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Swiss-Swede NNSC Area

In 2004 Camp Bonifas, Camp Liberty Bell/Bonifas East, and the US administered UN Joint Security Area were transferred to the control of the Republic of Korea. As a result authority over the Swiss-Swede NNSC Area was also transfered to the Republic of Korea.

The 1953 Armistice established the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission (NNSC) as an independent, fact-finding body outside the authority of, but reporting to, the Military Armistice Commission. Originally it was composed of senior officers from 4 nations that did not have combatant forces in the Korean War, 2 of whom are selected by each side. Sweden and Switzerland were nominated by the United Nations Command, with Czechoslovakia and Poland by the KPA/CPV. The NNSC members were assisted by administrative personnel from their own countries. Camps for the Swedish and Swiss members and their staffs were located in the southern half of the DMZ adjacent to the Joint Security Area (JSA). The former Polish and Czech camps were located nearby on the north Korean side of the MDL. They had been taken over by the KPA and were used for other purposes.

Poland, Sweden and Switzerland served on the NNSC. Poland, Sweden and Switzerland had been involved in the Korean peace process since 1953, through their membership in the NNSC, which was established on the basis of the Armistice Agreement in Korea on 27 July 1953, to supervise the Korean armistice. The NNSC played a useful role to play in the ongoing conflict. However, the NNSCs ability to fulfill its mandate was historically limited. The DPRK declared the NNSC defunct in 1991, boycotting further events organized by them. The Czech component was forced out by the DPRK early in 1993, when Czechoslovakia split in two and the DPRK refused to accept the Czech Republic as a replacement. The Polish component was forced out by the DPRK in February 1995. The Polish contingent continued to operate after its forceful removal, along with the Swiss and Swedish components. However, only the two UNC nominated contingents operated full time.

The Swiss-Swede Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission Area was one of the 42 camps north of Seoul authorized Hardship Duty Pay of $150 per month as of 1 January 2001. The Hardship Duty Pay is paid to troops who are permanently assigned to areas where it is authorized or who serve 30 consecutive days of temporary duty in those areas. Several factors are considered in determining whether a location qualified for the pay: climate, physical and social isolation, sanitation, disease, medical facilities, housing, food, recreational and community facilities, political violence, harassment and crime. The extra pay provides meaningful financial recognition to troops assigned in areas where living conditions are substantially below US standards.

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Page last modified: 05-07-2011 02:57:15 ZULU