Navy Region Hawaii
The Navy Region Hawaii is the U. S. Navy's largest and most strategic island base in the Pacific. It extends over more than 12,600 acres of land and water, and serves as the headquarters of five major fleet commands, including the Commander-in-Chief, U. S. Pacific Fleet (CINCPACFLT).
Under the command of CINCPACFLT, Commander, Navy Region, (COMNAVREG) Hawaii is the regional coordinator for all shore-based naval personnel and shore activities located in Hawaii as well as Midway Island, Kure Island and the islands of Wake, Johnston, Palmyhra and Kingman Reef. This overall responsibility involves a land and water area of some 59,516 acres.
The most important mission of COMNAVREG is coordinating the Navy's local support of the Pacific Fleet. This support involves port and housekeeping services for more than 40 surface ships and submarines homeported in Pearl Harbor, and more than 70 shore commands and activities.
These services extend to our transiting fleet units as well as many ships of friendly allied navies which rely on our support when they visit Pearl Harbor. During a major fleet exercise such as the Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC), the logistic support for more than 75 ships is coordinated by COMNAVREG in a team effort with local commands.
The U.S. Navy's history in Hawaii goes back more than 100 years. It was in the 1860's that a coaling station was established in Honolulu to refuel our coal burning ships. An 1887 treaty with King Kalakaua granted the United States exclusive rights to Pearl Harbor and permission to construct a coaling station and repair facility inside the harbor. It wasn't until the outbreak of the Spanish-American War in 1898 that the need for Pearl Harbor's support base became apparent. A year later a Naval Coal Depot was built and in 1899 dredging began to clear a channel for ships to enter the harbor.
The Pearl Harbor shore establishment was created in 1901 with the acquisition of 693 acres of land at Kuahua Island, now the Naval Supply Center, for storing ammunition. The "U. S. Naval Station, Hawaii," was the name of the first administrative command at Pearl Harbor until it was designated the 14th Naval District under a two-star admiral in 1916. By then Pearl Harbor ranked 10th in value among the U. S. Navy's growing bases world-wide.
Today, Navy Region Hawaii - the Naval Base designation was dropped in 1998 - is one of the Navy's most important bases in the Pacific. It has grown into a city with a network of piers, workshops, office buildings, fire and police stations, housing units, clubs, churches and recreation facilities.
The Navy-Marine Corps community in Hawaii numbers nearly 81,000 military, family members and civilian employees. Active duty personnel account for 27,500 of this number - 18,500 Navy and 6,000 Marines. Expenditures by the Navy-Marine Corps community were well over one billion dollars in 1995. Economists estimate that 79 cents of every dollar of local defense expenditures are spent in Hawaii, making the Navy and Marine Corps family a major contributor to the Hawaii economy.
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