Fort Greely is approximately 100 Miles s/e of Fairbanks, or 350 Miles n/e of Anchorage. Fort Greely is located in a picturesque state with an abundance of mountains, lakes, rivers, glaciers and wildlife. The post is surrounded by two mountain ranges - the Granites and the Alaska Range - providing a beautiful view of snow-capped mountains (for many in government quarters this can be seen by merely glancing out the window).
Located at the foot of the Alaska Range, Fort Greely enjoys not only an incredible view of the surrounding scenery but also, excellent hunting and fishing opportunities. The vast terrain offers additional recreational activities such as cross-country skiing, snowmachining and boating. Indeed, many of Alaska's best outdoor adventures begin here. In fact, approximately 640,000 acres of wilderness encompass the testing/bombing ranges. Over a million square feet of prime industrial, light industrial and commercial property is available for privatization. Land can be procured for new development and property may be conveyed/leased at less than fair market value. With no local taxes, area businesses have a distinct competitive business advantage. Located near two major highways, the Richardson and the Alcan Highways, the primary north/south transportation corridor through the state, Fort Greely is approximately 5 miles south of Delta Juntion.
Due to the 1995 Base Realignment and Closure Committee decisions, Fort Greely has been designated for realignment. The process has begun and will be completed no later than July 2001. Starting in April 1999 Northern Warfare Training Center soldiers are stationed at Ft. Wainwright. Their families are housed at Ft. Wainwright. The soldiers are attached and work at Ft. Greely. Ft. Wainwright is 100 miles north of Ft. Greely so there is a separation during the training missions. The military APO closed 1 July 2000. After July 1999, there were no longer "accompanied" tours at Ft. Greely as the post was in the process of phasing down personnel, services and programs to meet the July 2001 BRAC directed realignment completion date.
Ft. Greely was selected for realignment under BRAC 95. Approximately 1,785 acres encompassing the main containment area are scheduled for turnover in 2001. The remaining 640,000 plus acres will remain as training lands under Army control. Lack of good reuse options has hampered completion of the Redevelopment Plan. However, there is now support from the State of Alaska to build a private prison there. The BRAC transition team was formed in June 1998 at Ft. Greely. Approximately $9 million in BRAC environmental restoration funds were obligated in Fiscal Year 1998 to further investigate and remediate Ft. Greely. Three military projects are required to support the realignment. They include the FY 98 Missile Test Facility, programmed at $1.4 million, and FY 99 Army Family Housing Project, programmed at $1.7 million, at Ft. Wainwright, and the FY 99 Munitions Test Facility, programmed at $1.55 million, at Bolio Lake on Ft. Greely.
The Cold Regions Test Center (CRTC) at Fort Greely, Alaska is located at the western edge of the cold triangle - one of the coldest areas in Alaska, and can accommodate cold, extreme cold, or temperate weather tests depending on the season. The field testing effort is centered at the Bolio Lake Range Complex, approximately 10 miles south of Fort Greely, which will remain the focal point after BRAC 95 realignment is completed in FY2001. Where appropriate, some testing of soldier and individual equipment may also be done at Fort Wainwright after the realignment. Bolio Lake is the automotive cold start facility and is used for testing individual soldier equipment. An ammunition holding area is under construction to allow stocks of ammunition to be moved to CRTC for testing. Arkansas Range is the main test site for mines and small arms. Texas Range is available for direct-fire tests, as well as sensor, small arms, and missile tests. Oklahoma Range, primarily used for indirect-fire work, is capable of observed fire to 30km and unobserved fire to 50km. Indirect fire to 100km can be supported utilizing ranges under the control of Fort Wainwright, with the impacts located on Oklahoma or Washington Ranges. Radar units from nearby Eielson Air Force Base monitor tests and air traffic in the area. Washington Range is a multi-purpose range used for air defense missile firings, artillery tests, such as Sense and Destroy Armor (SADARM), and smoke and obscurant tests requiring large areas and mobility testing.
National Missile Defense (NMD) is a land-based missile interceptor system designed to defend against limited ballistic missile attacks. It consists of ground-based interceptors (weapons system), X-band radar, upgraded early warning radars, space-based sensors, and battle management command, control and communications. The Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO), a Department of Defense level agency, created the National Missile Defense, Joint Program Office located in Crystal City, VA and Huntsville, AL to manage the development of the NMD system. BMDO selected the Boeing Company as the lead system integrator (LSI) on April 30, 1998. The contract amount was $1.6 billion. As the LSI, Boeing, with subcontractors such as Raytheon and Bechtel, is responsible for integrating all aspects of the NMD program. Boeing proposed to "partner" with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) for USACE to design and manage construction of NMD facilities. According to the 1972 ABM Treaty, the U.S. selected North Dakota as the deployment site. Deployment outside of North Dakota will require a change to the ABM Treaty. Locating the missiles in ND does not protect all 50 states from ballistic missile attack based on current threat analysis. The only location that can accomplish that is Alaska. Designs will be done for both Alaska and North Dakota options.
The Notice of Intent (NOI) for and Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) was published on Nov. 17, 1998. The NOI included sites in North Dakota and Alaska. The Alaska option would include X-band radar at Shemya and the weapons system at either Clear Air Station, Fort Wainwright's Yukon Training Area, Eielson Air Force Base, or Fort Greely. Public Hearings for the EIS were held in November 1999 at Fairbanks, Anderson, Delta Junction, and Anchorage. The decision to deploy the NMD system will be made following the Deployment Readiness Review, scheduled for June 2000. If the decision is to deploy, the system must be functional within five years. The Secretary of Defense has asked that the option for an earlier deployment be retained, should it be required. The Huntsville Engineering and Support Center provides Program Management and manages the design of tactical and tactical support facilities whiles the Geographic Districts (Alaska or North Dakota) provide technical design review, geotechnical and topographic surveys as well as design for Non-Tactical Facilities. The Geographic Districts also support the environmental process, permits for construction, BCO reviews and certification, construction management within the District, construction quality assurance, real estate acquisition, and design services for non-systems facilities (base support facilities) as requested by the USACE program manager, and report schedule and cost data to Huntsville ESC.
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