1st Brigade (Simulations), 87th Division (Training Support)
As part of the transformation of First US Army and the structure of US Army training units beginning in 2006, the subordinate brigades of the 87th Division were subsequently inactivated.
The 1st Brigade (Simulations), 87th Division (Training Support) located in Birmingham, Alabama provided planning, execution, and evaluation for units participating in combat support simulation exercises and brigade battle staff training. The Brigade conducted exercises for battalion-level and higher units throughout the Southeastern United States. The Brigade was a Simulation Exercise Brigade with 2 simulation exercise groups and a battle projection group.
The 1st Brigade (Simulations), 87th Division (Training Support) had the mission to conduct doctrinally sound battle command and staff training exercises and computer simulation training programs for United States Army Reserve, Army National Guard, and Active Component units up to the brigade-level. Typically, the Brigade provided this training for units located in the 87th Division area of responsibility. The Brigade's simulation exercise groups served as the central focus in planning, preparing, conducting, and evaluating these exercises. Additionally, the Brigade provided state of the art computer based simulations exercises both locally in Birmingham, Alabama and at virtually any remote site through the Brigade's Battle Projection Center. The Brigade also provided world class OPFOR to challenge any commander's exercise needs.
1st Brigade (Simulations), 87th Division (Training Support) was actively involved in the planning and execution of higher level command post exercises to include Return of Forces to Germany (REFORGER) exercises and served also as a proponent for computer driven battle simulation. The Battle Projection Center, a 3.8 million dollar state of the art facility, served as the prime focal point for Brigade training and operations. This facility provides the 87th Division the ability to simultaneously exercise multiple units at their home stations, using automated battle simulation systems to include BCST, BBS/CBS, SPECTRUM, CSSTSS and Digitized Terrain models.
The 1st Brigade (Simulations), 87th Division (Training Support) was first constituted on 5 August 1917 in the National Army as Headquarters Troop, 87th Division and organized in September 1917 at Camp Pike, Arkansas. After deploying as part of the 87th Division to Europe to serve in the Great War, the unit was demobilized in February 1919 at Camp Dix, New Jersey.
The unit as reconstituted on 24 June 1921 in the Organized Reserves as Headquarters Company, 87th Division and organized in February 1922 at New Orleans, Louisiana. The unit was reorganized and redesignated on 13 February 1942 as Headquarters and Military Police Company (less Military Police Platoon), 87th Division. It was ordered into active military service on 15 December 1942 and reorganized at Camp McCain, Mississippi with the rest of the 87th Division. It was concurrently redesignated as Headquarters Company, 87th Infantry Division. After serving with the 87th Infantry Division in the European Theater of Operations during World War II, the unit was inactivated on 21 September 1945 at Fort Benning, Georgia.
The unit was reactivated on 12 May 1947 at Birmingham, Alabama. An element of the Organized Reserves, the Division remained a part of this organization was it was redesignated on 25 March 1948 as the Organized Reserve Corps, which was in turn redesignated on 9 July 1952 as the Army Reserve. The unit was inactivated on 15 February 1957 at Birmingham, Alabama as part of the reflagging of the 87th Infantry Division as the 87th Maneuver Area Command.
The unit was consolidated on 17 October 1999 with Headquarters, 1st Brigade, 87th Division (Exercise), which had been activated on 1 October 1993 at Birmingham, Alabama. The consolidated unit was reorganized and redesignated as Headquarters, 1st Brigade, 87th Division (Training Support).
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