30th Air Defense Artillery Brigade
The mission of the 30th Air Defense Artillery Brigade is, as directed, to conduct joint and combined Air and Missile Defense training at the Fires Center of Excellence and designated locations in support of operational forces.
The 30th Air Defense Artillery Brigade was originally organized on 24 July 1917 in the regular Army at Fort Adams, Rhode Island, as Headquarters, 1st Expeditionary Brigade, Coast Artillery Corps. It was redesignated as Headquarters, 1st Separate Brigade, Coast Artillery Corps on 17 September 1917. This unit was established to provide heavy artillery for troops fighting in France. It received its numerical designation as the 30th Artillery Brigade (Coast Artillery Corps - Railway) on 25 March 1918 when the Brigade took heavy railway guns to France. There it earned campaign streamers for the Saint-Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensive. After the war, the Brigade returned to the states and was inactivated in 1921. Except for a short 4-year period, the 30th Brigade would not be active again until 1960.
After reactivation in 1960 as the 30th Artillery Brigade (Air Defense), the Brigade became a missile defense unit, taking over the mission of the 97th Artillery Group, which had been manning the Nike-Hercules missiles in Japan. After adding several other battalions and with the acquisition of the HAWK air defense missiles, the 30th Artillery Brigade was brought up to 4-battalion strength, protecting Okinawa and the Ryukyu Islands from possible attack. The 30th Artillery Brigade continued to protect the interests of the United States and its allies until the air defense responsibilities were handed back to the Japanese government and what had been redesignated as the 30th Air Defense Artillery Brigade was inactivated on 12 June 1973.
On 18 May 2012, 30th Air Defense Artillery Brigade was reactivated as the brigade assigned to the Air Defense Artillery School at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, part of the Fires Center of Excellence. As part of the reactivation, 6th Air Defense Artillery Brigade was inactivated and its personnel reflagged. The 2nd and 3rd Battalions, 6th Air Defense Artillery and 1st Battalion, 56th Air Defense Artillery were reassigned to the 30th Air Defense Artillery.
Subsequently, the 30th Air Defense Artillery Brigade became primarily a training brigade, with approximately 750 cadre and upward of 1,000 students. The Brigade provides training for Air Defense Artillery Soldiers on all air defense artillery weapons systems, including the Patriot, Avenger and the Counter Rocket, Artillery, Mortar defense system (C-RAM). At the time of its activation, the Brigade also planned to begin training Soldiers on the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system. The primary purpose of the Brigade is to provide functional training for Advanced Individual Training soldiers, who would then returned to their units after going through the course, and for joint training with other branches and allied nations.
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