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313th Military Intelligence Battalion

In 2006 as part of the transformation of the entire 82nd Airborne Division to the US Army's new modular force structure, the 313th Military Intelligence Battalion was inactivated. Some of its component units were reflagged as the military intelligence components for the Brigade Special Troops Battalions, an integral component of the reorganized modular Brigade Combat Teams.

The 313th Military Intelligence Battalion was one of the most decorated military intelligence units in the United States Army. Assigned to the 82nd Airborne Division on 16 October 1979, the 313th was responsible for the identification, interception, and jamming of enemy communications as well as collecting and disseminating battlefield intelligence from a variety of sources ranging from individual Human Intelligence (HUMINT) sources to national level intelligence assets. The 313th Military Intelligence Battalion was located at Fort Bragg North Carolina.

The organization provided direct and general support to the 82nd Airborne Division in the form of intelligence collection, analysis, and dissemination; counterintelligence and interrogation; signals intelligence, including ground and air based intercept, jamming, and direction finding; remote battlefield sensors and ground surveillance radar; JSTARS downlink; and long range surveillance. The 313th Military Intelligence Battalion was one of the most diverse units in the United States Army, with paratroopers holding 47 different military occupational specialties and speaking 8 different languages. It continued to "lead the way" in tactical intelligence support to combat commanders and stood ready to deploy and provide analysis, intelligence collection, non-lethal fires, and force protection to the 82nd Airborne Division.

Headquarters and Service Company (HSC) was the largest company in the Battalion. It was composed of the Battalion Staff, as well a motor and electronic maintenance, dining facility, and company operations personnel. It supported the Battalion mission by ensuring that operations are sustained and supported. Its mission was to rapidly deploy with no-notice and provide supplies, maintenance services, and food preparation in support of the 313th Military Intelligence Battalion.

A, B, and C Companies were the 313th Military Intelligence's 3 direct support companies. Company A was tasked to support the 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment (PIR) and had sent soldiers to Bosnia, Kosovo, as well as language training in the Dominican Republic and training deployments to Fort Polk, Louisiana and Brigade FTXs at Fort Bragg. Company B was tasked to support the 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment (AIR) and had sent soldiers to Bosnia, Kosovo, as well as training deployments to Fort Irwin, California, Fort Polk, Louisiana, and Brigade FTXs at Fort Bragg. Company C was tasked to support the 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment (PIR) and had sent soldiers to Albania, Kosovo, and training deployments to Fort Polk, Louisiana and Brigade FTXs at Fort Bragg. Their missions were to within 18 hours of notification, strategically deploy and insert by parachute assault to conduct multi-disciplined intelligence collection, electronic attack, and force protection operations in direct support of 1st Brigade, 82nd Airborne Division.

D company was the 313th's general support military intelligence company. With the ACE (Analysis and Control Element), as well as JSTARS Common Ground Station and HUMINT assets, Company D provided battlefield intelligence directly to the Division command group. The company's soldiers routinely deployed to Bosnia and Kosovo. Its mission was to rapidly deploy with no-notice and conduct split-based analysis, multi-disciplined intelligence collection, and force protection operations in general support of the 82nd Airborne Division.

E Company was the 82nd Airborne Division's Long Range Surveillance Detachment. By using insertion techniques such as military free fall, E Company provided vital intelligence on objectives to the planners and warfighters in the Division. This information was used to confirm or modify the Division's plans prior to execution. Its mission was to within 18 hours of notification, strategically deploy and insert by parachute assault to conduct reconnaissance, surveillance, employ fires and provide battle damage assessment in support of 82nd Airborne Division.

The 313th Military Intelligence Battalion traces its lineage back to 25 September 1942, with the activation of the 215th Signal Depot Company. This unit was activated on 25 September 1942 at Camp Livingston, Louisiana. It was inactivated 18 November 1945 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey.

It was converted and redesignated on 21 April 1955 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 313th Communication Reconnaissance Battalion, and allotted to the Regular Army. It was activated on 16 May 1955 at Fort Bragg, North Carolina with the 358th Communication Reconnaissance Company and 337th Communication Reconnaissance Company (activated on 6 August 1952) concurrently reorganized and redesignated as Companies A and B, 313th Communication Reconnaissance Battalion.

Company A was originally constituted on 10 June 1944 in the Army of the United States as the 3191st Signal Service Company and activated on 20 June 1944 at Camp Crowder, Missouri. It was inactivated on 25 October 1945 in the Philippine Islands. It was converted and redesignated on 25 April 1951 as the 358th Communication Reconnaissance Company and allotted to the Regular Army and activated on 15 May 1951 at Fort Devens, Massachusetts.

The consolidated unit was redesignated on 1 July 1956 as the 313th Army Security Agency Battalion and inactivated on 18 December 1957 at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.

It was again activated on 25 May 1962 at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Company A was reorganized and redesignated on 15 October 1966 as the 358th Army Security Agency Company and Companies B and C were concurrently reorganized and redesignated as the 337th and 371st Army Security Agency Companies, thereafter having separate lineages.

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 313th Army Security Agency Battalion was reorganized and redesignated 16 October 1979 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 313th Military Intelligence Battalion, and assigned to the 82nd Airborne Division with the 358th Army Security Agency Company and the 82nd Military Intelligence Company being concurrently reorganized and redesignated as Companies A and B, 313th Military Intelligence Battalion. B Company also recieved personnel from the inactivated 337th Reconnaissance Company, while some personnel of the 358th Army Security Company joined personnel of the redesignated 371st Radio Research Company becoming Company C, 313th Military Intelligence Battalion.

Company B, 313th Military Intelligence Battalion was first constituted on 12 July 1944 in the Army of the United States as the 82nd Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment. It was activated on 20 August 1944 in England with personnel from provisional Counter Intelligence Corps detachment attached to the 82nd Airborne Division and allotted on 3 February 1949 to the Regular Army. The unit was reorganized and redesignated on 25 January 1958 as the 82nd Military Intelligence Detachment and again on 11 November 1970 as the 82nd Military Intelligence Company. It was assigned 21 June 1978 to the 82nd Airborne Division.

In 1986 A, B, and C companies were designated as direct support companies for each of the 82nd Airborne Division's 3 infantry brigades. The Battalion continued to evolve in the late 1980s and early 1990s, with the activation of D Company as the general support company and the transfer of the Long Range Surveillance detachment from the Division's Cavalry Squadron to the 313th Military Intelligence Battalion in 1996. The lineage included 23 campaign and battle streamers from World War II, the Dominican Republic, Vietnam, Grenada, Panama, and the Persian Gulf. Its exemplary service and support to warfighters earned the unit 7 Meritorious Unit Commendations, one Army Superior Unit Award, and 5 foreign unit awards.

Elements of the 313th Military Intelligence Battalion accompanied the 82nd Airborne Division on its deployments to Iraq between 2003 and 2005 as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom.

In 2006 as part of the transformation of the entire 82nd Airborne Division to the US Army's new modular force structure, the 313th Military Intelligence Battalion was inactivated.




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