49th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control) (Corps)
49th Transportation Center (Movement Control) (Corps)
"49ers" / "We Never Stop"
The mission of the 49th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control) is to deploy and provide command and control of assigned movement control teams to provide movement management and highway regulation in assigned area in order to ensure the effective movements of cargo, personnel, and units according to command priorities.
The 49th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control) was first constituted on 1 May 1936 in the Regular Army as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 1st Battalion, 49th Quartermaster Regiment. As part of the general mobilization following America's entry into World War II, the Battalion was redesignated on 1 April 1942 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 1st Battalion, 49th Quartermaster Truck Regiment and activated on 1 May 1942 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. The 49th Quartermaster Truck Regiment as a whole remained under the auspices of the Quartermaster Corps following the creation of the Transportation Corps on 31 July 1942.
The unit was reorganized and redesignated on 14 December 1943 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 49th Quartermaster Battalion, Mobile. The Battalion subsequently deployed to France as part of the follow-on forces in the wake of the Normandy invasion. The Battalion took part in the Allied campaigns in Northern France and Central Europe, earning campaign streamers for its colors in both. At end of the Second World War, the Battalion remained in Europe. As part of the post-war demobilization, the Battalion was inactivated on 8 April 1946 in France.
While inactive, the Battalion was converted and redesignated on 1 August 1946 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 49th Transportation Corps Truck Battalion, transferring from the Quartermaster Corps to the Transportation Corps. It was redesignated again on 11 June 1954 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 49th Transportation Battalion. It was reactivated on 3 August 1954 at Camp Gordon, Georgia and inactivated there on 1 September 1955.
The Battalion was reactivated on 5 December 1955 in Germany. The Battalion was reorganized and redesignated on 20 February 1959 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 49th Transportation Battalion, on 25 July 1963 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 49th Transportation Group, and on 25 May 1965 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 49th Transportation Center. Throughout the reorganizations, the unit remained in the active force structure as part of the support structure for US forces stationed in Europe until 1 March 1968, when it was inactivated in Germany.
The unit was redesignated on 1 April 1982 as the 49th Transportation Center and activated at Fort Hood, Texas. There it became the Corps Movement Control Center for III Corps in August 1988.
Beginning in August 1990, the Center began deploying its subordinate movement control teams to Southwest Asia, where they were attached to the 330th Transportation Center in support of XVIII Airborne Corps. The 49th Transportation Center (Movement Control) (Corps) eventually deployed to support US forces in Saudi Arabia and was initially assigned to the XVIII Airborne Corps and then the 22nd Support Command. While deployed in support of Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, the Center earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), streamer embroidered SOUTHWEST ASIA, and campaign streamers for both the Defense of Saudi Arabia and the Liberation and Defense of Kuwait.
In 1993, elements of the 49th Transportation center deployed with other units of the 13th Corps Support Command as part of the Joint Task Force supporting Operation Restore Hope in Somalia. The Center's participation was recognized by the award of the Joint Meritorious Unit Award, streamer embroidered RESTORE HOPE. In late 1995, the Center deployed a planning team to Europe to help plan the deployment into Bosnia. This team then became the nucleus around which the Joint Movements Center for the operation was built. From then until the fall of 1998, the Center had soldiers continually deployed to different regions of the world. In April 1997, the 49th Transportation Center had 6 subordinate units deployed to 6 countries, performing movement control operations in support of various exercises and contingency operations.
In October 1999, the unit was reorganized and redesignated as the 49th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control) (Corps). The 49th Movement Control Battalion (Corps) provided movement control support to III Corps, providing multi-echelon movement control in support of worldwide contingencies.
After 1999, the Battalion deployed detachments numerous times to Kuwait for Operation Desert Spring and to Egypt for Bright Star. After the events of 11 September 2001, the Battalion sent detachments to Kuwait for Operation Vigilante Hammer and to Southwest Asia and Europe in support of Operation Enduring and Iraq freedom. Elements of 49th Trans Battalion deployed to Louisiana in support of JTF-Katrina to help Facilitate relief efforts for Hurricane Katrina victims.
Elements of the 49th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control) deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom II in 2003. In the face of the largest logistical effort since World War II, the Battalion set the stage for success by redeploying 5 Army divisions from the Iraqi theater while simultaneously deploying 2 Army divisions and the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force into the combat zone.
The Battalion synchronized the timetable that enabled the movement of over 19,700 pieces of equipment through over 323 million miles of the Iraqi Zone via air, ground, and rail and established tracking systems that monitored over 56,300 convoys consisting of over 1.1 million vehicles. These convoys moved over 2.6 million pieces of equipment and delivered over 853 million tons of supplies to combat forces. The Battalion also renovated Iraqi airfields within the combat zone to maximize their potential as logistical hubs. Through these efforts 49th Transportation Battalion soldiers processed over 10,200 aircraft, 100,700 passengers, 70,200 tons of supplies, and 63,000 pallets of cargo.
Beginning in 2006, the 13th Corps Support Command began its transformation to an expeditionary sustainment command as part of the transformation of the US Army to the modular force structure. The 49th Transportation Battalion was subsequently reassigned first the 15th Sustainment Brigade and then to the 4th Sustainment Brigade, both elementts of the 13th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary).
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|