Carrier Air Wing ONE (CVW 1)
Carrier Air Wing ONE has been in commission longer than any other Navy Air Wing. Since commissioning on 1 July 1938, CVW-1 has served aboard twenty different aircraft carriers, made 42 major deployments, and had a majority of the East Coast squadrons as members of the Navy's "First and Foremost." CVW-1 was originally the "Ranger Air Group", serving aboard USS Ranger (CV-4) during the early years of carrier aviation. Air Wing ONE also operated aboard all three carriers in commission at that time - USS LANGLEY (CV-1), USS LEXINGTON (CV-2), and USS SARATOGA (CV-3).
After the commencement of World War II, and until 1943, Air Wing ONE participated in the North African Campaign and operated in all parts of the Atlantic and Pacific. The Air Wing saw action against Japan from the Philippines to Tokyo, earning two Presidential Unit Citations in addition to having nurtured many Naval Aviation heroes.
From 1946 and 1957, Air Wing ONE served aboard nine different carriers, including the first "SUPER CARRIER", USS FORRESTAL (CV 59), during the 1956-57 Suez Crisis. Between June 1966 and February 1967, CVW-1 conducted combat operations off the coast of Vietnam aboard USS FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT (CV-42).
In 1975 onboard USS JOHN F. KENNEDY (CV-67), CVW-1 introduced the Navy's newest tactical aircraft, the F-14A TOMCAT and the S-3A Viking, to the Mediterranean. CVW-1 was assigned to USS AMERICA (CV-66) in mid-1982, forming a partnership which ended with the ship's decommissioning in August 1996. During that time, the USS AMERICA/CVW-1 team conducted combat operations during the attack on Libya in 1986. More recently, the USS AMERICA/CVW-1 team was the only carrier battle group to launch strikes in support of Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm from both the RED SEA and PERSIAN GULF.
With USS AMERICA's decommissioning in August 1996, CVW-1 joined the USS GEORGE WASHINGTON (CVN-73) team. CVW-1 and USS GEORGE WASHINGTON returned on 03 April 1998 from their second deployment in their 2-year association.
Following their deployment with USS GEORGE WASHINGTON (CVN-73), CVW-1 returned to USS JOHN F. KENNEDY (CV-67) after a 24 year absence, and then deployed to the MEDITERRANIAN SEA and PERSIAN GULF.
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