USS Boise, a 9700-ton Brooklyn class light cruiser built at Newport News, Virginia, was commissioned on 12 August 1938. She made her shakedown cruise to Liberia and South Africa, then transferred to the Pacific to become part of the U.S. Fleet's Battle Force. For nearly three years, she participated in exercises and operations off the west coast and in Hawaiian waters. In late 1941, as tensions intensified with Japan, she escorted a convoy to the Philippines and remained in the area when the Pacific War began in December. However, on 21 January 1942 Boise was damaged in an accidental grounding and had to return to the U.S. for repairs.
In June and August 1942, Boise escorted convoys to the south Pacific, making a raiding cruise into Japanese waters between these operations. During September and early October, she supported the campaign to hold Guadalcanal. Heavily damaged by Japanese shells and a resulting ammunition fire during the 11-12 October Battle of Cape Esperance. Boise once again needed major repairs, which were done at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, in November 1942 - March 1943. From June through October 1943, the cruiser was active in the Mediterranean, providing bombardment support for the Sicily invasion in July and August and the Salerno landings in September. She was transferred back to the southern Pacific war zone late in the year.
Boise took part in operations along the northern coast of New Guinea during the first eight months of 1944, bombarding Japanese positions on several occasions and participating in landings at Humboldt Bay in April, Wakde-Toem and Biak in May-June, Noemfoor in July and Cape Sansapor in July and August. In September and October, she supported the invasions of Morotai and Leyte. On 25 October 1944, during the Leyte Operation, she helped defeat a Japanese surface force in the Battle of Surigao Strait. Boise continued her work in the Philippines in December, with landings on Mindoro, and into the first three months of 1945 with operations to liberate Luzon and Mindanao. In April and May she participated in the invasion of Borneo.
Returning to the U.S. in July, Boise spent the last two months of World War II undergoing overhaul in California. She then shifted to the Atlantic, where she helped transport of American service personnel home from Europe. Decommissioned in July 1946, Boise spent nearly five years in "mothballs" before being sold to Argentina in January 1951. Renamed Nueve de Julio, the cruiser was an active unit of the Argentine Navy until 1978 and was sold for scrapping in 1981.
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