1st Transportation Agency (Movement Control)
Transportation Movement Control Agency (TMCA)
As part of the Army's transformation, the 1st Transportation Agency (Movement Control) was inactivated on 29 March 2007 in a ceremony on Panzer Kaserne parade field. Its 2 remaining movement control battalions were reassigned to the 16th Sustainment Brigade, 21st Theater Sustainment Command, US Army Europe.
The 1st Transportation Agency (Movement Control) was a subordinate organization of the 21st Theater Sustainment Command and was the US Army Europe (USAREUR) Executive Agent for movement control, the USAREUR Movement Control System (UMCS) and surface distribution. The Transportation Movement Control Agency (TMCA) provided for the transport and movement control of US Forces, their equipment, and materiel and sustainment supplies into, out of and within a theater of operations during contingencies, at war and in peace.
Key specific missions performed by TMCA in support of contingency operations in the European theater included: Functioning as the USAREUR executive agent for movement control; providing mission planning for strategic deployment, sustainment and redeployment; providing theater level liaison to host nations and for contracted assets (rail, barge, sea, road); participating with task force staffs to provide UMCS; assisting V Corps and divisional staffs in movement planning and execution; coordinating and interacting with NATO, UN and NGOs; and providing movement tracking and ITV for USAREUR. Initially, the TMCA had assigned to it the 39th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control) located in Kaiserslautern, Germany and the 14th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control) located in Vicenza, Italy. The 27th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control) located in Wiesbaden, Germany was assigned to 3rd Corps Support Command within V Corps and received technical guidance and assistance from 1st TMCA. All of the movement control battalions provided support in designated areas of responsibility. In 2006, with the restructuring of US forces in Europe and the drawdown of forces assigned to V Corps, the 27th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control) was placed under the operational control of the 39th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control), before being finally inactivated in 2007.
Movement control in the European theater operated on the basis of centralized control and decentralized execution. The 1st Transportation Agency (Movement Control), headquartered in Kaiserslautern, Germany, was the theater movements manager. It accomplished its mission through command and control of 2 movement control battalions and through coordination with the 27th Transportation Battalion (Movement Control), which was the movement control center for V Corps.
The movement control battalions had movement control teams (MCTs) and air terminal movement control teams (ATMCTs) that were responsible for coordinating and monitoring transportation services for Department of Defense and other designated agencies located or operating in their geographic area of responsibility.
The MCTs were divided into branch movement control teams (BMCTs), highway movement control teams (HMCTs), and rail movement management teams (RMMT's). The BMCTs provided transportation support to units. The HMCTs, which were collocated with the German regional highway movement headquarters, processed and coordinated road clearances. The RMMTs were responsible for rail issues. The MCTs usually were split further into 4 sections: highway clearance, export, containers, and freight. The structure and functions of a port MCT differed somewhat from the inland MCT, but the procedures they followed were essentially the same.
The BMCT was a subordinate unit of the MCT and provided freight and unit movement transportation services to all customers within its area of responsibility. It was the first stop for customers seeking transportation support. The BMCT processed all less-than-release-unit (LRU) shipment requests and forwarded all release-unit shipment requests to the MCT freight section for mode determination. LRU shipments weighed less than 10,000 pounds and their dimensions did not require theater movement clearance.
The HMCT was a subordinate element of the MCT. It functioned as a liaison between US Forces and German movement control authorities to process road movement requests for all US military traffic originating within its area of responsibility. The HMCTs primary function was to receive, verify, and coordinate all road movement requests and issue the approved road clearance according to the provisions of US Army, Europe, Regulation 55-1, US Army Motor Vehicle Operations on Public Roads, as well as and German highway regulations. Convoys and movements of overweight or oversize loads required a road clearance.
The RMMT was the MCT's single point of contact for rail issues between US Forces and the Deutsche Bundesbahn (the German railway system). The RMMT works closely with the freight section to ensure proper coordination and use of rail assets and assists units as necessary throughout the entire rail movement process.
The Air Terminal Movement Control Team (ATMCT) was the Army liaison with the Air Force. It arranged transport, coordinated loading, and expedited movement of personnel and materiel (inbound, intratheater, and retrograde) through Air Force terminals. There were 3 ATMCT's in Europe, one in Italy at Aviano, and 2 in Germany at Rhein Main and Ramstein Air Base. The procedures for all 3 were generally the same. However, Ramstein Air Base was the primary airfield for inbound and outbound shipments of military cargo and personnel.
Units that want to ship on Air Force C-141 Starlifters had to send a TCMD through the local BMCT. The TCMD contained the basic cargo and movement data that the ATMCT needed to book the cargo on a plane. When cargo arrives at Ramstein, the Air Force unloaded the plane using Air Force materials handling equipment. The pallets were offloaded in the pallet yard. Loose cargo was sent to the warehouse, where it was sorted by customer. It would take 6 to 10 hours to offload a plane completely. ATMCT pallet yard personnel checked the pallets against the air manifests. Then the pallets were stacked in trailer loads for throughput either to the consignee (single or multistops) or to the TDC. Sequence sheets were filled out and given to the Air Force. Air Force personnel created the TCMD and loaded the trailer. ATMCT personnel reviewed the TCMD, checked it against the trailer, assigned a TMR number, and called the 37th Transportation Command to pick up the trailer.
The 1st TMCA was the USAREUR transportation fund manager. It allocated funds, through the battalions, to the MCTs by issuing a fund certification authority (FCA) commercial funding memorandum. In short, the FCA provided to the MCT the authority to cite and certify fund availability directly for commercial transportation of US Government freight. The MCT then allocated the appropriate funds to each BMCT. Only the commander or traffic manager of the MCT had the authority to authorize the use of commercial transportation (within allocated fund cite authority) and only when military highway assets were not available. Limitations on the use of these funds (called P42 funds) were explained in the FCA memo. Moves not funded by P42 funds usually were covered by a unit's own fund cite or special funds allocated for a particular exercise or contingency.
The 1st Transportation Movement Control Agency was activated on 18 February 1986. However, as the former movements control and management element of the 4th Transportation Command, its history was firmly linked with that of the 4th Transportation Command, which traced its history back to March 1942, when it was initially activated as the 4th Port of Debarkation at Fort Lawton, Washington.
In the succeeding years, having been redesignated, inactivated and reactivated several times, and serving in many locations in the United States, Europe and Vietnam, the unit was reactivated in May 1975 from members and equipment of the US Army Transportation Brigade. In February 1981, the unit was redesignated as a command to reflect changes in the organization. It then became necessary, in February 1986, to restructure the Assistant Chief of staff, Movements to accommodate the functions of a Movement Control Agency with the activation of the 1st Transportation Movement Control Agency (TMCA).
The TMCA was established as a command charged with the responsibility for a vast spectrum of movement control and traffic management support throughout the European theater. Creation of the TMCA was part of the Transportation Operational and Organization Plan (TROOP), designed to streamline transportation management and improve support.
United States Army Europe Order Number 146-16, dated 11 October 1988, reassigned the TMCA to the United States Army, Europe, effective 16 October 1988. The unit was later redesignated in March 1995 as the TMCA.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|