Marine Air Wing
A Marine aircraft wing is the largest Marine aviation organization of the MEF. Organizationally, Marine aviation is divided into three active duty Marine Air Wings and one Reserve Marine Air Wing [MAW]. Each MAW has a unique organizational structure. The MAW provides the personnel and equipment for the MAGTF Aviation Combat Element (ACE).
All wing units are designated with Arabic numerals. The wing and group do not have fixed tables of organization. Illustrations of wing unit designations are provided below:
- Wing - 2d Marine Aircraft Wing (2d MAW)
- Group - Marine Aircraft Group 26, 2d Marine Aircraft Wing (MAG-26, 2d MAW)
- Squadron - Marine Attack Squadron (All Weather) 533, Marine Aircraft Group 14, 2d Marine Aircraft Wing (VMA(AW)-533, MAG-14, 2d MAW)
- Squadron - Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 263, Marine Aircraft Group 29, 2d Marine Aircraft Wing (HMM-263, MAG-29, 2d MAW). Reinforced helicopter squadrons retain their squadron designation as the ACE of the MAGTF (HMM-263 (REIN)).
Operationally, the ACE task organizes with various resources from the MAW that are necessary to complete the ACE's assigned mission. Typically, the ACE supports a MEF with one or more MAWs. Support to the MEF may include assets from more than one MAW that are task organized to form a MAW (reinforced). The ACE supports a MEU with a task-organized squadron that usually consists of a mix of rotary-wing aircraft, short take-off and landing air-craft, a Marine air control group (MACG) detachment, a fixed-wing Marine aviation logistics squadron (MALS) detachment, and a rotary-wing MALS detachment. The ACE normally supports an SPMAGTF with a task-organized squadron that consists of a mix of rotary-wing aircraft, short take-off and landing aircraft, a MACG detachment, a fixed-wing MALS detachment, and a rotary-wing MALS detachment. Actual squadron composition will depend on mission requirements.
MAWs include Marine aircraft, air control, and wing support groups. Each group includes the squadrons and/or battalions that are necessary to complete the groups' roles in Marine aviation. MAWs and groups are not organized according to tables of organization (T/Os), but rather are task organized to accomplish the missions assigned. Each of the four wings may have a different organization; however, each wing is capable of performing all functions of Marine aviation.
The notional MAW is task organized to provide a flexible and balanced aviation organization that is capable of providing the full range of aviation operations in a variety of areas without the requirement for prepositioned support, control, and logistical facilities. The MAW is the smallest unit with the inherent capability of performing all functions of Marine aviation. The wing is composed of the subordinate units depicted in figure Aviation organizations smaller than a wing can provide the capabilities to accomplish any or all aviation functions by using task organization.
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