Engineer Brigade, 1st Infantry Division
In 2006, as part of the Army's transformation towards a modular force, the Engineer Brigade of the 1st Infantry Division was inactivated. As part of the transformation to the modular force, assets previously held at division level, such as engineer elements, were incorporated into Brigade Special Troops Battalions, organic to each modular brigade.
The mission of the Engineer Brigade was to deploy to conduct mobility, countermobility, and survivability operations in support of the 1st Infantry Division mission. Its mission was also to provide command and control of all engineer assets in the Division sector, and coordinate worldwide engineer technical expertise for the Division across the spectrum of conflict.
The Engineer Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (Mechanized) traces its roots to 24 June 1993 when a provisional brigade headquarters from elements of the 1st Engineer Battalion was formed at Fort Riley, Kansas. During the following months, the growing Engineer Brigade organized its Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment and the newly activated 70th Engineer Battalion. The Engineer Brigade Headquarters formally activated on 2 September 1993 to provide command and control of engineer activities and organizations of the 1st Infantry Division (Mechanized).
From 1993 to 1995 the Engineer Brigade and its units supported 1st Infantry Division operations during deployments to the Joint Readiness Training Center, Fort Polk, Louisiana. The Engineer Brigade also provided planning, coordination, execution, and control for 2 civil relief operations: flood relief in the summer of 1993 in support of the Federal Emergency Management Administration, and Operation Warm Lakes 94 in Idaho in command and control Army units fighting forest fires in support of the United States Forest Service.
In February 1996, the Brigade moved to Bamberg, Germany to continue its association with the 1st Infantry Division (Mechanized). It provided command and control over the 1st, 9th and the 82nd Engineer Battalions. The Engineer Battalions under the Brigade provided engineer support to each of the Division's maneuver brigades; 9th Engineers support 2nd Brigade in Schweinfurt, Germany, 82nd Engineers support 3rd Brigade in Vilseck, Germany, and 1st Engineers support 1st Brigade in Ft. Riley, Kansas.
In October 1996, the 9th Engineer Battalion and a significant portion of the Brigade's staff deployed to support Operation Joint Guardian in Bosnia. In April 1997, the 82nd Engineer Battalion and a smaller portion of the Brigade's staff replaced the 9th Engineers and Brigade staff as a part of SFOR in the Former Yugoslavian Province.
During 1998 the Brigade took charge of 2 important 1st Infantry Division partnership activities, Peace Shield '98 and Operation Swift Crossing. Peace Shield '98 was a NATO Partnership for Peace exercise held in L'viv, Ukraine that involved several European countries. Operation Swift Crossing was a combined arms operations that included elements of the 1st Infantry Division, the German 60th Pioneer Brigade, and the 502nd Ribbon Bridge Company.
In June of 1999 the 9th Engineer Battalion along with a portion of the Brigade staff deployed in support of Operation Joint Guardian, but this time in Kosovo. As part of Task Force Falcon, in Kosovo, the Engineer Brigade headed up the construction of 2 world class base camps, Camps Monteith and Bondsteel. Along with the 9th Engineers, the Brigade's command during the operation also included the 94th Engineer Battalion, 2 construction companies from the states (A/864 Engineer Battalion and the 568th Engineer Company), Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 3, and several other engineer detachments (including the Baltimore District Corps of Engineers, 130th Engineer Brigade CMS section, and 720th EOD) totaling over 1800 soldiers, sailors, and civilians at its peak.
In December of 1999, the 82nd Engineer Battalion and a small section of brigade soldiers, replaced Brigade headquarters and 9th Eng Battalion to finish the 1st Infantry Division's mission in Kosovo. In June of 2000 the 1st Infantry returned from Kosovo, bringing back the Brigade and the 82nd Engineers to begin reintegration training and preparation for duty whenever the nation calls again.
In 2006, the Engineer Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, was inactivated as part of the reorganization of the 1st Infantry Division to the US Army's new modular force structure. As part of this transformation, various assets previously held at division level became organic to each modular brigade's Brigade Special Troops Battalion. The 82nd Engineer Battalion was inactivated and reflagged as the Special Troops Battalion of the 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team. 1st Engineer Battalion was reassigned to the 555th Engineer Brigade (TRO), while the 9th Engineer Battalion was reassigned to the 172nd Brigade Combat Team.
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