34th Area Support Group
The 34th Area Support Group was inactivated in September 2004, casing its colors during a ceremony on 9 September 2004. The 25th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control) was inactivated. It was eventually reactivated as part of the reorganized US Army Materiel Support Center - Korea.
The 34th Area Support Group's responsibilities included installation base operations and support to all units in Area II, some 22 installations/sub installations with a supported population in excess of 23,000 personnel. Yongsan served as the entertainment hub for the peninsula with thousands of US military and civilian personnel coming to The Dragon Hill Lodge, 121st General Hospital, Yongsan Commissary, Army and Air Force Exchange Service facilities, as well as the numerous Morale, Welfare and Recreation activities provided.
As the headquarters for Yongsan Installation, 34th Area Support Group provided support to United Nations Command, Headquarters, United States Forces Korea, HQ, EUSA and ten Major Subordinate Command Headquarters at Yongsan. In addition, BASEOPS support was provided to 131 tenant units in Area II. The 34th Support Group and Area II included Yongsan Garrison, Camp Colbern, K-16 Airfield, Niblo Barracks, Madison Site, FED Compound, Camp Gray Annex, Camp Market, Camp Morse, Sungnam Golf Course, Tango, Kimpo Postal Facilities, Koryosan ASA, EUSA Retreat Center, and Yongin.
Yongsan Garrison was located in the heart of the capitol city of Seoul, South Korea. Although Seoul boasted a population of over 11-million, Yongsan Garrison enjoyed the life-style of a suburb of a small city. Yongsan Garrison was home to the quad-headquarters of the United Nations Command, US-ROK Combined Forces Command, United States Forces Korea and the Eighth United States Army. In addition, over 100 tenant units to include all headquarters for the Major Subordinate Units were located in Yongsan.
At the end of World War II, the United States Army Military Government in Korea (USAMGIK) took surrender of Japanese forces south of the 38th Parallel and elements of this command occupied portions of what became Yongsan Garrison. On 1 July 1949, only a handful of US military personnel remained in Korea as an advisory group to the Republic of Korea Army.
At the outbreak of the Korean War on 25 June 1950, President Harry S. Truman committed Army, Naval and Air forces to thwart the North Korean invasion of the Republic. On 27 July 1953, an Armistice was signed. Yongsan Garrison became the headquarters location for Headquarters, 8th Army in the Spring of 1955. On 1 July 1957, Headquarters, United Nations Command relocated from Tokyo to Seoul with the concurrent establishment of the United States Forces, Korea, which were co-located at Yongsan.
The 34th Area Support Group was first activated in the Republic of Vietnam on 24 January 1966. It had initially established as a General Support Group (Aircraft Maintenance and Support) (Provisional) in December 1965 at Saigon. Upon activation, the 34th Support Group was stationed at Tan Son Nhut. The 34th Support Group participated in 15 campaigns and received 5 Meritorious Unit Commendations, the Vietnam Cross of Gallantry and the Vietnam Civic Action Medal during the 6 years of combat support to US Forces in Vietnam. At the close of the Vietnam War, the 34th Support Group was inactivated on 30 November 1972.
On 17 September 1984, US Army Garrison, Pusan, was inactivated and the 34th Area Support Group was reactivated in its place with the responsibilities for installation command, base operations and supply and service support to all units in Area VII.
On 6 September 1990, as part of a peninsula-wide reorganization of base operations, the 34th Area Support Group was relocated from Pusan to Yongsan. The 34th Area Support Group assumed responsibility for installation and Area II command, installation operations, force protection, logistical support to all units in Area II, non-combatant evacuation operations and base defense.
After some 2 decades of service in Korea, the 34th Area Support Group was inactivated in September 2004. The inactivation came both as part of the drawdown of US forces in Korea and the transformation of the US Army to the new modular force structure. By December 2005, the 19th Theater Support Command had been reorganized and redesignated as the 19th Expeditionary Sustainment Command, and by June 2006, the remaining Support Groups in Korea had either been redesignated or inactivated. The 25th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control) was eventually reassigned to the reorganized US Army Materiel Support Center - Korea.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|