DDG 70 Hopper
"Dare and Do"
The Hopper was commissioned on Sept. 6th 1997. Hopper's mission is to operate offensively in a high density, multi-threat environment as an integral member of a battle group, surface action group, amphibious task group, or underway replenishment group.
She participated in RIMPAC 98 and in August 1998 through February 1999 deployed to WESTPAC.
From January 11, 2000 thru February 17, 2000 DDG 70 took park in MEFEX 00-2. The Hopper deployed again to the WESTPAC in April 2000, returning to port in Sept. 2000.
USS Hopper (DDG 70) arrived at Kiribati Nov. 19, 2003 for a port visit to this tiny island near Fiji. While in port, the ship's approximately 325 Sailors participated in a variety of events and interact with the local population.
Hopper deployed from her homeport of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, July 28 and operated with coalition forces of Task Force 150 in support of the global war on terrorism. Task Force 150 was composed of more than 12 nations, including the United States, Pakistan, France and Germany, who were conducting expanded maritime interception operations in international waters in the 5th Fleet AOR. During that deployment, USS Hopper (DDG 70) had the rare opportunity to visit the East African nation of Eritrea Oct. 7-9 while deployed to the U.S. 5th Fleet area of responsibility (AOR), becoming the first U.S. Navy ship to have a port of call in Masawa, Eritrea, since 1997.
Shield and Crest
The blue and gold, on the shield of the coat of arms, are traditionally used by the Navy. The lion, a symbol of strength and courage, stands for the USS Hopper's characteristics of survivability and alludes to the ship's motto ( DARE AND DO ). The rampant lion has been adapted from the arms of Scotland and refers to Rear Admiral Hopper's heritage. Gold stands for excellence; blue is for devotion to duty.
On the crest, the lozenge, traditionally used in the coats of arms of women, honors Rear Admiral Grace Hopper. Her distinction as the first woman to achieve the rank of rear admiral is represented by the single silver star. The trident symbolizes her love for the United States Navy and her Naval service, the focus of her life's work. The lightning bolts, framing the bottom of the shield, connote the image of ship's hull cutting through the sea. They also represent the sophistication and power of the Aegis warship, in large part made possible by Admiral Hopper's pioneering work in the computer field. The wreath consists of laurel and oak representing honor and strength. red denotes courage and sacrifice; gold stands for excellence.
The Latin phrase "AUDE ET EFFICE" translates into the English phrase "DARE AND DO", in context of a command. RADM Hopper was frequently quoted using this phrase when issuing advice. The phrase captures the spirit of RADM Hopper in her quest for pushing the limits of conventional thinking and looking beyond the norm for innovative solutions and approaches to problem solving. The simple phrase, in Latin, exemplifies the essence of Admiral Hopper's spirit while paying tribute to her tremendous academic achievements.
Grace Murray Hopper
It was unusual for a woman in the 1950's and 1960's to have the kind of job Hopper did. She was outstanding in marketing and had amazing technical skills. Her nickname in the navy was "Amazing Grace." People listened to her because she had the technical skills and the vision. She never gave up on her ideas. These qualities are what put her in the forefront of computing. Hopper had an edge over everyone in the computer business because she believed that there was always a way to improve on the technology. Through her dedication, her knowledge, and her determination she took the world of computers to a new level.
Grace Hopper was born in 1906. From an early age, Hopper was good with gadgets. She would take apart alarm clocks just for fun. In 1928, this New York native received her BA. in math and physics from Vassar College.
In 1943, during World War II, she joined the United States Naval Reserves. She was assigned to the Bureau of Ordinance Computation Project. There she became the third programmer of the world's first large-scale computer called the Mark I. When she saw it, all she could think about was taking it apart and figuring it out. "That was an impressive beast. She was fifty-one feet long, eight feet high, and five feet deep," said Hopper. She mastered the Mark I, Mark II, and Mark III.
After her tour of duty, Hopper went on to work for Eckert-Mauchly Corporation. She wanted to provide businesses with computers that were both application-friendly and programmer-friendly. There, she mastered the UNIVAC I, the first large-scale electronic computer. She saw that the programmers would constantly have to retype certain commands for every program they did. Hopper encouraged them to write the commands once and place them in shared libraries of code. This reduced the amount of errors and stress for the programmers. Soon, the programs contained mnemonics that were transformed into binary codes that were executable by the computer. Hopper created a program that translated symbolic math codes into machine language. This allowed the programmers to store codes on magnetic tape and re-call them when they were needed. This was the first compiler.
Hopper believed that programming did not have to be a difficult task. Since computers only read binary codes, a series of 0s and 1s placed in a certain order that the computer understands, she believed that programs could be written in english and then translated into binary code. This program was known as FLOW-MATIC. This language helped the UNIVAC I and II understand twenty english statements. This programming language was used for typical business work, such as payroll and billing.
In 1966, Hopper retired from the Naval Reserves, but was called back to active duty one year later. The navy wanted her to oversee a program to standardize its computer programs and their languages.
During her rise up the Naval ladder, Hopper had to convince a lot of people to change their habits. On a daily basis, she heard someone say, "but that's how we've always done it." Hopper believed that change was good, and needed. "I'm going to shoot somebody for saying that someday," she would quip. "In the computer industry, with changes coming as fast as they do, you just can't afford to have people saying that." To prove that things did not always have to be done a certain way, Hopper had a clock on her wall that ran counter clockwise.
Grace Hopper died in her sleep on January 1, 1992, at the age of eighty-five. She was buried at Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia.
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