61st Medical Battalion (Multifunctional)
61st Medical Battalion (Area Support)
The mission of the 61st Medical Battalion (Multifunctional) is to organize, train, deploy, and command and control attached and assigned units of a medical task force; and provide level I and level II combat health support to include far forward surgical capabilities, advanced trauma life support, sick call, patient holding, dental services, diagnostic services, preventive medicine, mental health, optometry, and ground evacuation services on an area support basis.
Previously, the mission of the 61st Medical Battalion (Area Support) had been to provide Level I and II Combat Health Support and medical evacuation to III Corps units and other units including joint services as required; be prepared to rapidly reinforce/replace standard medical modules to division-level units; augment medical units with field surgical support; and provide combat stress control, preventive medicine, optometry and dental services to III Corps personnel.
The 61st Medical Battalion was first constituted on 7 August 1942 in the Army of the United States as the 61st Medical Battalion, Motorized and activated on 25 September 1942 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky. The Battalion was broken up 9 May 1944 and its elements reorganized and redesignated. Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment was reorganized and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 61st Medical Battalion. Companies A, B, and C, and the Clearing Company were reorganized and redesignated as the 391st, 392nd, and 393rd Medical Collecting Companies, and the 643rd Clearing Company, respectively, each thereafter having separate lineages. The unit participated in the Normandy landings, recieving participation credit for the campaign, including a streamer with arrowhead, indicating participation in the initial assault. The Battalion also participated in the Northern France campaign. It was inactivated on 12 November 1945 in France after the end of the Second World War.
The Battalion was allotted on 1 March 1963 to the Regular Army and reactivated on 26 March 1963 at Fort Campbell, Kentucky. The Battalion was later deployed to Vietnam, participating in 14 campaigns of the conflict there: Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase II, Counteroffensive Phase III, Tet Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase IV, Counteroffensive Phase V, Counteroffensive Phase VI, Tet 69/Counteroffensive, Summer-Fall 1969, Winter-Spring 1970, Sanctuary Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase VII, Consolidation I, and Consolidation II. After returning from Vietnam, the unit was inactivated on 18 February 1972 at Fort Lewis, Washington.
The Battalion was reactivated on 15 January 1993 at Fort Hood, Texas with its organic elements concurrently constituted and activated.
After the events of 11 September 2001, the Battalion deployed elements in support of both Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom in Iraq. These elements redeployed back to Fort Hood in August 2004. In October 2005, the unit cased it colors in preparation for another deployment in support of the Global War on Terror (later termed Overseas Contingency Operations).
In September 2010, the 61st Medical Battalion (Multifunctional) returned from a year-long deployment in Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
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