Marine Wing Support Group 27 [MWSG 27]
Marine Wing Service Group 27 was activated on 1 July 1953, and redesignated as Marine Wing Support Group 27 on 1 April 1967. The Support Group was established after years of staff study, several reorganizations and extensive planning to determine the organization needed to best meet its unique mission. That mission encompasses most of the capabilities needed to establish and operate airfields and aviation forward sites in an expeditionary environment.
In earlier years, Marine Wing Support Group 27 (MWSG-27) was composed of three squadrons and a sub unit: Headquarters and Maintenance Squadron (H&MS-27), Marine Aerial Refueler Transport Squadron (VMGR-252), Wing Equipment and Repair Squadron (WERS-27), and sub-unit 1 (SU-1) of Marine Weapons Unit 2 (MWWU-2). With the implementation of the Marine Corps Combat Service Support Concept, the Group ceased all aviation functions on 20 April 1976. This included the separation of VMGR-252 from the Group and the detachment of SU-1, MWWU-2. On 13 May 1976, Headquarters and Maintenance Squadron 27 and Wing Equipment Repair Squadron 27 were redesignated Headquarters and Ground Maintenance Squadron 27 and Wing Transport Squadron 27(WTS-27) respectively. On that same date Wing Engineer Squadron 27 (WES-27) was activated.
Detachments (Dets) "A" and "B", were activated at MCAS New River and MACS Beaufort to provide support service at those stations. Det "A" was activated on 10 September 1976; Det "B" was activated on 27 October 1976. MWSG-27 was then composed of three squadrons and two detachments: H&MS-27, WES-27, WTS-27, and Dets "A" and "B". During December 1979 through January 1980, MWSG-27 once again reorganized under the Service Support concept at which time H&MS-27 was redesignated as Headquarters Squadron 27 (HQS-27).
On 1 January 1986, MWSG-27 reorganized in to its present configuration with the implementation of the Marine Wing Support Squadron (MWSS) concept. The reorganization required MWSG-27 to consolidate personnel and equipment from the three squadrons and two detachments with the five Marine Air Base Squadrons (MABS) located at four different geographic airfields. HQS-27 was redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Squadron 27 (H&HS-27), WTS-27 with MABS elements became MWSS-271, Det "A" with MABS elements redesignated as MWSS-272, Det "B" with MABS elements was redesignated as MWSS-273, and WES-27 with MABS elements was redesignated as MWSS-274.
In August 0f 1990 with the invasion of the Kingdom of Kuwait by Iraqi military forces, the United States began a military buildup witch required the deployment of elements of the MWSG to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Two of the Marine Wing Support Squadrons deployed to Saudi Arabia and set up forward expeditionary airfields in support of Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. The MWSG-27 headquarters also sent elements to coordinate the two squadrons during the combat operations in the desert. In the summer of 1991 those elements deployed returned to the United States.
From the summer of 1991 to the summer of 1997 the MWSG continued providing support to the 2d Marine Aircraft Wing during normal operations, exercises, deployments and training. During this same period, MWSS 271 was designated as the principal squadron to run one of two expeditionary airfields currently in operation within the United States at Marine Corps Auxiliary Landing Field (MCALF) Bogue field while maintaining support in conjunction with MWSS-274 at Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point.
In April of 1997, the MWSG-27 headquarters element went through a restructuring and redesignation. The Headquarters and Headquarters Squadron-27 was redesignated as Headquarters 27 and the Personnel and Support Detachment 27 was incorporated into this new structure.
Marine Wing Support Group 27 provides the 2n Marine Aircraft Wing with organic and deployable combat support and combat service support which is centralized for economy of personnel and equipment. Mission execution is decentralized for flexibility and responsiveness to changing tactical situations. Key capabilities include providing complete airfield operation services (less air traffic control), engineer and transportation support, medical assistance, food services, security support, and other direct combat and combat service support to Aviation Combat elements. Each MWSS is designed to operate an airfield and up to two Forward Arming and Refueling Points (FARP) sites.
The integrated capabilities and combat support effectiveness of the current Support Squadron Organization is the result of studies and improvements throughout its history to ensure sustained, comprehensive Marine Aviation support to Naval Expeditionary Forces.
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