5th Battalion, 52nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment
The 5th Battalion, 52nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment is a patriot-equipped air defense artillery battalion assigned to the 11th Air Defense Artillery Brigade and based at Fort Bliss, Texas.
The 5th Battalion, 52nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment was first organized on 6 July 1916 in the Regular Army at Fort Washington, Maryland, as the 1st Company, Fort Washington (Maryland). The unit was reorganized and redesignated on 6 July 1917 as Battery I, 8th Provisional Regiment, Coast Artillery Corps and again on 5 February 1918 as Battery I, 53rd Artillery (Coast Artillery Corps). The unit was again redesignated on 15 July 1918 as Battery E, 52nd Artillery (Coast Artillery Corps). During this period, the unit had been deployed to Europe for service in the Great War. There it participated in 5 campaigns: Champagne-Marne, St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne, Champagne 1918, and Lorraine 1918. After returning from Europe, the unit was subsequently inactivated on 16 May 1921 at Fort Eustis, Virginia.
Battery E, 52nd Artillery (Coast Artillery Corps) was reactivated on 18 August 1921 at Fort Eustis, Virginia. The unit received and additional designation on 1 June 1922 as the 227th Company, Coast Artillery Corps, with this designation being abolished on 1 July 1924, at which time the unit was redesignated as Battery E, 52nd Coast Artillery.
The unit was reorganized and redesignated on 1 May 1943 as Battery A, 285th Coast Artillery Battalion, which was subsequently inactivated on 5 May 1944 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky and disbanded entirely on 14 June 1944. The unit had deployed to Europe during the Second World War, participating in the Central Europe campaign. The unit was reconstituted on 28 June 1950 in the Regular Army and its lineage and honors consolidated with Battery A, 52nd Field Artillery Battalion, then active. Battery A, 52nd Field Artillery Battalion had been constituted on 1 October 1933 in the Regular Army as Battery A, 52nd Field Artillery and redesignated on 26 August 1941 as Battery A, 52nd Field Artillery Battalion, an element of the 24th Infantry Division. It was activated on 1 October 1941 at Schofield Barracks, Territory of Hawaii and subsequently served in the Pacific Theater of Operations during the Second World War. The consolidated unit subsequently gained participation credit for 5 additional campaigns during the Second World War: Central Pacific, New Guinea, Leyte, Luzon, and Southern Philippines. The campaign streamers for New Guinea and Southern Philippines featured an arrowhead indicating the unit's participation in the initial assault landings.
The consolidated unit was designated as Battery A, 52nd Field Artillery Battalion, an element of the 24th Infantry Division. The unit was deployed to Korea with the 24th Infantry Division and subsequently participated in 8 campaigns of the Korean War: UN Defensive, UN Offensive, CCF Intervention, First UN Counteroffensive, CCF Spring Offensive, UN Summer-Fall Offensive, Second Korean Winter, and Korea, Summer-Fall 1952. Battery A, 52nd Field Artillery Battalion was inactivated on 5 June 1958 and relieved from assignment to the 24th Infantry Division. It was withdrawn on 18 May 1959 from the Regular Army and allotted to the Army Reserve. At this time it was concurrently redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 5th Automatic Weapons Battalion, 52nd Artillery, with its organic elements concurrently constituted.
The unit was redesignated on 1 December 1971 as the 5th Automatic Weapons Battalion, 52d Air Defense Artillery. It was redesignated again on 21 December 1975 as the 5th Battalion, 52nd Air Defense Artillery. At that time it was concurrently withdrawn from the Army Reserve, allotted to the Regular Army, assigned to the 24th Infantry Division, and activated at Fort Stewart, Georgia. The Battalion was inactivated on 16 November 1988 at Fort Stewart, Georgia, and relieved from assignment to the 24th Infantry Division.
The Battalion was reactivated on 16 September 1996 at Fort Bliss, Texas as an element of the 11th Air Defense Artillery Brigade. Concurrently, 2nd Battalion, 7th Air Defense Artillery was inactivated and its personnel and equipment reflagged as 5-52nd Air Defense Artillery.
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