADA Bde
--TACC
Defensive
Duty
Officer
ADA Weapons Engagement
Zones/Weapons Coverage
CRC
TACC Plans
ADA Bde
BCE A²C² Element P,C, D
--Corps A²C²
Elements
Significant Planned
Indirect Fires
Corps FSE/
Corps A²C² Elements
BCE A²C² Element P, C
Fire Support
Coordination Measures
Corps FSE
Corps A²C² Elements
BCE A²C² Element C
Locations and Status
--Army Articles

--NAVAIDs


--FOC/FCC

Corps A²C² Elements
Corps Avn Units
Corps A²C² Elements
ATS Group/Bn
Corps A²C² Elements
ATS Group/Bn

BCE A²C² Element

BCE A²C² Element

BCE A²C² Element

P, C, D
--TACC ACC
P, C, D
--TACC ACC
P, C, D
--TACC ACC

SAAFRs

Corps A²C² Elements

BCE A²C² Element

P, C, A
(if above
coordinating
altitude
P-Planning
D-Distribution
C-Coordination
ACC-Airspace Control Center
A-Approval
*Action/output assumes each A²C² element section
passes information it obtains to its parent unit.

CORPS A²C² ELEMENT

The corps A²C² element has staff responsibility for A²C² within the corps area. The corps A²C² element staff function requires information provided from the sources listed in Figure 5-2. The staff elements utilizing this information are shown by duty position.

Fig 5-2. COPRS A²C² ELEMENT LATERAL INFORMATION NETWORKING
CORPS A²C² ELEMENT STAFF ELEMENTS
INFORMATION ITEMS

G3 Air
Corps
Aviation
Officer
Corps ADA
Liaison
Officer
Air Traffic
Services Liaison
Officer
Fire
Support
Coordinator
Air
Liaison
Officer
OPORDS/OPLANS (includes A²C² annex)
ATO/airspace control order
Airspace control issuing times
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X


X
Airspace user priorities
A²C² restrictions/control measures
(current and requested)
Army AD priorities
X
X


X
X
X


X
X
X


X
X
X
X
X

X
AD warnings
AD weapons control status
(current and requested)
Friendly ADA locations and coverage

X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
ADA weapon engagement zones
FARPs
Location and status of airfields
(includes FARPs)



X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X



X
Field artillery locations
Fire support coordination measures
Significant planned/ongoing fires
(assumes no fires in rear areas)
X
X

X
X
X

X

X
X

X
X
X

X
X
Army aviation airspace requirements
(includes SEMA)
Army aviation unit locations
(company and larger)
X


X
X


X
X



X


Aviation battle positions
Massed enemy aircraft locations
IFF/SIF procedures

X


X
X
X

X



X
X
X
SAARFs
RPV flight paths/routes
RPV launch sites

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

Flight obstructions
Sortie allocation
FLOT

X
X

X


X
X

X

X
X

Positions of instrument landing systems
Location and status of NAVAIDs
Intelligence summaries




X
X

X

X




X
X

X




X


X

X
Air support requests/requirements
(includes EMA and RPV)
Air support requests/requirements
(includes Air Force only)

X
X
X
X


X

NBC contaminated areas
Unscheduled large formation missions
Airborne tactical formations
Friendly ECM activities

X


X
X

X
X

X
X


Location of FCCs
Location of FOCs
NBC Reports
Weather Reports



X


X
X

X
X
X
X


X
X
X

X

The matrix at Figure 5-3 depicts corps A²C² element informational requirements such as:

  • Where information from outside the corps A²C² element originates.

  • Who the primary corps A²C² element action officer is.

  • Where the information is sent when going outside the corps A²C² element.

  • What the information is used for.

CORPS A²C² ELEMENT
Fig 5-3. VERTICAL INFORMATION NETWORKING
Information Required Received From Action Officer Action/Output*
OPORD/OPLAN (includes
A²C² annex)
    --Corps


    --Division



G3


G3s



G3 Air/
A²C² Officer

G3 Air/
A²C² Officer



P, C, D
--BCE

P, C, A
A²C² Control
Measures/Restrictions

    --Requests


    --Approvals



Corps G3,
Div A²C² Elements

BCE A²C² Element



G3 Air/
A²C² Officer

G3 Air/
A²C² Officer



P, C, A, D
--BCE

P , C, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
FLOTG3G3 AIR/
A²C² Officer
P, D
--BCE
A²C² Priorities
--Army




--Air Forces

G3




BCE A²C² Element

G3 Air/
A²C² Officer



G3 Air/
A²C² Officer

P, C, D
--BCE
--Div A²C²
Elements

P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
ATO/Airspace Control
Order
BCE
ASOC
G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, C
--Div A²C²
Element
ATO Issuing TimesBCEG3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, C, D
IFF/SIF Procedures BCE A²C² Element G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, D--Div A²C²
Elements
Unscheduled, Large
Formation Missions
BCE
ASOC
G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
D
--Div A²C²
Elements
NBC Contaminated Areas Corps NBC Element G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
--All A²C²
Elements
Sections
Air Support
Requirements/Requests
    --Army Aviation
    Attack


    Airlift


    SEMA



    --Air Forces
    CAS


    Recon


    Airlift



G3
Corps Avn Units
Div A²C² Elements
G4/G3
Corps Avn Units
Div A²C² Elements
G2/G3
Corps Avn Units
Div A²C² Elements


G3


G2/G3


G4/G3



Avn LO


Avn LO


Avn LO




G3 Air/
A²C² Officer

G3 Air/
A²C² Officer

G3 Air/
A²C² Officer



P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Elements


P, C


P, C


P, C
ADA Locations
and Coverage
Corps ADA Units
Div A²C² Elements
ADA LO P, C, D
--BCE A²C²
Elements
ADA Weapons Control Status
    --Requests


    --Approvals/
    Modifications

G3
Div A²C² Elements

Corps A²C² Element

ADA LO


ADA LO

P, C, D
--BCE A²C²
Element
P, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
Army ADA Priorities G3 ADA LO P, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
AD Warnings BCE Subordinate Units
Div A²C² Elements
ADA LO C, D
--BCE
--Div A²C²
Elements
ADA Weapons Engagement
Zones/Weapons Coverage
BCE
ATO
ADA LO P
Significant Planned/
Ongoing Indirect Fires
Corps Arty FSCOORD P, C
Fire Support
Coordination Measures
Corps FSE FSCOORD P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
--BCE
Field Artillery
Locations
Corps Arty FSCOORD P, C , D
--Div A²C²
Elements
RPV Launch Sites Div A²C² Elements FSCOORD P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
RPV Flight Routes Div A²C² Elements G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, C, A, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
--RPV Units
SAAFRs Div A²C² Elements
Corps Avn
G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, C, A, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
--BCE
(if above
coordinating
altitude)
Army Avn Unit Locations Corps Avn Units
G3
Avn LO P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
Airborne Tactical
Formations
Corps Avn Units
G3
Avn LO C
Locations and Status
--Army Articles



--FARPS



--NAVAIDs


--FOC/FCC

Corps Avn Units
G3
Div A²C² Elements

Corps Avn
Div A²C² Elements


ATS Bn/Co G3


ATS Bn/Co

Avn LO
G3 Air/
A²C² Officer

Avn LO
G3 Air/
A²C² Officer

ATS LO


ATS LO

P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
--BCE
P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
--BCE
P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
--BCE
Flight Obstructions ATS Bn/Co
Corps Avn Units
Div A²C² Elements
ATS LO P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Officers
Intelligence Summaries G2 G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, C
Friendly ECM Activities G2 G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, C
Massed Enemy Aircraft
Formations
G2
ADA Units
G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Officers
P-Planning
D-Distribution
C-Coordination
ACC-Airspace Control Center
A-Approval
*Action/output assumes each A²C² element section
passes information it obtains to its parent unit.

DIVISION A²C² ELEMENT

The division A²C² element has staff responsibility for A²C² within the division area, requiring information provided from the sources listed in Figure 5-4. The staff elements utilizing this information are shown by duty position.

DIVISION A²C² ELEMENT
Fig 5-4. LATERAL INFORMATION NETWORKING
DIVISION A²C² ELEMENT STAFF ELEMENTS
INFORMATION ITEMS C3 Air/
A²C²
Officer
Aviation Officer ADA
Liaison
Officer
Air Traffic
Services Liaison
Officer
Fire Support
Coordinator
Air Liaison
Officer
OPORDS/OPLANS (includes A²C² annex)
ATO/airspace control order
Airspace control issuing times
X

X

X
X

X

X
X



X
X



X
X

X

X
X



X
Airspace user priorities
A²C² restrictions/control measures
(current and requested)
Army AD priorities
X
X


X
X
X
X
X


X
X
X
X
X

AD warnings
AD weapons control status
(current and requested)
Army AD priorities
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
ADA weapon engagement zones
FARPs
Location and status of airfields (includes
FARPs)
X

X


X
X
X
X

X

X

X
Field artillery locations
Fire support coordination measures
Significant planned/ongoing fires
(assumes no fires in rear areas)
X
X

X

X

X

X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
Army aviation airspace requirements
(includes SEMA)
Army aviation unit locations
(company and larger)
X


X
X


X
X



X




X
Aviation battle positions
Massed enemy aircraft locations
IFF/SIF procedures
X
X



X



X



X




X
SAARFs
RPV flight paths/routes
RPV launch sites
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Flight obstructions
Sortie allocation
FLOT

X
X
X

X


X
X

X

X
X

X
X
Positions of instrument landing systems
Location and status of NAVAIDs
Intelligence summaries




X
X

X

X


Air support requests/requirements (includes
SEMA and RPV)
Air support requests/requirements
(includes Air Force only)
X


X
X





X
X




X
NBC contaminated areas
Unscheduled large formation missions
Airborne tactical formations
Friendly ECM activities
X
X
X


X
X

X


X
X


Location of FCCs
Location of FOCs
Logistic Resupply Requests



X



X


The following matrix depicts division A²C² element informational requirements such as:

  • Where the information is transmitted when going outside the division A²C² element.

  • Where information from outside the division A²C² element originates.

  • What the information is used for.

  • Who the primary division A²C² element action officer is.

DIVISION A²C² ELEMENT
Fig 5-5. VERTICAL INFORMATION NETWORKING
Information Required Received From Action Officer Action/Output*
OPORD/OPLAN (includes
A²C² annex)
--Corps

--Division


--Brigade


G3

G3


G3


G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
G3 Air/
A²C² Officer

G3 Air/
A²C² Officer


P, C

P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
P, C, A
A²C² Control
Measures/Restrictions
--Requests


--Approvals

--Directed (current)


G3
Bde S3

Corps A²C² Element

Corps A²C² Element


G3 Air/
A²C² Officer

G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
G3 Air/
A²C² Officer


P, C, A, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
P, C, D
--Bdes S3 Air
P, C, D
--Bdes S3 Air
FLOT G3 G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
A²C² Priorities
--Army




--Air Forces

Corps A²C² Annex
G3



Corps A²C² Annex

G3 Air/
A²C² Officer



G3 Air/
A²C² Officer

P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
--Bdes S3 Air

P, C
Sortie Allocation ASOC
G3 Air
G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, C, D
--Bdes S3 Air
IFF/SIF Procedures Corps A²C² Element G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, D
Unscheduled, Large
Formation Missions
Corps A²C² Element
G3
G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
C, D
NBC Contaminated Areas Corps A²C² Element
Div NBC Element
G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, C, D
--Bdes S3 Air
Air Support
Requirements/Requests

--Army Aviation
Attack



Airlift



SEMA



--Air Forces
CAS


Recon


Airlift




G3
Div Avn Units
Bdes S3 Air

G4/G3
Div Avn Units
Bdes S3 Air

G2/G3
Div Avn Units
Bdes S3 Air

G3
S3 Air


G3/G2


G4/G3




Avn LO



Avn LO



Avn LO



G3 Air/
A²C² Officer


G3 Air/
A²C² Officer

G3 Air/
A²C² Officer




P, C, D
--S3 Air


P, C, D
--S3 Air


P, C, D
--S3 Air


P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element

P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
ADA Locations
and Coverage
Div ADA
Corps ADA
Corps A²C² Element
ADA LO P, C
--Division
Aviation
Brigade
ADA Weapons
Control Status
--Requests


--Approvals/
Modifications


G3
Bdes S3
S3 Air
Corps A²C² Elements


ADA LO

ADA LO


P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
P, D
--Bdes S3 Air
Army ADA Priorities G3
Corps A²C² Element
ADA LO P, C, D
--S3 Air
AD Warnings Corps A²C² Element
Subordinate Units
ADA LO C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
S3 Air
Significant Planned/
Ongoing Indirect Fires
Div Arty FSCOORD P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Element
Fire Support
Coordination Measures
Corps A²C² Element
Div Arty
FSCOORD P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
--Bdes FSO
Field Artillery
Locations
Div Arty FSCOORD P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
RPV Launch Sites RPV Units FSCOORD P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
RPV Flight Routes N/A G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
SAAFRs Div Avn G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, C, A, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
--S3 Air
Army Avn Unit Locations Div Avn Units
Corps A²C² Element
Avn LO P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
Airborne Tactical
Formations
Div Avn Units
Corps A²C² Element
S3 Air
Avn LO P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
--S3 Air
Avn Battle Positions Div Avn Units
Corps A²C² Element
Bdes S3
Avn LO P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
Location and Status
--Army Airfields


--FARPs


--FOC/FCC

Corps A²C² Element
G3
Div Avn Units
Div Avn Units
S3 Air

ATS Co/Pit
Corps A²C² Element
Avn LO
G3 Air/
A²C² Officer

Avn LO
G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
ATS LO
P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element

P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
Flight Obstructions Div Avn Units
S3 Air
ATS Co/Pit
ATS LO P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
Intelligence Summaries G2 G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, C, D
--S3 Air
--Corps A²C²
Element
Friendly ECM Activities G2 G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
--S3 Air
Massed Enemy Aircraft
Formations
G2
Corps A²C² Element
ADA Units
G3 Air/
A²C² Officer
P, C, D
--Corps A²C²
Element
--S3 Air
P-Planning
D-Distribution
C-Coordination
ACC-Airspace Control Center
A-Approval
*Action/output assumes each A²C² element section
passes information it obtains to its parent unit.

BRIGADE A²C² ELEMENT

A²C² at brigade is performed by members of the brigade staff. As there is no formalized A²C² element at brigade, the brigade staff performs A²C² by extracting information from various sources. The brigade commander may form a brigade A²C² element from the ADA LO, the brigade FSO, the ALO, and the Army aviation LO when available. When the Army aviation LO is not present, his duties are assumed by the S3 Air. When present, the Army aviation LO performs the following functions in accomplishing coordination on the brigade staff:

  • Reviews the airspace utilization and Army aviation plans and graphics from the division OPORD and OPLAN; advises the brigade commander and staff on actions required at the brigade to follow or to implement the required A²C² measures.

  • Receives the division aviation battalion OPORD or OPLAN; advises the brigade commander and staff on Army aviation support in the brigade area.

  • Receives brigade OPLAN or OPORD; advises on Army aviation annex when necessary; assists in planning operations requiring Army aviation support.

A²C² priorities are established and coordination is accomplished on the brigade staff as follows:

  • Division A²C² priorities are received from the division A²C² element for implementation at the brigade.

  • Significant planned indirect fires are received from the FSO and sent to aviation unit operations. Significant indirect fires that are immediate are sent to the FCC either direct or through the division A²C² element.

  • Requests for brigade A²C² priorities are received from the brigade S3 Air and forwarded to the division A²C² element for approval.

  • Field artillery locations are received from the FSO and sent to aviation unit operations.

  • Fire support coordination measures are received from the FSO and sent to aviation unit operations.

  • ADA weapons control status is received from the ADA LO and sent to aviation unit operations.

  • A²C² restrictions received from the division A²C² element are passed to the FSO, S3 Air, ALO, and ADA LO for fire support planning. A²C² restrictions originating at brigade to facilitate fire support planning are sent to aviation unit operations and the division A²C² element.

  • FLOT information is received from the brigade S3 and sent to aviation unit operations.

  • AD warnings are received from the ADA LO and sent to aviation unit operations.

  • Requests for Air Force air support are received from the S3 Air. Once requests are approved and scheduled, the information is sent to aviation unit operations.

  • Requests for Army aviation support are received from the S3 Air and sent to the division A²C² element and supporting aviation unit.

The brigade staff function requires information provided from the sources listed in Figure 5-6. The staff elements utilizing this information are shown by duty position.

Fig 5-6. BRIGADE A²C² LATERAL INFORMATION NETWORKING
BRIGADE STAFF ELEMENTS


INFORMATION ITEMS
ADA
Liaison
Officer
Army
Aviation
Officer
Fire
Support
Officer
Air
Liaison
Officer
S3/
G3
Air
OPORDS/OPLANS (includes A²C² annex)
ATO/airspace control order
Airspace control issuing times
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Airspace user priorities
A²C² restrictions/control measures
(current and requested)
Army AD priorities

X

X
X
X


X

X
X
X

X
AD warnings
AD weapons control status
(current and requested)
Friendly ADA locations and coverage
X
X

X

X

X

X
X

X
X
X

X
ADA weapon engagement zones
FARPs
Location and status of airfields (includes
FARPs)
X

X

X
X

X

X
X
X
X
Field artillery locations
Fire support coordination measures
Significant planned/ongoing fires
(assumes no fires in rear areas)
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Army aviation airspace requirements
(includes SEMA)
Army aviation unit locations
(company and larger)

X

X

X


X
Aviation battle positions
Massed enemy aircraft locations
IFF/SIF procedures
SAAFRs


X
X
X

X
X
X


X


X
X
X
RPV flight paths/routes
RPV launch sites
Flight obstructions
Sortie allocation

X
X
X
X
X



X
X
FLOT
Positions of instrument landing systems
Location and status of NAVAIDs
Intelligence summaries
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X


X
Air support requests/requirements (includes
SEMA and RPV)
Air support requests/requirements
(includes Air Force only)
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
NBC contaminated areas
Unscheduled large formation missions
Airborne tactical formations


X
X


X
X
X
Friendly ECM activities
Location of FCCs
Location of FOCs


X
X
X



X
X
X

The matrix at Figure 5-7 depicts the brigade staff's informational requirements such as:

  • Where information from outside the brigade originates.

  • Who the primary brigade action officer is.

  • Where the information is transmitted when going outside the brigade staff.

  • What the information is used for.

Fig 5-7. BRIGADE STAFF VERTICAL INFORMATION NETWORKING
Information Required Received From Action Officer Action/Output*
OPORD/OPLAN (includes
A²C² annex)

--Division
--Brigade



--Battalion



G3
S3



S3



S3 Air
S3 Air



S3 Air



P, C
P, C, D
--Bns S3
--Div G3

P, C, A
A²C² Control
Measures/Restrictions
--Requests


--Approvals

--Directed (Current)


S3
Bns S3

Div A²C² Element

Div A²C² Element


S3 Air


S3 Air

S3 Air


P, C, A, D
--Div A²C²
Element
P, C, D
--Bns S3
P, C, D
--Bns S3
FLOT S3 S3 Air C, D
--Div A²C²
Element
A²C² Priorities
--Army

--Air Forces
(if affects Bde)

S3
Div A²C² Annex
Div A²C² Annex

S3 Air

S3 Air

P, C, D
--Bns S3
P
Sortie Allocation G3 Air S3 Air P, C, D
--Bns S3 Air
Unscheduled, Large
Formation Missions
Div A²C² Element
G3 Air
S3 Air C, D
NBC Contaminated Areas Div A²C²
Elements Bde
NBC Officer
S3 Air P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Element
Air Support
Requirements/Requests
--Army Aviation
Attack



Airlift


SEMA


--Air Forces
CAS


Recon



Airlift



S3



S3/S4


S2/S3


S3



S3/S2



S3/S4



S3 Air/Avn LO



S3 Air/Avn LO


S3 Air


S3 Air ALO



S3 Air ALO



S3 Air ALO



P, C, D
--Bns S3 Air
--Div A²C²
Elements
P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Elements
P, C, D
--Bns S3 Air
--Div A²C²
Element
P, C, D
--Bns S3 Air
--Div A²C²
Element
P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Element
Airspace Control Order
Issuing Times
Div A²C² Element S3 Air P
ADA Locations
and Coverage
ADA Bn/Btry ADA LO P, C
ADA Weapons Control Status
--Requests

S3

ADA LO

C, D
--Div A²C²
Element
--Approvals/
Modifications
Div A²C² Element ADA LO P, D
--Bns S3 Air
AD Warnings Div A²C² Element
Subordinate Units
ADA LO C, D
--Div A²C²
Element
--Bns S3 Air
Significant Planned/
Ongoing Indirect Fires
Div Arty
DS Arty
FSO P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Element
Fire Support
Coordination Measures
Div Arty
DS Arty
FSO P, C, D
S3 Air
Field Artillery
Locations
Div Arty
DS Arty
FSO P, C , D
--Div A²C²
Element
RPV Launch Sites RPV Units FSO P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Element
RPV Flight Routes Div A²C² Element S3 Air P, C
Army Avn Unit Locations Div A²C² Element
Avn Units
S3 Air
Avn LO
P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Element
Airborne Tactical
Formations
Avn Units
S3
S3 Air
Avn LO
C
FARPs Div A²C² Element
Avn Unit
S3 Air
Avn LO
P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Element
Avn Battle Positions Avn Unit S3 Air
Avn LO
P, C, D
--Div A²C²
Element
Intelligence Summaries S2 S3 Air P, C
Friendly ECM Activities S2
Div A²C² Element
S3 Air P, C
Massed Enemy Aircraft
Formations
Div A²C² Element/
ADA Units
S3 Air C
P-Planning
D-Distribution
C-Coordination
ACC-Airspace Control Center
A-Approval
*Action/output assumes each A²C² element section
passes information it obtains to its parent unit.

BATTALION A²C² ELEMENT

As with the brigade staff, there is no formalized A²C² element at battalion. The commander is the airspace manager and his staff performs the coordination. The information requirements by duty position are the same from brigade to battalion with one exception. The S3/S3 Air generates the ADA and aviation information if either the ADA or aviation LO is not present.

The matrix at Figure 5-8 depicts the battalion staff's informational requirements such as:

  • Where information from outside the battalion originates.

  • Who the primary battalion action officer is.

  • Where the information is transmitted when going outside the battalion staff.

  • What the information is used for.

BATTALION STAFF
Fig 5-8. VERTICAL INFORMATION NETWORKING
Information Required Received From Action Officer Action/Output*
OPORD/OPLAN (includes
A²C² annex)
    --Brigade

    --Battalion



S3

S3



S3 Air

S3 Air



P, C

P, C
A²C² Control
Measures/Restrictions
    --Current

    --Required


S3 Air

N/A


S3 Air

S3 Air


P, C,

P, C, D
--Bde S3 Air
FLOT S3 S3 Air P, C
A²C² Priorities
(Army only)
S3
Bde S3 Air
S3 Air P, C
AD Warnings Bde S3 Air S3 Air C
Sortie Allocation Bde S3 Air S3 Air P
Air Support
Requirements/Requests
--Army Aviation
    Attack


    Airlift



Subordinate
Units
S3
S4/S3



S3 Air


S3 Air



C, D
--Bde S3 Air

C, D
--Bde S3 Air
    --SEMA

    --Air Forces
    CAS


    Recon


    Airlift
S2/S3


S3


S2/S3


S4/S3
S3 Air


S3 Air
ALO

S3 Air
ALO

S3 Air
C, D
--Bde S3 Air

C, D
--Bde S3 Air

C, D
--Bde S3 Air

C, D
--Bde S3 Air
Unscheduled, Large
Formation Missions
Bde S3
Air
S3 Air C
ADA Locations ADA Unit S3 C
ADA Weapons Control Status
Status
S3 S3 C, D
--Bde
Significant Planned/
Ongoing Indirect Fires
Div Arty FSO C, D
--Bde S3 Air
Fire Support
Coordination Measures
Div Arty
DS Arty
FSO C
Field Artillery
Locations
DS Arty FSO C
Army Avn Locations
and Coverage
Avn Units S3 Air C, D
--Bde S3 Air
Avn Battle Positions Avn Units S3 Air C, D
--Bde S3 Air
P-Planning
D-Distribution
C-Coordination
A-Approval

A²C² COMMUNICATIONS

Communications nets for each echelon of command from corps through maneuver battalion are established to facilitate command and control activities. The A²C² system does not have a separate communications system or net. The A²C² system utilizes existing communications systems from each major functional airspace user-- maneuver, air defense, fire support, intelligence and electronic warfare, combat service support--to link the system. A²C² elements are linked horizontally and vertically by maneuver functional area communications and automation systems, principally those of the G3 and, or S3 staff section. A²C² elements use secure and nonsecure voice record copy, messenger, and host nation channels to communicate with all airspace members of the combined arms team and supporting services. A²C² elements operate on the operations net as required. Multichannel communications systems provide the primary means of communications for the A²C² system. Figure 5-9 depicts the communications connectivity established throughout a theater.

FIGURE 5-9. COMMUNICATIONS CONNECTIVITY FROM BATTALION T0 EAC.

The various staff and liaison elements represented in the A²C² element maintain contact with their parent organizations with the multichannel communications system. As an alternate means of communications with their unit, and with coordination and approval from the appropriate CE staff officer, selected representatives may install, operate, and maintain FM communications provided by their parent unit.

For example, the ADA representative in the division main CP A²C² element employs an FM radio to communicate directly with the divisional ADA battalion's air battle management operations center (ABMOC). Internal CP communications link the A²C² element within the fire support cell to the operations, plans, intelligence, and combat service support cells.

Communications linkage between the A²C² system and airborne airspace users is primarily achieved through Army ATS elements such as the FOC and FCC. ATS liaison elements at division and corps establish communications with the appropriate FOCs and FCCs. The A²C² element then communicates through the FCC or FOC with the airborne assets. The FOC interfaces with the CRC either by collocating with the CRC or by communications linkage. This interface with the CRC provides the A²C² element and other airspace users a communications channel to the airspace management liaison section within the CRC.

A²C² elements at each command echelon may use Air Force communications systems to provide alternate channels for coordinating airspace control information with the AMLS at the CRC, and with the airspace coordination center at the TACC. Air tasking orders, airspace control orders, and other airspace control-related messages are disseminated through Air Force channels and communications systems to the ASOC at corps, and often to the TACP at division level.



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