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5th Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery Regiment
"Black Dragons"

The mission of the 5th Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery Regiment, "Black Dragons," is to, on order, deploy direct support cannon to conduct counter-fire and deep operations in support of 4th Brigade Combat Team, 1st Calvary Division.

The 5th Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery Regiment was first constituted on 1 July 1916 in the Regular Army as Troops I and K, 24th Cavalry and organized on 5 June 1917 at Fort D.A. Russell, Wyoming. The 24th Cavalry as a whole was organized representing approximately one third of the officers and enlisted men that had made up the 1st Cavalry.

On 1 November 1917, the 24th Cavalry was converted and redesiganted as the 82nd Field Artillery Regiment, consisting of 62 officers, 1448 enlisted men, 1117 horses, and 114 mules stationed at Fort D.A. Russell, Wyoming. The Regiment would then be reassigned to Camp Logan and later assigned to Fort Bliss, Texas and assigned to the 15th Cavalry Division. Troops I and K, 24th Cavalry were consolidated, converted, and redesignated on 1 November 1917 as Battery E, 82nd Field Artillery, an element of the 15th Cavalry Division. 82nd Field Artillery was relieved in May 1918 from assignment to the 15th Cavalry Division.

Battery E, 82nd Field Artillery was inactivated on 9 September 1921 at Fort Bliss, Texas, while A, B and C Batteries became part of the reorganized and redesignated 82nd Field Artillery (Horse) Battalion, which was assigned to the newly activated 1st Cavalry Division. On the same date, the former Battery E, 82nd Field Artillery was redesignated as Battery B, 84th Field Artillery Battalion. On 17 March 1930 it was redesignated back to Battery E, 82nd Field Artillery, and rejoined the rest of the Regiment as an element of the 1st Cavalry Division. It was activated on 1 December 1934 at Fort Bliss, Texas.

Battery E, 82nd Field Artillery was absorbed on 3 January 1941 by Battery B, 82nd Field Artillery Battalion. Battery B, 82nd Field Artillery was reorganized and redesignated on 3 January 1941 as Battery B, 82nd Field Artillery Battalion. During the Second World War, the 82nd Field Artillery Battalion served with the 1st Cavalry Division in the Pacific Theater of Operations. In February 1944, as part of Task Force Brewer, the 82nd Field Artillery Battalion landed at Hayane Harbor taking the Japanese by surprise. The 1st Cavalry Division troopers overcame the suicidal attacks of the Japanese and ended the Admiralty Islands campaign with 3,317 Japanese casualties against the cost of 1271 dead and wounded.

After the end of the Second World War and serving as part of US occupation forces in Japan and then in 7 campaigns of the Korean War, Battery B, 82nd Field Artillery Battalion was inactivated on 15 October 1957 in Japan and relieved from assignment to the 1st Cavalry Division.

Subsequently, former Battery E, 82nd Field Artillery was reconstituted on 1 June 1958 in the Regular Army. It was redesignated on 31 July 1959 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 5th Battalion, 82nd Artillery. It was redesignated again on 1 July 1960 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 5th Howitzer Battalion, 82nd Artillery, assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division, and activated in Korea with its organic elements concurrently constituted and activated. It was redesignated on 1 September 1963 as the 5th Battalion, 82nd Artillery. On 1 July 1965, the unit moved from Korea to Fort Benning, Georgia as part of the reflagging of the 11th Air Assault Division (Test) as the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile). Concurrently, Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 5th Battalion, 82nd Artillery, was reorganized and redesignated as Battery E, 82nd Artillery with the remainder of Battalion concurrently inactivated.

Battery E (Aviation), 82nd Artillery served with the 1st Cavalry Division in Vietnam. It participated in 13 campaigns: Defense, Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase II, Counteroffensive Phase III, Tet Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase IV, Counteroffensive Phase V, Counteroffensive Phase VI, Tet 69/Counteroffensive, Summer-Fall 1969, Winter-Spring 1970, Sanctuary Counteroffensive, and Counteroffensive Phase VII. Battery E, 82nd Artillery was inactivated 10 April 1971 in Vietnam.

While inactive, the unit was redesignated on 1 September 1971 as Battery E, 82nd Field Artillery. The unit was reactivated on 21 January 1977 at Fort Hood, Texas, remaining assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division. The unit was inactivated on 16 August 1987 at Fort Hood, Texas, and relieved from assignment to the 1st Cavalry Division.

Battery E, 82nd Field Artillery was redesignated on 10 September 2004 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 5th Battalion, 82d Field Artillery. It was redesignated on 1 October 2005 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 5th Battalion, 82d Field Artillery Regiment. It was assigned on 17 October 2005 to the 4th Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, and activated at Fort Bliss, Texas with its organic elements concurrently activated. This was part of the transformation of the 1st Cavalry Division to the US Army's modular force structure. As a result, assets that had previously been held at division level, but habitually attached to brigades during operations were made organic to the reorganized and redesignated brigade combt teams. 5th Battalion, 82nd Artillery became the organic field artillery battalion for the 4th Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division.

As of April 2006, the 5-82nd Field Artillery had recently completed their combat certification and were preparing to deploy to Operation Iraqi Freedom. The Battalion earned a Valorous Unit Award for extraordinary heroism while deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom from 31 October 2006 to 30 September 2007.

In 2008, the 4th Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, including the 5th Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery, was inactivated and its personnel reflagged as the 4th Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division. The 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division at Fort Hood, Texas was subsequently inactivated and its personnel reflagged as the 4th Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, which was subsequently reactivated there in March 2008.

From June 2008 to June 2009, the Battalion deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom 08-10.




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Page last modified: 05-07-2011 01:29:24 ZULU