The Marine Rifle Company exists to locate, close with, and destroy the enemy by fire and maneuver, or repel the enemy's assault by fire and close combat. This close personal fight requires combat-ready Marines that are the result of a tough, thorough, and demanding training program. This mission provides the focus and drive for everything we do. From training to employement of the company, our Marines will have the skill and the will to dominate the close fight. The inherent mobility of an infantry company dictates a need for it to be prepared for rapid deployment. The potential locations and possible enemy threats that an infantry company may face requires that we maintain a high state of readiness. It is the need to maintain this high state of readiness that drives our training.
A Marine Rifle Company, consisting of 182 Marines, includes a Headquarters Platoon, three Rifle Platoons, and a Weapons Platoon. The Rifle Company is called upon to execute a wide variety of missions. These missions range from conventional ground combat operations to Security and Support Operations (SASO) as well as more specialized missions conducted when the battalion deploys as a battalion landing team (BLT) while operating as part of the ground combat element (GCE) in a Marine Expeditionary Unity (MEU).
With the assistance of a small company headquarters, the company commander analyzes the mission, develops and considers courses of action, makes decisions, issues orders, and directs and supervises the operations of the company.Communication means are provided to maintain reliable and continuous communication channels to subordinate units, attached units and higher headquarters. The primary method of communication to subordinate units and higher headquarters is by wire and single-channel radio. Alternate methods of communication are messenger and visual. Information gathered during combat operations is expedited to higher headquarters for processing. Processed intelligence is passed back to the company by higher headquarters on a regular basis.
In addition to individual weapons, the organic firepower of the RFLCO consists of light and medium machine guns, light mortars, light antitank weapons, shoulder launched multipurpose assault weapons and grenade launchers. The RFLCO is primarily foot mobile; but the company is readily transported by tracked and wheeled vehicles as well as helicopters, amphibious ships and craft, and tactical and strategic air transportation.
The Rifle Company is normally assigned a zone of action and, in addition, may be assigned a direction or azimuth of attack. Objectives should be easily recognized. The company objective for a night attack is usually smaller than for a daylight attack so that the company can clear it in a single assault. The company commander usually assigns platoon zones of action by designating a portion of the probable line of deployment and an objective for each platoon. A frontage of 80 to 100 meters is considered adequate for each platoon. A rifle company would then have a frontage of 200 to 300 meters, depending on the number of platoons which were coordinated in the assault.
In the Battalion Landing Team (BLT), the WEAPONS COMPANY provides heavy fire support to the rifle companies in a variety of ways. , Consisting of 146 Marines, it is organized into a headquarters element and 3 platoons that operate independently and have very different missions. For a MEU(SOC) deployment, there would be an attached Artillery Liaison Team. The ARTILLERY LIASON TEAM consists of five specially trained artillerymen. The Liaison Team's primary mission is to ensure the integration of the artillery battery into BLT fire support. They advise the Fire Support Coordinators (FSC's) on the capabilities and limitations of the artillery battery.
The weapons company of the infantry battalion contains 81 mm mortars, .50 caliber and 40 mm machine guns, and DRAGON/JAVELIN and TOW antitank weapons. These are organized into a mortar platoon of eight mortars, a heavy machine gun platoon of six .50 caliber and six 40 mm machine guns, and an anti armor platoon of 24 Dragons. The JAVELIN is replacing the Dragon. The Javelin section has eight Command Launch Units (CLU) and a basic combat load of 24 Javelin missiles (3 per CLU).
Elements of the weapons company and weapons platoon support subordinate units to give them sufficient combat power to accomplish the mission. They possess sufficient combat power to overwhelm the enemy or to fix him in place so that commanders can maneuver the main body. All elements must be given the necessary tools to accomplish their assigned mission.
- 81MM MORTAR PLATOON
- HEAVY WEAPONS PLATOON
- JAVELIN PLATOON
The mission of the Amphbious Assault [AA] company is to land the surface assault element of the landing force and their equipment in a single lift from assault shipping by amphibious operations to inland objectives, and to conduct mechanized operations and related combat support in subsequent operations ashore. The AA company supports mechanized, logistical, command and control, or recovery operations for the infantry battalion or supported unit. The AA company consists of two to five AA platoons and a maintenance platoon or detachment. The AA company commander leads the company staff and organic support detachments in support of detached AA platoons.
The AA company commander works directly for the commanding officer of the supported infantry regiment or battalion and becomes a special staff officer to the supported infantry commander. While he at all times remains the AA company commander, the effect of task organization with the infantry leaves him with less than 20% of his company's assets to directly command. His primary duties include simultaneously directing the maintenance and logistics support organic to the AA company in support of his AAVs and advising on the employment of AAVs. The AA company commander performs all his duties in support of the operational orders issued by the supported commander.
A Battalion Landing Team (BLT) Small Craft Company, such as the one attached to Headquarters Battalion, 2d Marine Division, operate U.S. Marine riverine assault craft (RAC). Marine Corps Riverine Assault Craft can be used for armed escort, command, control, and communications, transport, armed reconnaissance and pursuit.
The battalion's "HELO" Company employs airpower to give a unique advantage on the battlefield. Speed, ability to deploy mass power at distant points, and air ordnance are just few of the capabilities this company has. Specialty training is a must in this company in order to carry out the mission. As with all the other companies in this battalion, training in MOUT, CQB, patrolling, movement to contact, night ops, and other marine infantry skills are done continuously.
A tank battalion consists of four tank companies, a Headquarters and Service Company, one antitank platoon and one scout platoon. The tank companies are the basic tactical unit with which the battalion accomplishes its mission. These companies have 14 tanks (three platoons of four tanks each, and one tank each for the CO and XO) and one tank retriever.
The Headquarters & Support [H&S] Company, consisting of 242 Marines, provides the AA battalion commander and subordinate units combat service support and the means to affect command and control of the battalion. Through its subordinate platoons and sections, the H&S company provides maintenance, communications, administrative, medical, supply and other service support functions to the AA battalion. H&S company includes a headquarters platoon and a general support (GS) platoon which provides support to the battalion logistics train and command and control assets to the battalion and GCE maneuver units. The communications platoon installs, operates, and maintains the communication system for the battalion headquarters and is responsible for repairs through second echelon for all communications equipment organic to the battalion and supports the company communications sections, as required. The battalion maintenance platoon is responsible for third echelon maintenance of all tracked vehicles in the battalion. H&S company also includes supply and motor transport platoons. H&S company is lead by the H&S company commander.
Productions and Analysis Company, commanded by a Major, consists of a headquarters section, all-source fusion center, topographic platoon, and imagery interpretation platoon. The company organizes the employment of direct support teams as organic teams either attached to or placed in direct support of a designated subordinate commander (e.g., the MEF main effort, a MEU, or a SPMAGTF). Additionally, when not employed the direct support teams will generally augment the MAGTF All-source Fusion Center.
The mission of the Counter Intel/Human Intel (CI/HUMINT) Company is to provide CI support and conduct CI and HUMINT operations in support of the MEF, other MAGTFs, or other units as directed. It conducts tactical CI activities and operations, including CI force protection source operations, in support of MAGTF or joint operations. It conducts screening, debriefing and interrogation of personnel of intelligence/CI interest. It also directs and supervises intelligence activities conducted within the interrogation facility and the document and material exploitation facility. It performs CI and terrorism threat analysis and assist in the preparation of CI and intelligence studies, orders, estimates, and plans.
Each MEF has one organic CI/HUMINT company. The CI/HUMINT company is commanded by a Captain and consists of a headquarters section, a CI platoon, an interrogator-translator (IT) platoon, and three to five HUMINT exploitation teams. The CI platoon is organized into a platoon headquarters, four CI teams (CITs), and a TSCM team. The IT platoon is organized into a platoon headquarters and six interrogator-translator teams. The CI/HUMINT company combines the MEF's CI and interrogator-translator capabilities into one organization to provide unity of effort in HUMINT operations and support to force protection.
The CI/HUMINT company is employed in accordance with the concept of intelligence support, the CI plan, and the intelligence operations plan as developed by the MAGTF G-2/S-2. The CI/HUMINT company or task organized HUMINT exploitation team is usually employed in general support of the MAGTF. Subordinate elements of the company may be placed in general support of the MEF, placed in direct support of subordinate commands, or attached to subordinate elements. Additionally, a task-organized detachment will be provided to most subordinate MAGTFs and may be used to support joint operations.
During the 1990s ground reconnaissance had been reorganized numerous times. One change that proved to be unpopular involved division recon, where each division had a recon company and each infantry regiment had a recon platoon. Due to inadequacies identified as a result of staffing and exercising this structure, HQMC directed in June 1999 that the Operating Forces resolve the recon deficiencies. Essentially, this meant that each MEF would retain a force reconnaissance company and each division would return to a separate recon battalion with structure coming from the division recon company and each infantry regiment's recon platoon. The Operating Forces requested a further review of the new recon plan before executing, and that review, coupled with concerns by the Commandant, Gen James L. Jones, prompted the Corps to convene a ground reconnaissance (recon) operational planning team (OPT) at Quantico to identify near-team recommendations to the Commandant on fixing ground recon in the Operating Forces.
Each MEF has one organic Force Reconnaissance Company: 1st Force Reconnaissance Company with I MEF, 2d Force Reconnaissance Company with II MEF, and 5th Force Reconnaissance Company with III MEF. The company consists of a headquarters section, a service support platoon, and five reconnaissance platoons. Each reconnaissance platoon consists of three 4-man teams, for a total of 15 teams per company, except for 5th Force Reconnaissance Company, which has 9 teams.
The force reconnaissance company normally operates under the staff cognizance of the ISC for reconnaissance and surveillance missions and under the staff cognizance of the MAGTF G-3/S-3 for offensive missions. The basic operating unit is the ground reconnaissance team. However, platoons or task organized elements may be employed to accomplish certain tasks.
Force reconnaissance operations should have a defined scope and duration, with planned exfiltration. Teams are usually inserted into the supported commander's area of interest (usually the deep area), often well beyond MAGTF supporting arms and in the vicinity of the enemy's operational reserve, staging and marshalling areas, and key lines of communications to collect and report information in response to the commander's PIRs and IRs and supporting intelligence collection and dissemination plans.
When required by the situation, the company or detachments may be placed in direct support of or attached to smaller MAGTFs or to MEF major subordinate commands other than the command element. A force reconnaissance detachment is normally attached to a MEU(SOC).
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