35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade
The mission of the 35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade is to conduct Theater Air and Missile Defense of Combined Forces Command (CFC) critical assets in the Korean Theater of Operations in order to enable CFC to execute sortie generation and build combat power. The 35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade would complete this mission by conducting command and control, protecting the force, providing sustainment, conducting Air and Missile Defense, conducting Joint Air and Missile Defense operations, and performing noncombatant evacuation operations.
Prior to the deployment of the 35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade to Korea, its mission was to, on order, deploys to a designated theater of operation and protect critical assets to ensure the CINC's freedom of action. When directed, redeploy as needed to support offensive operations. Korea was the "on order" mission of 35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade. The 35th ADA was tasked to deploy to South Korea to support execution of OPLAN 5027. The movement of the Brigade to South Korea in late 2004, however, did not indicate that execution of this OPLAN was immimenent.
Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade was first constituted in June 1918 in the Coast Defense of the Potomac. Headquarters, 35th Coast Artillery Brigade was first organized on 1 June 1918 at Fort Hunt, Virginia. The 35th Coast Artillery arrived in France in September 1918 and after the Armistice that ended World War I, demobilized at Fort Totten, New York in 1919.
The unit was reactivated in November 1942 at Camp Steward, Georgia. The 35th Coast Artillery Brigade sailed for North Africa in April 1943 to provide anti-aircraft defense for the Fifth US Army. In September 1943, the 35th was part of the invasion force that landed at Salerno, making the 35th Coast Artillery Brigade the first Allied anti-aircraft unit to land in Europe during World War II. In June 1944, what had become the 35th Anti-Aircraft Brigade, participated in the invasion of southern France where it achieved 406 confirmed and 286 probable hostile kills. The 35th Anti-Aircraft Brigade returned to the US in 1945 and inactivated at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey.
The unit was reactivated in November 1948 at Fort Bliss, Texas. The 35th Anti-Aircraft Brigade subsequently moved to Fort Meade, Maryland in 1950 to provide anti-aircraft defense of Washington, DC and to plan the defense of other cities in the vicinity. There, the 35th Anti-Aircraft Brigade set Air Defense Artillery milestone as it became the first Nike-Ajax guided missile command in 1957.
In March 1958, the Brigade was redesignated as the 35th Artillery Brigade (Air Defense), and operated the countries first Nike-Hercules site at Davidsonville, Maryland. The Brigade was inactivated on 4 June 1973 at Fort Meade, Maryland.
The 35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade was activated on 1 June 1985 at Fort Lewis, Washington, as the first Corps Air Defense Artillery Brigade in the United States Army. In 1991, the 3rd Battalion (Chaparral), 2nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment participated in Operation Desert Storm. In 1992, the Brigade inactivated the 1st Battalion (HAWK), 52nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment and the 3rd Battalion, 2nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment in 1994.
About 300 soldiers from the 108th Air Defense Artillery Brigade and the 35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade were to depart for Southwest Asia in the forthcoming weeks according to a story by the Associated Press on 3 January 2003. Both units were Patriot units.
The 35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade (Patriot) was stationed at Fort Bliss, Texas until late 2004. Following its deployment to southwest Asia, the 35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade became fully operational on the Korean peninsula by the end of 2004. The Army deployed the Brigade, which had been stationed at Fort Bliss, Texas, to South Korea. Its new headquarters was at Osan Air Base, 48 miles south of Korea's Demilitarized Zone. The Brigade deployed from the United States to South Korea began moving into its newly built headquarters in October 2004. The Brigade marked completing its deployment to South Korea with a formal ceremony sometime in December 2004. By then, the Brigade numbered about 1,200 soldiers and maintained 8 firing batteries at 4 air bases: Osan, Suwon, Kunsan and Kwangju. A battery was composed of 8 launchers of PAC-2 and PAC-3 missiles, each having 4 and 16 interceptors, respectively.
In 2007, the decision was made to rotate Air Defense Artillery Battalions in the United States and elsewhere through the 35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade in Korea for one year temporary changes of station. This practice was halted in 2009, with the decision to permenantly deploy 2 Air Defens Artillery Battalions to the Brigade. In May 2009, the 6th Battalion, 52nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment conducted a transfer of authority with the 3rd Battalion, 2nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment becoming the first of these units. In October 2009, the 2nd Battalion, 1st Air Defense Artillery Regiment, which had been assigned to the Brigade in 2004, conducted a transfer of authority with the 4th Battalion, 5th Air Defense Artillery Regiment. At that time, the 35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade consisted of those 2 units.
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