Special Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force (SPMAGTF)
Contingency Marine Air-Ground Task Force (CMAGTF)
Maritime Special Purpose Force (MSPF)
The Special Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force (SPMAGTF) is a MAGTF configured to accomplish the specific mission(s) for which one of the three basic MAGTF types would be inappropriate or too large to employ. SPMAGTF's can be organized, trained, and equipped to conduct a wide variety of expeditionary operations in response to a crisis or peacetime mission. SPMAGTF's have been successfully employed in the Persian Gulf, in Panama, Liberia and the Philippines, and in support of the Exxon Valdez oil spill containment operation.
The Maritime Special Purpose Force (MSPF) is not capable of operating independently of its parent MEU; operating in conjunction with the MEU, however, it is capable of conducting operations with, or in support of SOF. The MSPF task organization can be enhanced with the addition of ARG elements such as the Assault Craft Unit Detachment (LCACs) or the Naval Special Warfare Task Unit (NSWTU) detachment assigned to the ARG.
Designation of the SPMAGTF commander is the responsibility of the FMF or MEF commander. The SPMAGTF commander shall be provided a staff and the requisite command, control, and communications that will enable him to carry out the assigned mission. The establishment of a single commander over the ground, aviation, and combat service support elements provides the centralized command, control, and support capability essential for effective planning and execution. The SPMAGTF's CE is structured for the conduct of operational functions and is tailored to the mission and task organization of the SPMAGTF.
The Ground Combat Element (GCE) of a SPMAGTF is normally be at least a platoon sized element.
The Aviation Combat Element (ACE) of a SPMAGTF is a task-organized detachment of aircraft, designated per current CG FMFPac/FMFLant policies and regulations pertaining to detachments and officers in charge. If required, air defense teams and air traffic control capability can be included.
The Combat Service Support Element (CSSE) of a SPMAGTF is task-organized to meet the specific service support requirements of the SPMAGTF. Depending on the mission of the SPMAGTF, the CSSE will be centered on the unit designated to provide the preponderance of service support. For example, this could be a landing support detachment if a port or airhead is used, or an engineer detachment if the mission is construction or bulk fuel movement.
Special Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force (SPMAGTF) 10 has been organized to support the International Naval Review 2001, a joint Navy and Marine Corps exercise, to demonstrate the Navy and Marine Corps team capabilities in New York City through combat and capability demonstrations, static displays of equipment and ceremonial presentations and displays, in order to support Navy and Marine Corps public relations and recruiting programs. The exercise occured from 15 May to 2 June 2001.
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