2nd Battalion, 43rd Air Defense Artillery Regiment
The 2nd Battalion, 43rd Air Defense Artillery Regiment is a patriot-equipped air defense artillery battalion assigned to the 11th Air Defense Artillery Brigade and based at Fort Bliss, Texas.
The 2nd Battalion, 43rd Air Defense Artillery was first constituted on 2 February 1907 in the Regular Army as the 138th Company, Coast Artillery Corps. The unit was organized in August 1907 at Fort Mott, New Jersey. It was reorganized and redesignated in August 1916 as the 1st Company, Fort Mills (Philippine Islands) and again on 31 August 1917 as the 1st Company, Coast Defenses of Manila and Subic Bays. Elements of the unit deployed to Europe to participate in the Great War, with the unit being awarded campaign streamers for participation in the St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne, and Lorraine 1918 campaigns.
The unit was redesignated again on 30 June 1922 as the 138th Company, Coast Artillery Corps before being inactivated on 18 December 1922 in the Philippine Islands. It was redesignated on 1 July 1924 as Battery C, 43rd Coast Artillery and disbanded entirely on 14 June 1944. The unit was reconstituted on 28 June 1950 in the Regular Army and concurrently consolidated with Battery A, 61st Field Artillery Battalion, which was then active. Battery a, 61st Field Artillery Battalion had been first constituted on 16 December 1940 in the Regular Army as Battery A, 61st Field Artillery Battalion, an element of the 1st Cavalry Division and activated on 3 January 1941 at Fort Bliss, Texas. The consolidated unit was designated as Battery A, 61st Field Artillery Battalion, an element of the 1st Cavalry Division. The combined lineage and honors saw the unit awarded participation credit for campaigns during the Second World War in both the European Theater of Operations (Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, and Central Europe) and the Pacific Theater of Operations (Central Pacific, Guadalcanal, Northern Solomons, New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, Leyte, and Luzon; campaign streamer with arrowhead for Leyte indicates participation in the initial assault landings).
Battery A, 61st Field Artillery Battalion was deployed to Korea as an element of the 1st Cavalry Division and participated in 10 campaigns of the Korean War: UN Defensive, UN Offensive, CCF Intervention, First UN Counteroffensive, CCF Spring Offensive, UN Summer-Fall Offensive, Second Korean Winter, Korea Summer-Fall 1952, Third Korean Winter, and Korea Summer 1953. The unit was inactivated on 15 October 1957 in Japan and relieved from assignment to the 1st Cavalry Division.
The unit was redesignated on 12 August 1958 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 2nd Missile Battalion, 43rd Artillery, with its organic elements concurrently constituted. The Battalion was activated on 1 September 1958 at Redmond, Washington. It was inactivated on 25 March 1966 at Turner Air Force Base, Georgia. While inactivate, the unit was redesignated on 1 September 1971 as the 2nd Missile Battalion, 43rd Air Defense Artillery.
The unit was redesignated on 1 January 1984 as the 2nd Battalion, 43rd Air Defense Artillery, and activated at Fort Bliss, Texas. The Battalion deployed to Southwest Asia in 1990 to participate in Operation Desert Shield. It subsequently participated in Operation Desert Storm and was awarded participation credit for the Defense of Saudi Arabia, Liberation and Defense of Kuwait, and Cease-Fire campaigns. 2-43rd Air Defense Artillery established itself at King Khalid Military City in Saudi Arabia, where it deployed a 4-battery Patriot setup for theater ballistic missile defense.
As of mid-2001, 2-43rd Air Defense Artillery had recently been deployed to Southwest Asia in support of Operation Southern Watch.
The unit was redesignated on 1 October 2005 as the 2nd Battalion, 43d Air Defense Artillery Regiment. In June 2006, the 108th Air Defense Artillery Brigade was moved to Fort Bragg, North Carolina, as part of the restructuring associated with the transformation of the US Army to the modular force structure. Responsible for all the air defense artillery units in XVIII Corps and under the operational control of that unit, the unit was technically subordinate to the 32nd Air and Missile Defense Command, US Army Forces Command. The Brigade also transformed and as a result, the 2nd Battalion, 43rd Air Defense Artillery Regiment was reassigned to the 11th Air Defense Artillery Brigade at Fort Bliss, Texas.
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