364th Civil Affairs Brigade (Airborne)
The years following the Persian Gulf War were very busy ones for the Army Reserve. While Army Reserve Civil Affairs and Public Affairs soldiers were engaged in Operation PROVIDE COMFORT in northern Iraq immediately following the war, other Army Reserve CA soldiers found themselves assisting in the humanitarian relief effort in Bangladesh, Operation SEA ANGEL. A cyclone hit Bangladesh on April 29 and 30, 1991, killing 100,000 people and leaving millions of others stranded on islands in the Ganges and Brahmaputra River deltas. Army Reserve soldiers from the 351st CA Command, the 364th CA Brigade, the 322nd CA Group and the 402nd and 413th CA Companies joined active Army soldiers and U.S. Marines to providing help to the victims. Operation SEA ANGEL ended in late May 1991.
A Disaster Preparedness Planning Survey (DPPS) was performed in the Republic of Kiribati from 30 June to 10 July 1994. The survey and subsequent evaluation was performed by personnel from the 364th Civil Affairs Brigade, Portland, Oregon, and the 322nd Civil Affairs Brigade, Honolulu, Hawaii.
In January 1995, the 25th Infantry Division (Light) [25th ID(L)] under the command of then Major General George Fisher, took control of the Multinational Force (MNF) conducting Operation Maintain Democracy in Haiti. Fisher took with him 70 soldiers from the 448th Civil Affairs (CA) Battalion, one of four general-purpose battalions organized under the 364th CA Brigade, Portland, Oregon. Between June 1995 and March 1996, after transition to the United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH), two other CA battalions, the 407th and 445th, also deployed to Haiti to conduct civil-military operations (CMO). When Fisher and his staff did their in-country reconnaissance for Operation Maintain Democracy, neither the 448th nor its higher headquarters, the 364th, was aware of the impending mission. When the 448th received the warning order in early December 1994, only CA generalists were requested for the deployment; functional specialists, administrative and logistic support elements were conspicuously absent from the statement of requirements. Initially, 364th CA Brigade forces committed to Haiti deployed without specialty teams and, except for the last four months under UNMIH, were commanded and controlled in a complex, cumbersome way. The situation began to change with reassessment of mission parameters under UNMIH and the subsequent reassignment of functional specialists contained in the DSTs to specialty-specific jobs. It came to fruition only with the final CA rotation, when the CMOC director assumed command of all UNMIH CA forces.
About 130 Army Reserve civil affairs soldiers, mostly from the West Coast's 364th Civil Affairs Brigade, departed in June 1997 from Pope Air Force Base. Their units were part of the U.S. Army Civil Affairs and Pyschological Operations Command at Fort Bragg. They replaced soldiers who returned as their duty came to a close. The civil affairs soldiers, who specialize in dealing with civilian governments and agencies, could be in Bosnia for up to nine months. They helped organize elections and coordinate repairs to the country's utilities. More than 1,500 civil affairs and psychological operations soldiers had served in the former Yugoslavia by mid-1997.
Cobra Gold 99 (CG 99) is a Combined/Joint air, land, maritime, amphibious, and special operations exercise. This exercise is conducted to enhance the capabilities and readiness of U.S. and Thai forces as well as meet the goals of USCINCPAC's Cooperative Engagement Strategy. Key to this strategy are the Civil Military Operations (CMO) endemic to Cobra Gold 99. US/Thai Civil Affairs personnel deployed to CJTF Cobra Gold 99 Joint Operations Area (JOA) to conduct a Command Post Exercise (CPX), and conduct H/CA projects. US and Thai military units, augmented by Thai civilian volunteers, conducted H/CA projects (ENCAPs & MEDCAPs) within the JOA throughout the exercise. US forces tasked to execute H/CA projects came from all services. Major units executing H/CA projects include the 864th Engr Bn, 364 CA Bde, the 96th CA Bn (ABN) and the 62nd Medical Group. Numerous personnel from various services and units augmented the H/CA teams. The CJCMOTF is responsible for C2, planning, and carrying out both MEDCAPs and ENCAPs with subordinate medical and engineer task forces. MEDCAPs were conducted by the medical professionals of the 62nd Medical Group, Madigan Army Medical Center, 364th Civil Affairs Brigade, and selected medical professionals from PACAF and PACFLT.
The distinctive unit insignia was authorized on 27 Dec 1976. Purple and white are colors used for Civil Affairs. The globe, torch, scroll and civic crown symbolize the worldwide aspects and control of civilian activities, facilities and material within those territorial areas in which armed forces are employed. The swords represent maximum support and assistance to the military operations and conduct of Civil Affairs and military government activities. The green oak leaves are symbolic of stability.
The shoulder sleeve insignia was authorized on 21 Dec 1976. The sword and scroll were suggested by the Civil Affairs insignia of branch. The stylized fir tree represents the forests of Oregon, symbolizing the present location of the organization. Purple and white are colors used for Civil Affairs units.
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