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Military


Third Army Corps

Third Corps was organized May 8th, 1918, and was commanded by Lieutenant General R. L. Bullard (then Major General), Major General W. M. Wright and Major General J. L. Bines. At the time of the ArgonneMeuse offensive, September 26th, 1918, the corps was composed of the 1st, 3rd, 4th, 33rd and 80th Divisions. Eighteen different divisions operated with the corps at one time and another during this offensive. The insignia of the Third Corps is a three-pointed star, the center triangle, formed from the base lines, being in white, the points in blue.

The Third American Army Corps was organized late in June, 1918, and given administrative command of several American divisions. It assumed tactical command of the 28th, 4th, and 32d Divisions about June 28, and with those divisions on the right of the First American Corps, carried the line from the Ourcq River to the Vesle. The Third Corps then took over also the First Corps front, holding it with the newly acquired 77th Division. The 302d Engineers of that division there completed the construction of a strong defense system on the south bank of the Vesle. The enemy began his withdrawal from the north bank of the Vesle on the 3d of September, and the Third Corps immediately crossed the Vesle in pursuit. The 302d and the 103d Engineers followed the Infantry, maintaining roads and constructing bridges over the river.

Major-General John L. Hines, the commander of the Third Corps, had been a colonel under Bullard in the 1st Division, and had commanded the bull-dog 4th Division in the Third Corps, under Bullard, in the trough of the Meuse. He was of a wholly different type from Summerall, with whom he shared the honor for swift promotion won in the field. It was said of him that he was the best linguist of the A. E. F., as he could be equally silent in all languages, including English. He came to France with General Pershing as a major in the adjutant-general's office, where he served for some time before he was sent to a regiment.

The Third Corps during the St. Mihiel offensive was on the Meuse, making preparations for the forthcoming Meuse-Argonne drive, which it opened with the Thirty-third, Eightieth, and Fourth Divisions in the line and the Third in reserve. It was the right wing of the operation, the Thirty-third being the extreme right of the movement along the Meuse for the f1rst few days. In the reorganization after the armistice the Third Corps consisted of the Second. Thirty-second, and Forty-second Divisions and was stationed in the occupied German territory.

Normally a corps was supposed to consist of four divisions, but this was by no means always followed. Neither was any corps constant in the divisions assigned to it. One would be withdrawn and another substituted, according to the exigencies of the occasion. So it is impossible to give the composition of the corps which will be correct for all dates.

  • 3d (Regular Army) Division, commanded by Major Gen. Joseph T. Dickman.
  • 5th (Regular Army) Division, commanded by Major Gen. John E. McMahon.
  • 78th (National Army) Division, commanded by Major Gen. J. N. McRae, composed of troops from Delaware and New York.
  • 80th (National Army) Division, commanded by╗Major Gen. Adelbert Cronkhite, composed of troops from Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia.
  • 33d (National Guard) Division, commanded by Major Gen. George Bell, composed of troops from Illinois.
  • 27th (National Guard) Division, commanded by Major Gen. John F. O'Ryan, composed of troops from New York.



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Page last modified: 05-07-2011 01:36:03 ZULU