SSN 23 Jimmy Carter
The Navy confirmed March 7, 2000 that it will base the specially-modified attack submarine USS Jimmy Carter at Submarine Base Bangor.
The Jimmy Carter is the third and final submarine of the Navy's Seawolf class submarines, and was modified in Groton, CT, to accommodate special warfare missions by the sub's builder, Electric Boat Corporation. The modifications are slated to be completed by mid-2004. Following testing and sea trials, the sub is expected arrive at its new homeport in Washington State in late 2004.
On June 3, 2004, the Department of Defense announced that the Jimmy Carter would be christened on June 5, 2004, at General Dynamics Electric Boat in Groton, Conn. James R. Schlesinger, a former secretary of both defense and energy and former director of the Central Intelligence Agency, delivered the ceremony's principal address. Schlesinger served under Carter as the nation's first secretary of energy. Rosalynn Carter served as sponsor for the ship named for her husband.
Differentiating the Jimmy Carter from all other undersea vessels is its multi-mission platform (MMP), which includes a 100-foot hull extension to enhance payload capability. The MMP will enable the Jimmy Carter to accommodate the advanced technology required to develop and test new generation of weapons, sensors and undersea vehicles for naval special warfare, tactical surveillance and mine-warfare operations.
In 1999, the Navy confirmed that the hull extension of the Jimmy Carter would allow it to carry Navy SEALs and to conduct other surveillance. The Seawolf class submarines are the newest in the Navy's fleet, carrying a crew of about 130 and operating at more than 25 knots submerged.
On May 13, 2004 the Jimmy Carter was put in the water, roughly six days ahead of schedule. The early float-off was due to an accident that had occurred at the construction dry dock on May 12 when one of the walls collapsed.
The Department of Defense announced on June 3, 2004 that the Navy's newest Seawolf class nuclear-powered submarine Jimmy Carter would be christened Saturday June 5 during an 11 a.m. ET ceremony at General Dynamics Electric Boat in Groton, Conn. The Jimmy Carter, 95 percent complete as of its christening date, will enter the fleet in 2004. When it does, it will represent a revolution in submarine design, construction and mission capability.
PCU Jimmy Carter (SSN 23) returned to General Dynamics' Electric Boat (EB) Shipyard on Nov. 19, 2004, after successfully completing its Alpha Sea Trial (AST), the first underway period designated for propulsion-plant and tightness-dive testing. During the trials, the crew put her through a full range of speed and depth capability, as well as tested out the majority of her systems that are essential for the safe operation of the ship. For three days prior to the underway test, Jimmy Carter's crew pushed through a gauntlet of trials and tests, doing everything from emergency blows, to operating at test and maximum operating depths.
On Feb. 15, 2005, the Department of Defense announced that the Navy would commission the Jimmy Carter submarine on Feb. 19, 2005, during a ceremony at Naval Submarine Base New London, Groton, Conn.
Upon commissioning in 2005, the Jimmy Carter will join the U.S. Pacific Fleet.
Jimmy Carter (James Earl Carter, Jr.), thirty-ninth president of the United States, was born October 1, 1924, in Plains, Georgia, and grew up in the nearby community of Archery. His father, James Earl Carter, Sr., was a farmer and businessman; his mother, Lillian Gordy, a registered nurse.
He was educated in the Plains public schools, attended Georgia Southwestern College and the Georgia Institute of Technology, and received a B.S. degree from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1946. In the Navy he became a submariner, rising to the rank of lieutenant. Chosen for the nuclear submarine program, he was assigned to Schenectady, N.Y., where he took graduate work at Union College in reactor technology and nuclear physics, and served as senior officer of the pre-commissioning crew of the Sea Wolf.
On July 7, 1946, he married Rosalynn Smith. When his father died in 1953, he resigned from the Navy and returned to Plains. He and Rosalynn operated Carter's Warehouse, a general-purpose seed and farm supply company. He quickly became a leader of the community. In 1962 he won election to the Georgia Senate. He lost his first gubernatorial campaign in 1966, but won the next election, becoming Georgia's 76th governor on January 12, 1971.
On December 12, 1974, he announced his candidacy for president of the United States. He won his party's nomination on the first ballot at the 1976 Democratic National Convention, and was elected president on November 2, 1976.
Jimmy Carter served as president from January 20, 1977 to January 20, 1981. Noteworthy foreign policy accomplishments of his administration included the Panama Canal treaties, the Camp David Accords, the treaty of peace between Egypt and Israel, the SALT II treaty with the Soviet Union, and the establishment of U.S. diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China. He championed human rights throughout the world. On the domestic side, the administration's achievements included a comprehensive energy program conducted by a new Department of Energy; deregulation in energy, transportation, communications, and finance; major educational programs under a new Department of Education; and major environmental protection legislation, including the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act.
Mr. Carter is the author of fifteen books, many of which are now in revised editions: Why Not the Best?, 1975, 1996; A Government as Good as Its People, 1977, 1996; Keeping Faith: Memoirs of a President, 1982, 1995; Negotiation: The Alternative to Hostility, 1984; The Blood of Abraham, 1985, 1993; Everything to Gain: Making the Most of the Rest of Your Life, written with Rosalynn Carter, 1987, 1995; An Outdoor Journal, 1988, 1994; Turning Point: A Candidate, a State, and a Nation Come of Age, 1992, Talking Peace: A Vision for the Next Generation, 1993, 1995; Always a Reckoning, 1995; The Little Baby Snoogle-Fleejer, illustrated by Amy Carter, 1995; Living Faith, 1996; Sources of Strength: Meditations on Scripture for a Living Faith, 1997; The Virtues of Aging, 1998; and An Hour before Daylight: Memoirs of a Rural Boyhood, 2001.
In 1982, he became University Distinguished Professor at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, and founded The Carter Center. Actively guided by President Carter, the nonpartisan and nonprofit Center addresses national and international issues of public policy. Carter Center fellows, associates, and staff join with President Carter in efforts to resolve conflict, promote democracy, protect human rights, and prevent disease and other afflictions. Through the Global 2000 program, the Center advances health and agriculture in the developing world.
The permanent facilities of The Carter Presidential Center were dedicated in October 1986, and include the Jimmy Carter Library and Museum, administered by the National Archives. Also open to visitors is the Jimmy Carter National Historic Site in Plains. President Carter and Rosalynn volunteer for Habitat for Humanity. They have four children and ten grandchildren.
On 11 October 2002, Jimmy Carter was awarded the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize for "his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development".
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