Guam Land Use Plan 1994 (GLUP '94)
In 1993, the Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Command assigned the Department of the Navy to lead a review of all military land requirements on the island of Guam and develop a master plan for future Department of Defense land use. The Navy and the Department of the Air Force (Air Force) established the Guam Land Use Working Group to do a comprehensive review of military mission related land requirements on Guam. The Navy prepared and distributed a resulting master plan, known as the Guam Land Use Plan 1994 (GLUP '94). The GLUP '94 recommended consolidation of military activities in the northern and southern parts of the island and it identified more than 8,000 acres of releasable Air Force and Navy properties. Under the authority of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990, Public Law 101-510, 10 U.S.C. 2687 note (1994), the 1995 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission recommended that Navy dispose of the property declared releasable under the GLUP '94, with appropriate restrictions. These recommendations were approved by President Clinton and accepted by the 104th Congress in 1995.
The Navy designated, in GLUP '94, the names and location numbers for each property. The northern region contained 5 properties totaling 824 acres: The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Housing (N2) property; the Harmon Annex (N3) property; the Marine Drive Utility (N4b) property; the Tamuning Telephone Exchange (N4c) property; and the NAS Officers Housing property (a non-GLUP '94 property) located at former NAS Agana. The Barrigada region contained 4 GLUP properties totaling 773 acres: The Barrigada Route 16 (N5a) property; the Barrigada Route 15 (N5b) property; the Barrigada Hawaiian Rock (N5c) property; and the Barrigada Antenna Site (N5d) property. The central region contained 5 GLUP properties totaling 953 acres: The Nimitz Hill Enlisted Housing (N10a) property; Nimitz Hill Vacant Lands (N10b) property; the Sasa Valley (N12a) property; the Tenjo Vista (N12b) property; and the Polaris Point (N14) property. The southern region contained 6 GLUP properties totaling 271 acres: The New Apra Heights (N15) property; the Route 2A (N16) property; the Aflleje/Rizal Beach (N17) property; the Old Apra Heights (N18) property; the Navy Ordnance Annex North (West Parcel) (N19a) property; and the Navy Ordnance Annex North (East Parcel) (N19b) property.
The selected alternative, identified in the FEIS as the GEDA Recommended Alternative, proposed a mix of land uses for the 20 properties including development of parks, recreational areas, historical and natural resource conservation projects, residential, commercial, resort, industrial, and agricultural land uses, as well as extensive regional roadway improvements.
The FAA Housing (N2) property covered about 698 acres along the coast of the Philippine Sea less than one mile south of Anderson Air Force Base. There were 89 residential units on this property that provided housing for FAA and Navy personnel, and these units were demolished due to irreparable damage from Typhoon Paka in 1997. The remainder of the land contained undeveloped forests with limestone soils. The selected alternative would develop a 128-room resort hotel, a 225-acre 18-hole golf course, and 390 single-family residential units. Conservation and recreational areas would be set aside to protect the natural and cultural resources located on the cliff line.
The Harmon Annex (N3) property, covering 7 acres in an undeveloped area south of the FAA Housing property, contained a 2-story building (Building 50) and a storage shed. The structures were surrounded by grass fields and paved areas. The selected alternative would develop Building 50 as a community center.
The Marine Drive Utility (N4b) property, covering 25 acres north of Marine Drive (Route 1) and west of Route 3, contained Building 169, a former Stars and Stripes facility. This grassy property was divided by an electric substation and was constrained by utility easements. The selected alternative would develop 150,000 square-feet of space for commercial activities.
The 2-acre Tamuning Telephone Exchange (N4c) property was found below the cliff line of Tiyan (NAS Agana) on the south side of Marine Drive. The exchange contained 2 buildings surrounded by paved areas. The selected alternative planned demolition of the 2 buildings an development of about 27,000 square feet of space of commercial activities.
The NAS Officers Housing property at Tiyan covered 92 acres on top of a steep bluff. The selected alternative planned demolition of the existing 136 residential units. This alternative would also develop the Navy Post Exchange building as a neighborhood commercial center. The Government of Guam planned to build the Laderan Tiyan Parkway along the property's perimeter, which would provide an alternate access across the Tiyan plateau for the A.B. Won Pat Guam International Airport.
The Barrigada Route 16 (N5a) property, covering 345 acres, was found about one half mile southwest of Tiyan, south of the Naval Communication Areas Master Station Western Pacific Barrigada, and east of the National Guard Armory and P.C. Lujon School. Most of the property was open area for agriculture, athletic fields, and closed landfills. The selected alternative would develop a 42-acre recreational park, a 20-acres sports complex, and 100,000 square feet of space for industrial activities and warehouses. The remainder of the property would support agriculture.
The Barrigada Route 15 (N5b) property, located east of the Barrigada Route 16 parcel and the Navy's Admiral Nimitz Golf Course, covered 358 acres. Most of the land was undeveloped except for a vacant FAA Communications Building used most recently for golf course maintenance equipment storage. This property also contained closed landfills. The selected alternative would build about 1,500 affordable single-family residential units there.
The Barrigada Hawaiian Rock (N5c) property, covering 15 acres, was found east of Route 15 and adjacent to the southeastern corner of the Barrigada Route 15 (N5b) property. Hawaiian Rock Products Corporation operated a quarry facility of 10 acres of the property. The selected alternative would allow the quarry operations to continue. This alternative would also permit development of about 3,000 square feet of space for industrial facilities and warehouses.
The Barrigada Antenna Site (N5d) parcel was found east of Route 15 and covers 55 acres that formerly supported a Navy transmitter antenna. One building and 4 homes built by trespassers were located on the property's north end. The selected alternative would demolish these buildings, allowing for construction of about 220 affordable single-family residential units and 10,000 square feet of space for commercial activities.
The Nimitz Hill Enlisted Housing (N10a) property covered 120 acres in the central region in the municipality of Asan. This property contained 78 residential units, recreational facilities, and a Quonset hut. The enlisted housing was part of the larger United States Naval Station, Nimitz Hill Annex that extended to the southeast. The Department of Defense Education Activity High School and Navy's Flag Circle housing were located to the southwest. The selected alternative would use the existing residential units for affordable and social service housing and it would allow for construction of an additional 80 single- and multi-family residential units there. This alternative would use the recreational facilities and it would preserve the property's steep slopes and dense vegetation.
The Nimitz Hill Vacant Lands (N10b) parcel covered 183 acres south of Route 6 and the Nimitz Hill Enlisted Housing (N10a) property. A Navy Public works Center sewage pumping station was located in the northern part of the property. The selected alternative would develop about 100,000 square feet of space in the northern part of the property for commercial and cultural facilities, such as hotels, shopping centers, theaters, museums and art galleries. In the southern part of the property, this alternative would build about 200 affordable residential townhouses along Mount Alutom Road. The remaining undeveloped forests would be set aside for hiking trails and conservation.
The 9-acre Sasa Valley (N12a) property, found in the central region municipality of Piti, was part of a former Navy tank farm. There were no structures on the property and it was steeply sloped and heavily vegetated. The selected alternative would allow for possible expansion of the Guam Veterans Cemetery located to the north and set aside the remainder of the property for conservation.
The Tenjo Vista (N12b) parcel, covering 559 acres, contained steeply sloped forests and wetlands. The property was located to the east of Route 1 (Marine Drive), the Polaris Point (N14) property, and both Inner and Outer Apra Harbor. There were active and inactive petroleum lines that lay beneath the property as the center of the property was a tank farm. The selected alternative would develop about 3,000 square feet of space for commercial activities along Marine Drive and it would set aside about 480 acres for conservation.
The Polaris Point (N14) property covered 82 acres and was found west of Marine Drive across from the Tenjo Vista (N12b) property. Polaris Point Access Road crossed the property from east to west and provided access to the retained Polaris Point Navy facilities. Outer Apra Harbor lay northeast of the property and Inner Apra Harbor lay southwest. There were wetlands on the northern part of the property. The southern part of the property contained one building and concrete berms remaining from the former Naval Supply Depot drum storage and waste facility. The selected alternative would develop about 50,000 square feet of space for industrial activities and warehouses and it would also preserve the wetlands.
The New Apra Heights (N15) property, covering 102 acres of undeveloped land, was found in the southern region municipality of Santa Rita. Steep slopes and swamp forest wetlands characterize the site. The selected alternative would support the development of a Government of Guam wastewater treatment plant, the widening of Routes 2A and 5, and set aside the remainder of the property for conservation.
The Route 2A (N16) property, covering 15 acres, was found in the southern region in the municipality of Sanata Rita and west of the New Apra Heights (N15) property. The property contained foundations from a demolished building. The selected alternative planned development of about 32,000 square feet of space for commercial and office uses.
The Aflleje/Rizal Beach (N17) property covers 16 acres and was found in the southern region in the municipality of Santa Rita. The property was bounded on the north by the Apra Harbor Naval Complex; on the east by Shoreline Drive (Route 2) and the Public Works Center Guam landfill; on the south by The War in the Pacific National Historical Park; and on the west by Agat Bay. The selected alternative would continue use of the property as a beach park and for conservation.
The Old Apra Heights (N18) property, a linear strip of undeveloped land located east of Cross Island Road (Route 17) in the municipality of Santa Rita, covered 13 acres. The property was traversed by access roads (driveways) that led to private residence found further to the east. There was a Guam Power Authority electrical substation adjacent to the southern part of the property. The selected alternative would develop industrial activities on about 4.5 acres to support the Guam Power Authority's activities. This alternative would also develop 5,000 square feet of space for small neighborhood businesses on the remaining 8.5 acres.
The Navy Ordnance Annex North (west) (N19a) property covered 50 acres and it consisted of undeveloped land with steep slopes and dense vegetation. It was found in the municipality of Santa Rita along Route 5 and surrounds the Tupo Reservoir. The selected alternative used the property for parks and recreational activities.
The Navy Ordnance Annex North (east) (N19b) property, covering 52 acres, was found directly east of the Navy Ordnance Annex North (west) property on the other side of Route 5. Seventeen vacant residential units were in the southern part of the property, while the northern part of the property was undeveloped. The selected alternative would use the existing residential units and allow for development of about 11,000 square feet of space to support development of a youth camp.
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