3rd Battalion - 27th Field Artillery Regiment
The mission of 3rd Battalion, 27th Field Artillery Regiment, is to maintain an MLRS battalion that is manned, equipped, and trained for rapid deployment by air, sea, and land to theaters of operations anywhere in the world. On order provide rocket and missile fires in support of combat operations.
On June 16, 2005 the US Army introduced its first unit equipped with the Lockheed Martin [NYSE: LMT] High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS), helping the service meet its goal of fielding a lighter, more mobile and more flexible fighting force.
Lockheed Martin's HIMARS was presented to Lieutenant Colonel William Turner, commander, 3rd Battalion, 27th Field Artillery, XVIII Airborne Corps, in a ceremony at Fort Bragg, NC, as the 3-27th Field Artillery Regiment (FAR) became the first certified HIMARS Battalion. The ceremony was witnessed by hundreds of Soldiers, suppliers, dignitaries and Lockheed Martin personnel, many of whom supported user training and transition of the HIMARS system to the warfighter.
The Soldiers are excited about the fielding and feel extremely proud and privileged to be the first unit equipped with HIMARS. This event symbolizes the incredible effort and level of professionalism that the HIMARS team has demonstrated in achieving this defining moment. HIMARS is C-130 transportable, supports existing and new munitions and meets all of the requirements of the Future Force.
HIMARS can accommodate the entire family of Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) munitions, including all variants of the Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) missile. Additionally, HIMARS is capable of launching the new Guided MLRS and its unitary variant, the next major step in the evolution of the MLRS Family of Munitions, offering advanced capabilities, reduced logistics support and precision attack.
Because of its C-130 transportability, HIMARS can be deployed into areas previously inaccessible to heavier launchers. HIMARS carries a single six-pack of MLRS rockets, or one ATACMS missile. Its fire control system, electronics and communications units are interchangeable with the existing MLRS M270A1 launcher, and the crew and training are the same. HIMARS prototypes were successfully employed in Operations Iraqi Freedom.
The history of the 3rd Battalion, 27th Field Artillery Regiment began in August, 1918 when the regiment was organized at Camp McClellan, AL, as an element of the 9th Division. Inactive between the two world wars, the unit was again called to service in 1940 as the 27th Field Artillery Battalion with the 1st Armor Division at Fort Knox, KY. By 1942 the Battalion was armed with self propelled 105mm howitzers and deployed to the European Theater.
In November, 1942, it took part with the 1st Armor Division in the North African landings near Oran and, subsequently, played a major role in the Division's battles in the Tunsia Campaign. By September, 1943, the 27th Field Artillery was again in combat, this time in Italy. One of only two elements of the 1st Armored Division to participate in the assault landings at Salerno, its direct fire at close range helped to turn the battle against the Germans and secure the beachhead. The unit continued its record of success at Anzio, the Amo and Gothic Lines, and the crossing of the Po River. For action in Central Italy, the 27th Field Artillery Regiment was awarded the French Croix de Guerre with Palm.
The 3rd Battalion, 27th Field Artillery Regiment armed with the multiple launch rocket system, the Army's most powerful, conventional, field artillery weapon, traces its lineage to Battery C of the 27th Armored Field Artillery Battalion of World War II fame. With its activation on 1 March 1988, the 3rd Battalion continued on its history.
The unit deployed a reinforced platoon with the lead Artillery battery of the 82nd Airborne Division to the defense of Saudi Arabia. In the liberation of Kuwait, the Battalion supported the 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized). The unit led from the front and provided the overwhelming majority of the division's fire support, eliminating numerous Iraqi targets.
The unit deployed to Kuwait just before Christmass 1998.
The unit provides fire support for contingency operations as an integral part of the XVIII Airborne Corps. 3-27 Field Artillery Regiment (MLRS) is also the Army's Test bed for the HIMARS System.
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