7th Transportation Battalion
"On Time, On Target"
The 7th Transportation Battalion was originally constituted in the Army of the United States as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 7th Quartermaster Troop Transport Battalion on 17 June 1943. The unit was activated on 25 August 1943, at Camp Livingston, Louisiana. The unit was redesignated on 30 November 1943 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 7th Quartermaster Battalion, Mobile. It deployed to Europe where it participated in the Rhineland and Central European Campaigns of World War II. The Battalion was inactivated after the end of the Second World War on 14 November 1945 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri.
The unit was converted and redesignated on 1 August 1946 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 7th Transportation Corps Truck Battalion. It was redesignated on 16 October 1952 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 7th Transportation Battalion, and allotted to the Regular Army. The Battalion was activated on 17 November 1952 at Camp Atterbury, Indiana. The 7th Transportation Battalion subsequently served with the Army of Occupation in Japan and acquired the nickname "Orient Express." The unit was redesignated on 25 June 1959 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 7th Transportation Battalion.
The Battalion was deployed to Vietnam from 1966 to 1972. There it participated in 13 campaigns: Counteroffensive Phase II, Counteroffensive Phase III, Tet Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase IV, Counteroffensive Phase V, Counteroffensive Phase VI, Tet 69/Counteroffensive, Summer-Fall 1969, Winter-Spring 1970, Sanctuary Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase VII, Consolidation I, and Consolidation II. After returning from Vietnam, the Battalion was inactivated on 30 March 1972 at Fort Lewis, Washington.
The 7th Transportation Battalion was reactivated on 21 July 1974 at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. The Battalion deployed soldiers to St. Croix, US Virgin Islands following the aftermath of the effects of Hurricane Hugo. The Battalion provided Arrival/Departure Airfield Control Group (A/DACG) and upon arrival, organized and directed the movement of critically needed supplies and expedited the evacuation of stranded citizens.
The Battalion deployed in support of Operation Just Cause in Panama from December 1989 through January 1990. The Battalion sent elements from 3 units to set up and operate a Transportation Motor Pool (TMP), a Class IX supply point and 2 A/DACGs. The TMP and Class IX supply point directly supported the XVIII Corps. One A/DACG supported XVIII Corps JSOC Operations, while the other made a combat jump in direct support of the 82nd Airborne Division.
The Battalion deployed later in 1990 in support of Operation Desert Shield, deploying almost 1,000 soldiers to Southwest Asia in August 1990. It subsequently participated in Operation Desert Storm. The Battalion received recognition for its establishment of Log Base Charlie, with the movement of over 300,000 short tons of supplies. Additionally, the Battalion ran the Transportation Consolidation Center-North, providing rapid redeployment support to the XVIII Corps units in a record 21 days and over 500 miles. The Battalion drove over 6 million miles during these operations. Finally, the Battalion provided rigger support throughout the entire theater of operations rigging in excess of 1,300 tons of supplies and dropped over 130 tons during the ground war.
7th Transportation Battalion riggers deployed to Turkey in support of Operation Provide Comfort, rigging supplies for airdrop to the Kurdish refugees left stranded after war. The Battalion's soldiers assisted in the rigging effort, which resulted in over 7,000 CDS bundles dropped in a 30-day period. It was the largest humanitarian airdrop mission on record at the time.
Elements of the Battalion deployed to support operations at Guantanemo Naval Base, Southern Florida in support of Hurricane Andrew relief efforts. They subsequently deployed to Somalia in support of Operations Restore Hope and Uphold Democracy. Elements of the Battalion also participated in United Nations peacekeeping missions in Bosnia.
In February 2006, the Division Support Command, 82nd Airborne Division was reorganized and redesignated as the 82nd Sustainment Brigade, to which the 7th Transportation Battalion subsequently became assigned. As of July 2006, the 7th Transporation Battalion was attached to the 1 Brigade, 34th Division, operating in Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
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