1st Engineer Brigade
The 1st Engineer Brigade trains values-based and combat ready soldiers, sailors, airmen, marines, leaders, and units for war. On order, the units supports reserve component units, writes doctrine and develop training concepts to support operations on all future battlefields. The unit is also tasked with being prepared to support contingencies, mobilizations, disaster plans, and provide subject matter experts worldwide.
The brigade trains advanced individual training (AIT) service members and one station unit training (OSUT) soldiers in a variety of military specialties. These include heavy construction engineer equipment operators, crane operators, engineer tracked vehicle crewmen, carpentry and masonry specialists, divers, technical engineering specialists and engineer equipment repairers. Depending on the specialty, service members can learn skills such as electrical wiring, surveying, computer aided design, land-mine warfare, combat vehicle operation and demolitions.
The brigade trains members of the Air Force, Navy and Marines in several military specialties. The interservice training began on October 1, 1995. The different services are not in the brigade but we work very closely with Interservice Training Review Organization (ITRO) personnel. ITRO is the consolidation of the four branches of the military's training resources. Similarities in specific fundamental training within the Army, Air Force, Marines and Navy allow students from all the services to train here. We have AIT companies with the Navy at Gulfport, MS, where carpentry training is conducted, at Sheppard Air Force Base, TX, for plumbing training, at Panama City, FL, where Engineer divers train with the Navy and at Fort Belvoir, VA, where, lithography, topographic surveying and terrain analysis training is conducted.
The brigade also is responsible for teaching Basic and Captains Career Officer Courses, Warrant Officer Courses and the highly demanding Sapper Leader Course. The Engineer Officer Basic Course is a 17-week program focused on preparing Lieutenants to be platoon leaders. The Captains Career Course is a 20-week team-based program focused on preparing Captains for company command. The Sapper Leader Course is a highly demanding 28-day course that is focused on small unit leadership for light engineer units.
The 1st Engineer Brigade consists of one combat engineer battalion (5th Engr Bn (C) (M)) and four training and support battalions: 35th Engr Bn (OSUT), 169th Engr Bn (AIT), 554th Engr Bn, responsible for the training of Engineer Officer Basic and Captains Career Courses and the 577th Engr Bn (training and training support).
The 1st Engineer Brigade history began when Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Engineer Amphibian Brigade was activated on June 15, 1942, at Camp Edwards, MA. The cause for activation -- support of the Normandy invasion fleet. The Brigade assisted invasion landings in North Africa, Italy, Normandy (France), and Okinawa by controlling and improving beachheads, provisioning combat units, unloading and moving supplies inland, and removing casualties and prisoners of war from the shore. During World War II the Brigade distinguished itself in many engagements and received the following campaign streamers for the unit colors: Naples-Foggia, Rome-Arno, Normandy with Arrow Head, Northern France, and Ryukyus.
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